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  • Apr 07 / 2013
  • Comments Off on How Did the Birth of Jesus Christ Come About? (Matthew 1:18-25)
Matthew: The Book of Kingship, Pastor Heo, Sermons

How Did the Birth of Jesus Christ Come About? (Matthew 1:18-25)

04.07

04.07.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

Last time, we saw the genealogy of Jesus – the son of David, son of Abraham. His genealogy goes like this Abraham – Isaac – Jacob – Judah… “begot” being the keyword. In this story, mother did not begot sons, but father. 

The bottom line is different in the case of Jesus – it does not say “Joseph begot Jesus” – it says, “Joseph, the husband of Mary, mother of Jesus.”

In the history of the world, only two men had no human fathers – Adam and Jesus. In the future, there are no more like that. In the future, if a girl becomes pregnant and says, “Oh, it’s the Holy Spirit!” Don’t believe her. One is enough.

v. 18-19

If you see carefully, verse 18 says “Mary was pledged” = engaged, not yet married. Verse 19 says, “Joseph planned to divorce her” – they were already called husband and wife. 

What was the process for marriage in Judaism at that time? 3 steps:

  1. Engagement stage (made while the couple was young – only children – by their parents or professional match maker – regardless of the couple’s choice – they didn’t even see each other) In Korea, even up to the previous generation, they did this as well. 
  2. Betrothal (ratification – legal approval of engagement – this stage lasted for one year. During this period, they didn’t live together, lived separately in body. During this time, they should keep their virginity and purity to prepare to be husband and wife – but legally they were already called “husband and wife” with legal binding. During this period, if a wife committed adultery, she was to be stoned. If a husband died, the wife would be called a virgin widow.)
  3. Proper Marriage (at the end of the year, live together in one house)

In this story, they were in the second stage when Mary got pregnant. 

Brothers, if you were Joseph, what would you do?

Joseph was a “righteous man” (even though before God, no one is righteous, not even one). But humanly speaking, he was zealous to keep the Law. So, in this way, he should have divorced her – but he was also a gentleman, didn’t want her to be killed – so he was studying quietly, secretly to keep her alive. During this time, an angel appeared to him, and said, “Don’t be afraid to make her your wife. This child is of the Holy Spirit.”

v. 20-21

If you see the book of Luke, an angel – Gabriel – appeared to Mary and said, “You will be with child and will give birth to a son – you are to give him the name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the son of the Most High and he will be given the throne of David and will rule over the house of Jacob, and his kingdom will never end.”

Mary said, “How? I’m a virgin.”

The angel said, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you.”

At that time, Mary responded “I’m a servant of the Lord, let it be done to me as you have said.”

Both Joseph and Mary obeyed fully.

Humanly speaking, Joseph was a gentleman. Let us also be gentle men.

All this took place to fulfill the prophecy (Isaiah).

verse 22-23

  • Immanuel “God with us” 
  • El = “God” 

verse 24-25

He had no union with her UNTIL she gave birth. But after that…

If we summarize the whole Old Testament in one sentence: It is the bundle of prophecies concerning the Messiah and his substitutionary death and his victorious reign. 

Since Matthew is the Book of the King, it has many more quotations from the Old Testament than any of the other gospels. 

It has 130 quotations and allusions to the OT.

Another key of Matthew, “King” and “Kingdom of Heaven” – that’s why we should repent. More than 32 times, we can see “The Kingdom of Heaven.” No other book has that.

All the story, all the genealogy:

  • Old Testament = prophecy
  • New Testament = fulfillment

OT – born of woman (not father), through the seed of Abraham, the tribe of Judah, the son of David, through the virgin.

  • Genesis 3:13? – this is a curse from God to the serpent “I will put enmity between you and the woman – you will strike his heel and he will crush your head.” Ancient serpent = Satan. Woman’s offspring = Jesus – Galatians 4:14 “When the time had come, God sent his son, born of a woman.”
  • Genesis 18 – to Abraham – “through your offspring, all nations on Earth will be blessed.” – fulfilled through Jesus.
  • Genesis 44? – “The scepter will never depart from Judah”
  • 2 Samuel – to David “I will establish your kingdom forever and ever.” – fulfilled in Jesus
  • “The virgin will be with child and give birth to a son.” Isaiah 7:14 – almost the same sentence.
  • “The Lord himself will give a sign – the virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son and they will call him Immanuel.”
  • Isaiah 9:6 “To us a child is born, a son is given, and the government shall be on his shoulders (kingship) – and he shall be called Wonderful Counsel, Everlasting Father, Mighty God, King of Peace.”

The name (word) Jesus = savior – comes from Joshua. Jesus = Greek, Joshua = Hebrew. The name Joshua = “God’s salvation”

  • Joshua = Jesus = Jehovah is my salvation
  • Christ (Greek) = Messiah (Hebrew)
  • Jesus = human name
  • Christ = official title
  • Immanuel = describes his character 

He was not a phantom, he was fully man – physically touchable. He was also fully God – sinless, born of a virgin, without original sin – because he wasn’t born of a father.

So, what is the purpose of the virgin birth? Why through the virgin?

5 purposes for this:

#1: To fulfill God’s promise – to keep his promise.

God is not a man, he is God, so he is very faithful in keeping his promises. 

#2: To reveal God

Can you see God? You can in Jesus. We cannot see God – but God can show himself to us. John 1:18 “No one has ever seen God, but he has made him known. God is spirit, but can show something of himself to us through nature, history, conscious, dreams, visions, prophets. But God has shown ALL of himself through Jesus.”

Hebrews 1:1 “ In the past, God spoke to prophets, but in these last days, through Jesus.”

Colossians 2 “In Christ, all the fulness of the Trinity, divinity dwells in Jesus.”

Jesus = God’s final self revelation

#3: To bridge the gap between God and man

Like Matthew, the bridge between OT and NT, Jesus came to bridge the gap between God and man.

1 Timothy 5 “There is one God and one mediator between God and man – Jesus Christ.”

If I want to be a mediator to the Japanese, I can’t do it by speaking Chinese. If I speak English, it also doesn’t work. But, if I speak Japanese fluently, I can be a mediator to them.

Jesus is fully God and fully man, he speaks both languages fluently. “I am the way, the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”

#4: Through virgin birth to save us from our sins

Think about this: to get forgiveness is very essential – what should you do? From God? Repent. Confess our sins to receive forgiveness from God – it is necessary, essential, absolute to receive forgiveness. 

But remember, confession is not enough.

First, the penalty of sin must be paid – the wages of sin = death. 

So, to be a perfect Savior, he must be God to save us, he must be REAL man to die and pay our penalty, he must be sinless for his sacrifice to be effective. 

Who is there in this world/life like that? Only Jesus.

#5: To show us the example of a sinless, holy life. 

“Come to me all who are weary and heavy laden and I will give you rest. You will find rest for your souls.”

Who can say, “I’m gentle, I’m humble, you will find rest”? Jesus, he is holy and sinless.

1 Peter 2 “You are called to follow the example set before you by Jesus.”

Q: Is Jesus your Savior? 

If True, he is our example, model, of what kind of people we should be in this world. 

In the Bible, there are many human writers (40) – all the writers of the Word are PERFECT in their writings (only) but they are NOT perfect in their character. Only Jesus is infallible in his teaching and character.

There are 2 steps:

  1. Non-believer: Believe in Jesus and live.
  2. Believer: Follow Jesus’ example 

For us the most important thing is Jesus’ example. 

In Exodus, when Moses came down from the mountain, his face shown (glowed) – if we are real Christians, we are being transformed into that kind of person more and more as we walk with Jesus and follow his example. 

If you “like” Christ, you should be LIKE Christ.

Let’s pray.

  • Mar 31 / 2013
  • Comments Off on The Resurrection! (Matthew 28:1-20) – Easter 2013
Easter, Pastor Brian, Sermons

The Resurrection! (Matthew 28:1-20) – Easter 2013

03.31

03.31.2013 Easter Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

The resurrection is the lynchpin – the ONE thing that holds all of Christianity together.

In 1 Cor 15, Paul even says, “If Christ has NOT been raised, then your faith is Worthless – futile – meaningless.”

Jesus’ resurrection was the vindication of his life and ministry.

1 Cor 15:20 “But now Christ HAS been raised from the dead. The first fruits of those who are asleep.” The resurrection at the end of the age.

Because of the importance of the belief of the resurrection of Jesus as a HISTORICAL event – 2000 approximate years ago.

The calendar is divided by Christ (A.D. = Ado Domini = “The Year of our Lord”)

Based on its importance as Christian doctrine, skeptics and unbelievers have attacked it. Even some “Christians” have “watered it down” so much that it’s lost much of its power.

The “Jesus Seminars” asked everyone to change the gospels to fit their own opinions and speculations.

For example:
Was Jesus really placed in a tomb?

Historically, when criminals were crucified, they were left to rot on the cross or thrown into a mass grave.

John Dominic Crossland said, “Jesus body was probably dug up and eaten by dogs.”

#1 What do the eyewitnesses say?

The body of Jesus was turned over to Joseph of Arimethea – a member of the council who decided to kill Jesus based on blasphemy.

  • Mark’s gospel says, “the entire Sanhedrin voted to kill Jesus.” (chp 14).
  • Luke says, “Behold, a man named Joseph had not consented to this plan.” He was waiting for the kingdom of God.
  • Witnesses say the body was turned over to Joseph.

Other evidence?

1 Cor 15:3-7 is not just something of Paul’s opinion, but something he received as a new Christian – an early Christian creed (an article of belief). “For what I received, I passed on to you, as of first importance. That Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures. That he was buried. That he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures. And that he appeared to…up to 500 people at once.”

This creed is a summary that corresponds line-by-line to the gospel accounts.

Joseph of Arimethea is mentioned in ALL the gospels.

Mark is the first gospel written (probably about 30 years later or sooner). There was not much time for “historic legend” to sprout up.

Joseph was a member of the council that condemned Jesus to death. Imagine how the disciples would feel about that. Would they have chosen him to honor Jesus in his death? Despite any embarrassment, it was Joseph, a follower of Jesus, who took care of Jesus after his death.

The care of Jesus’ body is one of the earliest, and BEST attested FACTS of Jesus’ death and burial.

Some people (Jehovah’s Witnesses for example) believe that Jesus’ resurrection was spiritual – NOT bodily.

The Jews concept of resurrection was PHYSICAL. The primary object of the person was the BONES – not even the flesh. After the flesh rotted away, the Jews would gather bones to be preserved in a box until the end of the world when God would resurrection everyone. It’s unthinkable to think that they thought it would be spiritual resurrection.

Joseph (in Egypt) made his family swear that they would carry his bones with them out of Egypt after he died (Genesis 50:20-)

Hebrews 7 – the heroes of faith. THIS statement put him in that gallery of the heroes of faith. Joseph was a HUGE deal in Egypt, but this statement was a statement of faith that the situation would change. Eventually, a Pharaoh arose that persecuted them, and eventually, Moses got the Israelites out and he carried Joseph’s bones out as promised. Joshua eventually led the Israelites into the Promised Land, and Joseph’s bones were eventually buried in Shechem.

Here we can see the importance of the attachment to bones the Jews had. They REALLY believed that the BONES would be resurrected at the end of time.

#2: The Security of the Tomb

How secure was it? The tighter the security, the less likely it would be tampered with.

Historically, there would be a slanted groove (at an angle) and a large stone would be rolled down the groove with a small stone in place to hold the boulder. This boulder must weigh several hundred kilograms and would be difficult to roll back up without help. Also, the tomb would likely have had a rope attached between the boulder and the wall. It would have to be cut.

Also, there were guards (but only Matthew records it). Consider the claims and counter-claims between Jews and Jesus.

  • Christians = “Jesus is risen!”
  • Jews = “You stole it!”
  • Christians = “There were guards.”
  • Jews = “They fell asleep.”
  • Christians = “You bribed them to say that.”

IF no guards…

  • Christians = “Jesus is risen!”
  • Jews = “You stole it!”
  • Christians = “There were guards.”
  • Jews = “What guards??! You’re crazy!”

SO, there is STRONG evidence to show there really WERE guards.

#3: The Jews seemed to believe MORE than the Christians that Jesus WOULD rise again as he’d said. Look at the precautions they took.

“Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, ‘After 3 days, I’ll rise again.’ (Matt 16:21)”

This was around the time that Jesus started prophesying his sufferings, and death, and resurrection – from that time on, he began to show what must happen to him. Peter rebuked him – Jesus rebuked him back. Jesus knew what he must do, Peter didn’t.

So, here he spoke on his resurrection. Word got around to the Jews – they believed it! That’s why they wanted to station a guard there. So, Pilate gave them a guard (in the Greek, the word used refers to Romans). And Romans came to arrest Jesus in the first place.

There are other objections, but ALL can be justified and accounted for.

There are differences in the Easter morning writings. It’s dark, or it’s light? 5am, is it light or dark? Well, I say it’s light, but you (might be sleepy) say it’s still dark.

There might be plagarism. Someone stole someone else’s work for their writing. But, no historian would care about secondary details if the heart of the story is the same.

For example, Alexander’s campaign across the Alps has two separate accounts, but no one ever doubts that it actually happened.

Another:

What about the women? Their testimonies? Some priests thought “Let the word of the Law be BURNED rather than given to women.” They weren’t allowed to testify in court even.

Now, if this was a “legend” – it would’ve been the MEN who “found” the empty tomb. But, the gospel writers were willing to be embarrassed by this fact and ridiculed, in order to tell the TRUTH.

This have all been debated, but have all stood the test of time – up to now.

Psalm 16 “God would not allow his holy one to undergo decay” This was written by David. David died, and his tomb is here today. But Jesus died, and his body is NOT here today. This was from Peter – who had DENIED Jesus, had wept bitterly, had given up on everything – and now he’s back preaching with power.

“When they had carried out all that was written about him, they took him down, laid him in a tomb. But God raised him from the dead, and was seen by MANY people over the weeks.” – this was Paul – who’d once persecuted Christians.

We’ve even heard a testimony this morning about what Jesus can do for us, save us from sin.

William Lane Craig is probably the most prominent speaker about the resurrection – but he came from a non-Christian family. He went, he wasn’t impressed – they didn’t really believe, didn’t really “act” like Christians – he became cynical and bitter. But at school there was a girl named Sandy who was always so joyful and happy (made him sick). “Why are you always so happy?” “I’m saved!” “Huh?” “God loves me, and loves you too.” It hit him like a pile of bricks. He realized the truth, and went out and became a Christian, and dedicated his life to proclaim it. He proclaims the HISTORICAL aspects of the resurrection.

There are two kinds of people:

  1. Those that hear and believe and have experiential faith that they are changed.
  2. Those that study the historical reality of the resurrection and believe.

We need BOTH. (Seriously the historical REALITY is pretty amazing. Research it.)

Let’s pray.

  • Mar 24 / 2013
  • Comments Off on Matthew is The Book of the King! (Matthew 1:1-17)
Matthew: The Book of Kingship, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Matthew is The Book of the King! (Matthew 1:1-17)

03.24

03.24.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

There are two lines concerning the coming of the Christ:

  1. He was to come as a savior from sin.
  2. He was to come as a king with a kingdom.

He came as a double role.

We studied John for about 2 years.

  • John emphasizes Jesus as SAVIOR.
  • Matthew emphasizes Jesus as KING.

In Christian’s life, faith and work, mission and life, privilege and responsibility go together.

  • If we have faith – we have fruit.
  • If we are sons of God – we are to live as princes and princesses of God.

Sonship and kingship go together all the time. 

This is the gospel according to Matthew, the first book of the New Testament, a bridge from the OT to the NT. It starts with a family tree.

In the OT, after the Fall, one of the themes was the geneaology of Adam. The NT starts with Jesus (the Second/Last Adam).

The OT gives the history of Adam’s family – that is a sad story – Jesus came to save the generation of Adam. Through the story, from no choice of our own, we were born as Adam’s family – but by our own choice, through faith, we can be born into the family of Christ.

Why is he introduced as the Son of David and the Son of Abraham? Because in the OT there was a covenant with David and Abraham

Genesis 12 – God promised a son and line through Abraham – his own son.

God promised he’d make Abraham into a great nation, all people were to be blessed through him. This covenant is being fulfilled by Jesus Christ – God sent his one and only son, and left his home and came into this dark, dirty world as his mission field. Whoever denies Jesus will be cursed, whoever believes in him will be blessed.

God gives him the name above all names, so that all knees will bow and worship him. So that all peoples on Earth can be blessed by Jesus.

That’s why Jesus is introduced as the Son of David and the Son of Abraham.

This (boring) story still has 3 points – even MORE! (But we’ve only got like 30 minutes):

  1. Look at the names of the women (important)
  2. See the stage of generation divisions
  3. Look at the keywords in this story

#1: The names of the women

(WOAH! women? In the geneaology? Who is the author? Not a typical dude of that generation)

Women were not counted in number at that time (census, when Jesus fed 5,000, they were regarded as property – to use as a man wanted)

So, in a Jewish man’s prayer, he used to say, “Thanks God that I’m not a Gentile, a slave, nor a woman!” Wow!

So this is shocking, exciting, surprising.

These must have been amazingly GREAT women, right?

Nope…

5 women:

  1. Tamar – dressed like a prostitute to get her father-in-law to get her pregnant – her husband was killed, and her father-in-law Judah said, just wait a bit until my son is older, but he didn’t do his duty, so she lured him in to make a baby with her.
  2. Rahab – prostitute
  3. Ruth – Gentile woman – according to Deut 3:23? No Moabites, no Amonites could enter into the assembly of the Lord, yet here she is.
  4. Bathsheba – King David raped her, and killed her husband in battle, then he took her as his wife, and his first son was killed by God in punishment – but he eventually got Solomon from her
  5. Mary – was a virgin, but when she was found with child…people talk

So, this is a very shocking geneaology. Nobody can judge these women – if you judge them, you also will be judged.

Jesus came to destroy all barriers

Galatians 3:28? Neither Jew nor Gentile, slave nor free, but all are one in Christ – he himself is our peace, he has destroyed and broken down the walls of hostility between all men (and women).

There is no sinner who cannot be forgiven in Jesus Christ.

1 Tim 1:15 “Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: That is Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners, of whom, I’m the worst (the chief).”

“If we confess our sins he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.” (1 John?)

#2: The stage of generation divisions.

verse 17:

  • 14 generations Abraham -> David
  • 14 generations David -> Exile to Babylon
  • 14 generations Exile -> Jesus

Each stage has 14 generations.

It is very good for us to memorize this thing.

Sometimes, the number 7 = perfect in the Bible – so here 14 = double perfect.

Now here, these divisions show us something symbolic.

  1. Stage 1: Up to David. He unified Israel into a nation and made them a power in this world – he was one of the greatest kings in Israel’s history.
  2. Stage 2: The Great Depression – Destruction, Ruin, Tragedy – they lost EVERYTHING
  3. Stage 3: Renewal in Jesus

They are liberated and rescued from their slavery. He turns their mourning into dancing, again..

This shows the spiritual reality of man’s world.

  1. Stage 1: Man is created with greatness! With power, with blessing, in God’s own image. Fill the Earth, subdue it, be fruitful and multiply. Man was given dominion over ALL things and designed for fellowship with God. God’s dream for man was a dream of greatness. If man were a servant of God at that time, God would be king over all Creation. If man loved him, feared him, worshiped him, then ALL Creation would follow along.
  2. Stage 2: Man became a slave of sin rather than a  servant of God. So, man lost his hope, fellowship, life, blessing from God.
  3. Stage 3: Man can regain his greatness through Jesus Christ. God didn’t allow man to be destroyed by his foolishness. That’s why God sent his one and only Son to restore our communion and blessing and relationship with God.

This is our spiritual story with God.

#3: Keyword (Father of)

….sooooo many (39 times – and actually, coincidentally there are 39 books of the OT).

King James says, “Abraham begot Isaac”

begot = 39 times 

The King James version is better to be close to the original Greek.

Begot = pregnant and produce new life.

If we see the genealogy in Genesis 5, we see, “his son lived XXX years and then he DIED.” (Keyword = DIED)

In the genealogy of Jesus (BEGOT).

What does this mean spiritually? 

This is why the Bible says, “In Adam, all die and in Christ, all can be alive.”

  • Adam became a living being from the dust of the Earth, but lost his life through sin.
  • Jesus came as a life-giving spirit to undo what Adam had done.

In our first birth, we automatically belong to Adam. We are dust, sinners, we will die. Adam’s destiny is our destiny – nobody can escape.

That’s why Jesus came to give us new life, eternal life. That’s why we must be born again. To accept Jesus as our life.

One more lesson from “begot”

There are so many people involved:
kings, priests, shepherds, carpenters, beggars, prostitutes – but there is only one common thing that is essential and necessary to be involved in this genealogy of Jesus.

Who could be involved in this?

Only those who “begot” new life.

Matthew 25 “This gospel will be preached to ALL nations and THEN the end will come” (so don’t get your hopes up earlier)

Revelation 22 “Behold, I’m coming soon.”

King James “Behold, I’m coming quickly!” 3 times repeated.

In heaven, another genealogy of the Second Coming of Jesus is being written, not on paper, but in God’s heart.

Whose name can be written in the genealogy of the Second Coming of Christ? 

Pastor? Deacon? Elder? Brother? Sister? Christian? Korean? Westerner? No, no, no.

Only those who “begot” new eternal life, continually, continually, will be written in this new genealogy of the Second Coming of Christ.

***If we “get” eternal life in our Savior, we MUST “beget” eternal life for Christ in others.

God bless us all.

  • Mar 17 / 2013
  • Comments Off on Conflict in the Council (Acts 23:1-22)
Acts: The Church Grows, Pastor Brian, Sermons

Conflict in the Council (Acts 23:1-22)

03.17

03.17.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

(After computer crash…)

In Judaism, there were three main sects of Jews.

The Saducees didn’t believe in the resurrection of the dead. (So, they were “Sad, you see.” – Sad-u-cee)

Paul was on trial because of the hope of the resurrection of the dead.

The Pharisees DID believe in the general resurrection of the dead. They believed that the virtuous ones would be able to rise and live again.

So, Paul decides to divide and conquer – now the two parties will fight with each other. (Pharisees think – ah, he understands us. Saducees think – what a loser)

This is one of the only times he refers to himself as a Pharisee (also in chapter 26:5). We might think it strange that Paul would still consider himself a Pharisee.

But, he didn’t see anything wrong with it, he even boasted in his background to the church (1 Cor 11:21-22) “What anyone else does to boast, I’m speaking as a fool, I also dare to boast about. Are they Hebrews? Me too. Israelites, Abraham’s descendants? Me too.”

But as far as salvation is concerned he saw no value in his Pharisee background (Phil 4) – “we put no confidence in the flesh [human attainments]. If anyone thinks he can be confident of his accomplishments, I’m waaaaaaay better than that dude. I’ve dotted every i and crossed every T. Yet, whatever WAS good for me, is a loss – everything of value is a loss compared to knowing Christ – I have lost all things and consider all things rubbish so that I might be in Christ. Not having my own righteousness, but having that of Christ’s through faith.”

Self-righteousness leads to pride.

When we realize that WE can’t DO anything to get holy, it messes with our pride and makes us get humble.

Paul’s appeal to the resurrection was more than just a general hope in the resurrection (prophesied in Daniel). But, the religious leaders didn’t believe it would come from Jesus – yet Jesus had said, “I am the Resurrection and the Life” (John). And this is the entire focus of Peter and Paul’s ministry throughout the book of Acts.

Many Jews had gone to Jerusalem for Pentecost. When the miracle of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit happened, they heard the praises and preaching of God and Jesus’ resurrection in their own tongues. Some people had thought them drunk – they “technically” were “drunk” as fulfilled by the prophesy of Joel (In the last days, I’ll pour out my spirit on all people) – but they weren’t drunk with wine.

Paul went on “Jesus was handed over to you by wicked men, and you conspired and nailed him to the cross. But God raised him from the dead – since the wages of sin are death, death couldn’t hold him.”

“King David prophesied – he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ – he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay. Exalted to the right hand of God, he has poured out what you now see and here (the Holy Spirit).”

This was Peter’s message in Acts 2.

It was also Paul’s message when he went to Antioch.

“Though they found no good reason for death, they asked to have him executed, and when they had done all that was written about him, they took him down and laid him in a tomb. But God raised him from the dead and for many days, he appeared to many people – they are now His witnesses.”

So, for Paul, Christ and the resurrection is the basis for HOPE. (1 Cor 15 – the Resurrection chapter).

1 Cor 15

“Now brothers, I want to remind you of the gospel I preached to you, which you have received and on which you have taken your stand.”

Paul always made clear what the gospel was. There’s a need to confess, repent, be baptized, follow the Lord.

“2 By this gospel, you are saved, IF you hold firmly to the word I preached to you, otherwise, you have believed in vain.”

Paul emphasizes the need for perseverance, continuance.

“3 For what I received, I passed on to you as of FIRST IMPORTANCE: that Christ died for our sins – according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day – according to the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Peter and the disciples.”

The basis for hope and the faith is Jesus and the resurrection.

Here, in the council, he didn’t preach Christ – but just spoke of the resurrection. Now, there is a violent conflict in the council – so Paul had to be rescued from them.

Luke 20:27-40

This shows the mentality of the Saducees – they constantly wanted to trap Jesus in his speech. For example, “Should we pay taxes to Caesar?” Jesus said, “Show me your coin – that’s Caesar’s face – so give Caesar what is his, and give God what is his.”

Here the Saducees say, “A man was married to a woman, and he had 7 brothers. The first died, the second married her – as is the law. He died, with no kids. Eventually, the got through the entire 7 brothers, with no kids. Now, in the resurrection, which brother gets the wife?” Jesus said, “You have no idea. NOW, we get married. But, in the resurrection, there will be no marriage – we’ll be like the angels. Besides that, when God spoke to Moses in the burning bush, he said “I AM the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob” – he spoke of them as though they were alive.” So, God is the God of the LIVING.

The Saducees were wrong about the resurrection – there IS. Those who have received Jesus have the HOPE of the resurrection and WILL be raised again.

This is something we need to continue in – even if we sin, God is faithful to forgive us our sins IF we confess and repent.

Isaiah talks about backsliding – the quicker we come to the Lord, the quicker we can be restored to fellowship with him.

Isaiah 44:22 “I have swept away your offenses like a cloud and your sins like the morning mist. Return to me, for I have paid the price for your freedom. Return to me, for I have paid for your salvation.”

Hallelujah.

  • Mar 10 / 2013
  • Comments Off on The Book of John is the Book of Eternal Life in Christ (John 21:15-25)
John: The Book of Life, Pastor Heo, Sermons

The Book of John is the Book of Eternal Life in Christ (John 21:15-25)

03.10

03.10.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

This is the final study in the book of John: The Book of Life – eternal, abundant life in Christ. The whole book is full of life.

Closing this study, let’s briefly review each chapter, especially related to “life.”

  1. In the Beginning was the Word, that word was light, but the world did not understand it, so the word became flesh.
  2. Jesus turned water into wine and then cleared the temple – Jesus has much interest in our continual joyful lives and changed, pure, holy lives.
  3. “You must be born again.” Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit – regeneration.
  4. The Samaritan woman – “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, but whoever drinks the water I give will never thirst, because it will well up into eternal life.”
  5. “Whoever believes my word and the one who sent me has life – he has crossed from death to life.”
  6. After feeding 5,000 men – “I am the Bread of Life. Whoever eats my flesh has life – I will raise him at the last day.”
  7. “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to mean and drink – the streams of living water will flow from within him or her.”
  8. “I am the Light of the World. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life.”
  9. Jesus opens the eyes of the blind man, “As long as it is day, we must do the work of him who sent me. Night is coming soon when nobody can work.” Life = opportunity to work for God.
  10. “I am the Gate for the sheep. I am the Good Shepherd. I have come to give life, you shall never perish, no one can snatch you out of my hand.”
  11. Jesus raises Lazarus from the dead – whoever lives and believes in me will never die “I am the Resurrection and the Life.”
  12. Unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it will remain a single seed… Our life is producing life when we die.
  13. Washing disciples feet, “A new command I give you – you must love one another. By this everyone will know you are my disciples, if you love one another.”
  14. I am the Way the Truth and the Life, no one comes to the Father except through me.
  15. I am the True Vine, you are the branches, no vine can bear fruit on its own, apart from me you can do nothing – but in me you will bear much fruit.
  16. Even though you have trouble in the world, “take heart for I have overcome the world.” Our lives are overcoming lives against Satan and sin.
  17. He chose to be arrested to set us free.
  18. He was crucified with our old selves to raise us to life.
  19. He was raised to life to guarantee our eternal life.
  20. He appeared to the disciples and Mary (first).
  21. He appeared to the disciples at the Sea of Galilee. Remember the picture?

In this picture, in the first picture, they fished all night and caught nothing. Jesus appeared, and helped them catch 153 fish. Jesus prepared a warm fire for them (they were cold) and breakfast (they were hungry), and continually, when they finished eating, now he asked Peter if he loved him personally and openly – in public for others to hear. 

Three times, “Simon, do you truly love me?”

Jesus said, “If you love me, feed my lambs… If you love me, take care of my sheep… If you love me, feed my sheep.”

Why three times? For emphasis? Repetition? Counter-standard? (Remember Peter had denied Jesus openly three times previously just before the crucifixion – now Jesus gives 3 chances to recover from that). Love, love, love – in English and Korean it’s the same word. BUT, in Greek, it is different.

  1. Eros – love for other sex
  2. Stolgay – love for parents
  3. Filial – love for friends
  4. Agape – divine, unconditional love
  • First two sentences, Jesus said, “Agape.” 
  • Peter replied with “You know I Filial you.”
  • Jesus changed for the third, “Do you Filial me?”
  • Peter was hurt, “You know all things, of course I Filial you.”

Even though we Filial Jesus, he gives us a huge mission and task – how much more if we Agape love him.

  1. Feed my lambs = if you have my life, give that life to others, evangelize, be my witnesses to the lost
  2. Take care of my sheep = help them to continue to enjoy abundant life
  3. Feed my sheep = continue this again and again.

“Do you truly love me MORE THAN THESE?” may have two meanings.

  • “Do you love me more than your other friends, your fish, your boat, car, cash, baby, TV, smart phone?” Are you prepared to give up everything to follow me? You comfort, your stuff, etc? To give yourself to my people, my task?
  • “Do you love me more than these other disciples love me?” Reminding him of his previous confession (he’d said, “Even if everyone else falls away, I’ll NEVER fall away” – but he failed).

Throughout the book of John, Jesus questions are 2:

  1. Do you believe in me? Yes = live eternally
  2. Do you love me? Yes = prove it by making others live in me and love me, through your sacrifice/service/ministry 

In the world, love is the greatest privilege, but also brings the greatest responsibility – it ALWAYS involves sacrifice.

Peter eventually died upside down crucifixion – church history (not Bible) tells us that. But now, Peter is alive in heaven with Christ. 

Remember, we do not truly love Christ if we aren’t ready to follow him and take up his task and his cross.

v 20-24: About “the disciple whom Jesus loved”

i.e. Peter said, “Lord, you told me what will happen to me, what about John, what will happen to him?”

Jesus said, “Just mind your own business buddy.”

Of course we must care for and serve and help each other – looking to the interests of others (in humility). But in ministry, we must NOT compare ourselves to others. We do not compare ourselves to rationalize our own commitment to God or to question the commitment or justice of God. 

What does Jesus say to Peter? 3 times: Follow me. 

First meeting, he said that, and now verse 19 and 22.

  • When we meet Jesus first, we start to follow.
  • On the journey, we continue to follow.
  • At the end, we still follow.

This is present tense, consistent, steadfast, persevering following of Christ – continuing his work in the way he wants it done, not in the way we want it done. Jesus is our example and sample and task. Jesus is our goal.

Hebrews 12:2? “Fix your eyes upon Jesus, the author and perfector of our faith.”

God bless us all to fix our eyes upon Jesus.

v.25 – Jesus did many other things as well…

Do you agree with this? This is not an exaggeration – this is truth. This world is limited in time and space, knowledge, understanding, power. But, Jesus is infinite – proven as True God by his resurrection. He is unlimited in time, space, works, beauty. Whatever we know of Jesus is limited.

No matter how much we know of him, that is only a small fragment of him (imagine the size of the Earth when compared with the size of the universe). 

Whatever we have experienced of him is a fragment of what is yet to experience. 

Think of Chonbuk University’s books – think of Harvard University’s. Yet, all books are inadequate to describe Jesus fully.

Let us learn, know, study Jesus more and more. Let us experience, and enjoy him more and more. Let us live his life more and more abundantly.

May God bless us all through the study of the gospel of John: The Book of Life – life that can only be found in Jesus.

“I have come that they may have life and have it to the full.”

John 3:16

May God bless us all with his eternal life.

  • Mar 03 / 2013
  • Comments Off on Testimony Outside the Temple (Acts 22:1-30)
Acts: The Church Grows, Pastor Brian, Sermons

Testimony Outside the Temple (Acts 22:1-30)

03.03

03.03.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

(Read in the Bulletin today)

6 “About noon as I cam near Damascus, suddenlly a bright light from heaven flashed around me.

10 “What shall I do, Lord?” I asked.

“Get up, “ the Lord said, and go into Damascusu. There you will be told all that you have been assigned to do.”

14 “Then he said: “The God of our ancestors has chosen you to know his will and to see the Righteous One and to hear words from his mouth.

18 and saw the Lord speaking to me. “Quick!” he said. “Leave Jerusalem immediately, because the people here will not accept you testimony about me.”

22 The crowd listened to Paul until he said this. Then they raised their voices and shouted, “Rid the earth of him! He’s not fit to live!”

26 When the centurion heard this, he went to the commander and reported it. “What are you going to do?” he asked. “This man is a Roman citizen.”

30 The commander wanted to find out exactly why Paul was being accused by the Jews. So the next day he released him and ordered the chief priests and all the members of the Sandedrin to assemble. Then he brought Paul and had him stand before them.


Last time, Paul had been accused of bringing a Gentile into the Inner Courts of the temple, this would have been punishable by death (for Paul).

Historically, in 1871, Greek warnings were found by a man. IN 1935, other fragments were found, “No foreigner is to enter into the area around the sanctuary. Whoever is caught will have himself to blame for his own death.”

That’s how serious an offense it was.

Paul had been accused of bringing a Gentile into the temple courts. They had seen him in town with him and assumed that he’d brought him into the temple. So, the Jews began beating Paul. And at this time, from the fortress of Antonia (in the northeast area) the commander came down to put an end to that. (They were there to keep an eye on things and put down riots, etc).

Seeing that Paul was the center of the problem, he was bound with two chains with a soldier on each side. So, this fulfilled the prophecy of another Christian about Paul’s journey to Jerusalem earlier in Acts.

Earlier in Jerusalem, an Egyptian had led a revolution in Jerusalem from the desert – the revolution had been put down, but the leader had escaped. So, the commander thought that Paul must be the guy.

He said basically, “No, I’m an educated Jew.”

The crowd was so crazy, so mad that the soldiers had to pick him up and carry him to the temple steps to address the crowd.

So, the crowd quieted (wow), and he addressed them in the local language (after he’d spoken to the commander in Greek) – Hebrew Aramaic.

“Brothers, and fathers,….”

He’s putting himself on their side (he’s one of them). He recalled his birth, his upbringing, his training. This helps us understand the NT writings more completely – he also gives some of his background in the epistles he wrote.

He was a Jew – a highly educated Jew. He knew Greek, the Greek OT – he’d been educated in Tarsus, outside of Judea.

In Acts 23, Paul’s sister and nephew lived in Jerusalem – he was brought up there, and he’d studied under Gamaliel? A high ranking Pharisee.

Long before, the apostles were arrested, jailed, then rescued by an angel (and earthquake), then they’d gone back into the temple to preach, arrested again, and sent to the Sanhedrin to testify. Gamaliel then said basically, “If this is of men, it will pass. If this is of God, nothing we do can stop them and you will be found to be fighting against God.” So they beat the apostles, but let them go. They carried on preaching and teaching.

Paul had studied the Torah under him.

Paul was an A+ student – he was the “top of his class.” The best of the best, thoroughly trained in the law. He told the listeners on the temple steps – “I was just as zealous as you.” But after his conversion, he didn’t put any weight in this emotional zeal. What’s more important is grace, the gospel, the good news – not self-righteous holier-than-thou-isms.

John 3:16

Paul realized then the truth of that verse. He no longer put confidence in observing the traditions of his Jewish community. But, he still could practice them as part of his cultural heritage.

1 Corinthians 9 “I became a Jew, that I might win Jews. I put myself under the Law (though I’m not under the Law), to win those under the Law (and Christ is the end of the Law).”

Paul wanted to:

  1. Affirm his Jewishness
  2. Prove his zealousness
  3. He was speaking their language
  4. He studied under their famous teacher

The crowd would have been able to check with the Council about his former jobs – finding letters from the Council about how he once persecuted and imprisoned the Gentiles Christians.

He’s doing everything he can here to show that HE IS ONE OF THEM.

But now he has to explain WHY he changed so dramatically.

He went into his conversion story – along the road to Damascus.

We can see from Paul’s story how Jesus related himself to the church – “when you persecute the church, you persecute me.”

This is the second account of Paul’s conversion experience (three total – that he adjusts depending on his audience).

He describes that Ananias, a well-respected, law-abiding citizen had healed him. Then Ananias gave Paul his commission. “God has chosen you to (1) know his will, (2) see the Righteous One, (3) hear words from his mouth.”

Moses had asked God, “If I go to your people and say that you sent me, what shall I say to them?”

God says, “Tell them, I AM what I am.” Paul is similar.

Paul explains how Ananias urged him to get up and get baptized, repent, turn to Christ, change his life – he did.

Afterward, he returned to Jerusalem. The apostles were wary of him, worried about this guy – Barnabas helped convince them to take him in. Paul later met some very zealous Jews who were plotting to kill him. Then, God said, “Go to the Gentiles.”

After that word “Gentiles” the Jews started to riot again. They didn’t want the gospel to be so “easy” for them – by faith? Ha! No way. Faith alone is too easy.

The riot erupts, the commander was listening – not understanding Aramaic, took Paul into the temple to scourge him (like Jesus – Passion of the Christ). Many people who were whipped by them were crippled for life or killed just from the whipping.

Then, Paul asked “Huh? I’m a Roman yo!”

Commander, “What? Ooops. Now how’s about that? I paid a ton of money for my citizenship.”

You could pay for it, do a government service, or…be born into it (like Paul). Paul’s father was a Roman – this was a highly prized commodity in those days. He’s almost flogged him, he’s put him in chains – that’s serious business for this commander.

He realizes that the Jews are complaining about something in their religion.

And so, the saga continues.

Paul claims his civil rights (he might not have survived a Roman flogging).

Ananias had asked Paul earlier, “What are you waiting for? Get up, be baptized, have your sins forgiven.”

Maybe the Holy Spirit is asking you the same, “What are you waiting for? Call on my name.”

  • Feb 24 / 2013
  • Comments Off on The Reality of Christ’s Resurrection (John 21:1-14)
John: The Book of Life, Pastor Heo, Sermons

The Reality of Christ’s Resurrection (John 21:1-14)

02.24

02.24.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

According to verse 14, this is Jesus’ third appearance to his disciples – this time at the Sea/Lake of Tiberias/Galilee.

After his resurrection, Jesus had made at least 6 appearances in or around Jerusalem. After those, the disciples returned to Galilee. In this region, Jesus also appeared several times (to 500 brothers, to James’ brother, to 7 disciples – Peter, Didymus, Nathanael, sons of Zebedee, 2 others). First, he appeared in Jerusalem, then in Galilee. 

Before his death, he told them that he’d meet them at an appointed place in Galilee, but they had remained in Jerusalem out of fear. So, he appeared to the in Jerusalem first to encourage them.

Think about the emotions of the previous few weeks. The Triumphal entry into Jerusalem as a king, the Last Supper with strange actions and words, the disappearance of Judas (one of them), the appearance of hundreds of soldiers in the Garden on that night, and all of them scattered, and Peter denied Christ three times, Jesus was crucified like a common criminal, then buried, then AMAZING resurrection. ALL of this happened over the course of just a FEW weeks.

What were they supposed to do?
They did return to Galilee, but they didn’t know what to do next. So they decided to return to their old jobs, their old lifestyles – fishing. 

v. 1-3 They went fishing, but caught nothing.

Until 3 years ago, when they met Jesus, they were fishermen – and Jesus had called them and said, “I’ll make you fishers of men.”

Then when they met Christ, they were transformed from fishermen to fishers of men. Now, even in this short time, when they were far away from Jesus in spirit and in body, they returned to their old lives and occupations. Fishing is not bad, not sin. But spiritually, there are at least 2 important lessons.

#1 – Whatever your job was before you met Christ, you were a “fisherman/woman.”

NOW, after meeting Christ, you are a “fisher OF men/women.” So, when we were outside of Christ, our main target was STUFF – titles, TVs, praise, etc. NOW, IN Christ, our target is SOULS of men, spiritual beings.

There is a difference between the jobs (actions) of the two. Fishermen catch living things from the water, pull them out and kill them. Fishers of men catch dead spirits and pull them into Christ’s kingdom and he makes them alive forever. 

#2 – We must be very careful not to return to our OLD selves and lives.

True, justification is once for all, eternal life can never be lost – the moment you accepted Jesus as personal Savior and Lord, we were saved from the penalty and punishment of sin. But, now as we are in these bodies, we are CONTINUALLY being saved (from temptation, sin, etc). Therefore, the Bible encourages us who are saved, to work out our salvation with fear and trembling (Paul’s letter to…) Be alert, be self-controlled, pray continually (Thess), do not give your enemy a foothold, for the enemy is prowling around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour (Peter’s epistle?).

To continue walking with Christ, we must be focused. To fall into sin, it takes only a moment. 

Illustration: To drive to Seoul safely, it takes 3 hours – continual focus and carefulness, but a car accident takes only a moment of carelessness.

Jesus is so faithful in keeping his promises. 

He chose them (chose us).

v. 4-6

The good news is, Jesus never criticized them for going fishing. They worked hard, all night, together, but the result = NOTHING. Their nets were empty.

Luke 5 – similar story – when they met Jesus for the first time, they experienced a similar experience. Jesus was standing on the shore (the same place, by the sea of Galilee). So many people were crowded around him listening to him, and Jesus noticed two boats around him, and got into Peter’s boat and asked him to set out from the shore. From there, he taught to the people on the shore. After that, he said to Simon Peter, put out your net into the deep water and catch something. Peter said, “All night we worked, and caught nothing, but because you said to, we will again.” They did, and the catch was so huge, that the nets began to break and they called the other boat. The two boats began to sink. Peter knelt down, “Oh, Lord, go away from me, I’m a sinful man.” (Christ is too holy, Peter is too unholy) Christ said, “Do not be afraid, from this time on you will catch men.” And they left everything and followed him.

Now, here there’s the similar story.

Jesus was not a fisherman, but they were PROS from that area, – they knew the best when, where, what, how in the Lake of Galilee, but their efforts produced nothing.

Have you ever experienced TOTAL FAILURE in your work, ministry, parenting, relationship, marriage? If you FAIL on your own, we can experience great SUCCESS in Jesus. If we feel EMPTY, he is ABUNDANT. If we are WEAK, he is SUPER-POWERFUL.

The condition is Absolute, Unconditional Obedience. This alone produces miracles.

The action of throwing nets into the water, on the right side of the boat was NOT what caused the blessing, but it was OBEDIENCE to Christ’s words that caused the blessing.

We can experience miracles like this as well if we obey Jesus – because we understand his words. If we do so because we think his words are reasonable, that’s not true (full of faith) obedience. We obey because of who He IS, not because of how reasonable His words sound.

v 7-14

(153 fish? What’s the significance? Some sort of secret spiritual thing? NO. It just provides evidence that this is an ACTUAL historical event)

First, to our sadness, they didn’t know that it was Jesus. They didn’t recognize him as Lord. We don’t know why, but we can guess. (Possibly because of the distance – 90m, or because of the lack of light, mist on the water, their strong concentration on fishing, doubt about Jesus resurrection, no expectation of his appearance there). At first, they didn’t recognize him.

How about us?

Sometimes, are you involved in some things that you think Jesus appearance or presence would be unlikely?

Jesus appeared to them at very unlikely times, in very unlikely places – while walking, in a locked room, morning, lunch, evening – in anything and everything they were doing. 

The last verse in Matthew “Behold, I am always with you even to the very end of the age.” 

Be honest before God now. In your daily steps and walking, when in your bed, bathroom, office, school, fights, do you feel, do you recognize Jesus appearance in that situation? Recognition of Jesus’ appearance as King of Kings, Lord of Lords – a realization of Jesus appearance = the Christian life in this world.

If you have no recognition of Jesus in your daily life (though you claim to be Christian) then you are a Practical Unbeliever.

At this time, the tired, frustrated, hungry disciples, needed encouragement and direction – so Jesus came to them and made his appearance known to them. 

So Jesus provided them with everything that they needed. 

  • He provided a fire – they were cold from fishing all night on the sea.
  • He provided food – they were hungry and tired.
  • He provided a warm heart and welcome invitation – they were frustrated and discouraged.

Still now, Jesus is available and ready and prepared for us. He has a gracious and welcome invitation to us.

Sometimes, are you discouraged in your work (even ministry)? Jesus wants to provide to us sustenance and comfort and fellowship like this – He is the same yesterday, today, and forever. He wants to provide peace, eternal life. Still now, He says, “Come to me, all who are burdened and heavy-laden…Peace I give to you, my peace I leave with you…”

Galatians “It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. So do not be burdened again by a yoke of slavery.”

His job to appear to us and provide for us, and welcome us is still going on today.

May God bless us all with Jesus appearance.

  • Feb 17 / 2013
  • Comments Off on The Temple and the Turmoil (Acts 21:20-40)
Acts: The Church Grows, Pastor Brian, Sermons

The Temple and the Turmoil (Acts 21:20-40)

02.17

02.17.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

Previously, the Christians had heard that the Christians here (in Jerusalem) were in dire straits and needed money, so he’d gone to the churches and collected an offering for them. Now, they’ve returned with the money.

Paul had been received by the Christians in other cities with joy, he’d given his testimony of God’s grace and guidance, he’d told them of the signs and wonders and Holy Spirit working during the Gentiles, and they were amazed.

While Paul had been away from Jerusalem, there arose a public relations problem. The Jews accepted that God had blessed Paul in his ministry, but there arose many rumors (that most believed) that Paul was preaching against the Jews and their heritage. So, a solution was agreed upon to help Paul “keep face” in front of the Jews. There were 4 Christians who had taken a Nazarite vow (described in the OT). So, to make things easier to be received by the Jews and the Christians, they asked Paul to partake in a “cleansing ceremony.” Since, he’d been living with the Gentiles, he was technically considered “dirty.” Also, he would pay the expenses of these 4 Christians who’d taken the Nazarite vow. This was supposed to prove and demonstrate that he hadn’t turned from his Jewish faith.

He hadn’t preached against circumsicion (for example), he’d had Timothy circumcised in order to let him enter the temples they went to (Timothy was a half-Jew). Paul was not against keeping the Jewish feasts, he’d also taken a Nazarite vow. He’d kept all the laws of the Jews, but did not impose them on the Gentiles. He understood that all this “ceremony” and “religiosity” was not enough to save you – it’s what’s in the heart that matters. So, he didn’t want to impose these things against the Gentiles.

Previously in Acts 15, the Jews had agreed (as a public relations thing) to hold the Gentiles to only 5 requirements – including no sexual immorality, not eating meat with blood in it, etc. If the Gentiles followed these things, the Jews were free to have fellowship with them. And now here, they are trying to reinforce these things in Jerusalem to show that Paul is remaining consistent with his vows and heritage.

Here also, they want to affirm a connection with Paul and the mission to the Gentiles, and they want to show that Paul is still 100% Jew. So, they began the process and Paul headed off to the temple to take care of all these things. But…it backfired.

The Jews from Asia (up for Pentecost) saw Paul in the temple (they were probably from Ephesus) – where he’d received a negative reaction to his teaching. And they said, “Hey, this is the dude who’s hating on us!” And they accused him of (even *gasp*) bringing a Gentile into the inner temple – super un-holy and sinful action. This was punishable by death. And this is one of the things the Romans allowed the Sanhedrin to carry out on anyone who did it.

So, here they accuse Paul of doing that.

“He’s a hater! He’s defiled the temple!”

The police (temple) shut the door and put him out. He was an apostle, now considered an apostate (someone who turns from sound doctrine of faith). And they started beating him.

But, word came to the Roman centurion who was stationed near there – the Romans had set this up on purpose because there were TONS of riots there, especially during their holy feasts (ironic isn’t it?). So, immediately the commander went down and arrested the obvious center of attention.

They bound him with two chains, he was spared from being beaten to death (but was probably bloodied and black-eyed). Now, though, they wonder why he’s been beaten.

The commander thought he was an Egyptian terrorist (who led 4,000 revolutionaries into the desert – the revolution had been put down, but the leader had escaped). So, he was surprised to hear him speak in Greek (a “smart-guy” language) and not in Egyptian (a lower language). Now, Paul tells where he’s from (a reputable city) and that he’s a reputable citizen. Then, he asks permission to address the raving mob that tried to kill him.

So, in order to prevent the mob from killing him, they lift him up and carry him to the stairs. Now, he will address the crowd in Aramaic (the common tongue). Wow! Surprising! This guy’s smart!

Now, he gets his chance to explain why he is a missionary to the Jews and Gentiles (next time).

But, here we can see how God has kept his hand on Paul, throughout.

When we think about the roots of our own (Gentile) Christianity, we can only thank God for his provision. This man had originally fought against the Christians, but through his encounter with Jesus, he realized that the LAW was only a tool to point to Jesus and the LAW doesn’t save ultimately. Jesus is the embodiment and fulfillment of the LAW.

We can only be very thankful for Paul and his beatings, sufferings, willingness to suffer for Christ

Next, in Acts 22, the commander will command that Paul be beaten (similar to Jesus’ experience it seems) because that was just “the thing to do” to calm the crowd.

Paul asks, “Are you sure you want to do that? I’m one of you guys! A Roman!”
“Whaaaaaaa? Really?”

They send word to the commander about it.

Paul’s father had been a Roman citizen, so he’d inherited Roman citizenship naturally. And actually, the commander himself was probably originally Greek – he had NOT gained citizenship through heritage…

The lesson there:
While in England, there was a terrible tragedy in India – there was a time of feast, and 1000s of people had gone to the river Gangez to be cleansed of their sins – but there were so many that went, they trampled others. These people were trying to “buy” salvation – these false teachings from the Hindu leaders were leading them into a frenzy and leading them astray. There are many others who try to “buy” or “earn” their ways into salvation (as this Roman commander had “bought” his citizenship). But, ultimately, we must all be “BORN” into our citizenship and salvation (as Paul was “born” into his Roman citizenship). As Jesus says, “You must be born again.”

Q: Have you been born again? As a citizen of heaven?

How can we? We hear the gospel. John 3:16 – Faith comes by hearing the Word (Romans) – and then we look to Jesus (not to our works and deeds, not to the River Gangez).

Have you been born again?

Here’s a short prayer – not sure? Examine yourself to see if you’re in the faith. In sincerity, repent of your sins, ask Jesus to come and live in your life and heart. And strive to follow him wholeheartedly and obey his commands “Whoever loves me keeps my commands.” And all heaven rejoices.

Lord,

I repent, cleanse me, come into my life, I receive you, hold me until eternity, justify me, sanctify me. Amen.

  • Feb 10 / 2013
  • Comments Off on The Transforming Power of Christ’s Resurrection! (John 20:19-31)
John: The Book of Life, Pastor Heo, Sermons

The Transforming Power of Christ’s Resurrection! (John 20:19-31)

02.10

02.10.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

Challenge: Memorize verse 31

Our Lord Jesus rose from the dead

actually, really, historically.

This is not the story of recovering from fainting (as Muslims believe).

This was actual, real, true death. So, it is actual, real, true resurrection. 

The word that he rose began to spread among his disciples – first hesitantly, then enthusiastically.

At first, they didn’t believe the first reports, but as they were continually confronted with the evidence, they believed, and there was very evident and powerful change in their lives. Still today, we can personally experience the same kinds of transformation and powerful change.

So, ask yourself, “Have I personally met the Risen Lord? Has He changed my life personally? and powerfully?”

At least 5 appearances recorded here.

  1. 1. First to Mary Magdalene on the day,
  2. 2. Then to other women
  3. 3. Then to Peter
  4. 4. Then to other disciples on the way to Emmaus (”what are you talking about?” “Dont’ you know, haven’t you heard? Jesus – there is talk he rose from the dead.” Then, their eyes were opened and they recognized him, and he disappeared.)
  5. 5. This now is the fifth appearance after his resurrection (”On that day…” there were 10 disciples (no Thomas and no Judas Iscariot)).

This is Jesus’ fifth appearance on that day of his resurrection. 10 disciples were in one room, in fear of the Jews, so they locked the doors. Why were they afraid? 

After his resurrection, the Jews, elders, leaders, gathered together and made a bad plan – they gave lots of money to the soldiers to tell an untrue story about the theft of Jesus body. 

At that time, there was NEWS that Jesus rose from the dead, and RUMOR that his disciples stole the body. If they were caught, they would be arrested.

Jesus appeared to them and they were overjoyed. Jesus transformed them from fear to overjoyed, from cowardice to courage.

Some things prove that Jesus rose bodily. “I have flesh and bones.” Also, the women touched his feet. The tomb was empty and the grave clothes in order. Many things prove that he rose in a BODY. (Jehovah’s Witnesses believe he DIDN’T have a body, but a spiritual resurrection)

He rose with an eternal, immortal body – this body is NOT like our bodies. This body is still inhabited by him 2,000 years later – it has not decayed. 

Romans 6:9 “We know that since he was raised from the dead, he cannot die again. Death no longer has mastery over him.”

So, HOW did he transform their lives from fear to joy, from cowardice to courage?

1. Jesus came to them.

His appearance alone made them overjoyed.

2. Then, he greeted and blessed them.

“Peace be with you.” (Shalom) He did not rebuke them for their unfaithfulness and cowardice from the previous week (when he was crucified). “Peace be with you.” is repeated 3 times here.

“Peace be with you, my peace I give to you. I do not give as the world gives…”

He first gives PEACE. He himself is our peace.

3. He reassured them. (v. 20)

He showed them his hands and his side. He reassured them. They let them discover that this was the REAL Savior, the REAL Jesus. His wounds were more than just his identification, but also evidence of the price he paid for us. “By his wounds we are healed.”

We must know that the basis for ALL our peace is found in the person and work of Jesus Christ through his death and resurrection. Still, he comes to us in grace, and reassures us with his Words. 

Even though the door was locked, we must realize that there is NO safe place – without Jesus. Only IN Christ, there is perfect safety and peace (physically and spiritually).

4. He commissioned them (v. 21).

“As the Father has sent me, I am sending you.”

What grace! What amazing grace! What an amazing privilege and great responsibility! 

Can you imagine? They had deserted him and fled as he died, but now immediately after his resurrection, he sends them out into this world. 

In his intercessory prayer in chapter 17, “As you have sent me into the world, I am sending them into the world.”

This is the dedication, commitment, of real Christians to the task of world evangelism.

Jesus reconciled us to himself through his death and resurrection, and then gives us his ministry to be ambassadors to the world. 

(Corinthians)

5. Jesus empowered (enabled, anointed) them with the Holy Spirit.

He breathed on them (reminds me of God breathing on Adam – Genesis 2:7 – this was the breath of Life) and gave them the Holy Spirit.

  • In his first Creation, the breath of God = physical life.
  • In his new Creation, the breath of God = spiritual life. 

They would then receive the baptism of the HS at Pentecost. Without the HS, we cannot go out and fulfill his commission. “When the HS comes upon you, you will receive power…”

The HS is essential for us to do God’s job in this world.

6. Jesus gave them the authority of forgiveness. (reminds me of Catholic confessionals)

Jesus says, “if you forgive anyone their sins, they are forgiven, if not, they are not forgiven.” 

Jesus gives us the message of forgiveness, real forgiveness can only be found by accepting Jesus as personal Lord. Imagine if we do not preach this message of forgiveness, they cannot hear it, if they don’t hear it, they cannot believe, if they don’t believe, God cannot forgive them. 

We have received the MESSAGE of forgiveness, but NOT God’s own authority to forgive.

If we preach this message and they receive Christ and God’s forgiveness through him, THEN we can authoritatively declare them ARE forgiven.

God transforms them in 6 steps.

  1. He came
  2. He greeted and blessed
  3. He reassured
  4. He commissioned
  5. He gave authority of message of forgiveness…

We can see his next appearance one week later. 

We don’t know what happened between the weeks, but we know what happened one week later. (Thomas wasn’t there the first week, they told him “We saw Him!” but he said, “I won’t believe unless my eyes also witness this.” A week later, Thomas was with them, and Jesus came, transforming power again. “Stop doubting and believe.” Thomas believed, Jesus said, “Blessed are those who have not seen, yet have believed.”)

One week later, the disciples were meeting (was this their worship time? or just meeting?)

Jesus said again, “Peace be with you.”

Main character here is Thomas.

One week previously, he was not there. Maybe one week ago, he was busy, far away, didn’t know about the disciples’ meeting, maybe discouraged or disappointed to join. 

Thomas missed much blessing – because of only one week.

He missed seeing the Lord and receiving the blessing, the gift of HS, the commission, the message of forgiveness. 

He missed this blessing for one full week.

The others received this one week ago.

So, Thomas had to suffer for one week of doubting, skepticism. 

But Jesus transformed him from hiding to confession, from doubting to belief, from skepticism to faith. 

“Didymus” means “twin.”

Spiritual meaning today = there are many twins of Thomas today.

Today’s Christians ask not to miss Christian community and fellowship, especially on the Lord’s day.

If we miss Christian community, we never know what kinds of special blessings we might miss.

If we miss this community, this day, today, we will miss it for at least one week. So, we should come every week. ^^

If we are alone, separated, isolated from fellowship, we are weak and weaker, but when we are together, we get strong and stronger. Hebrews 10:25 “Let us not give up meeting together as some are in the habit of doing. But let us encourage one another and all the more as you see the Day approaching.”

  • Ephesians 2:20 “because we know that in Christ we are being renewed and built together to dwell in the house of God.”
  • Ephesians (we are being built together to live as a dwelling for God and his Spirit)
  • Eph 2:20 “In Him you too are being built to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit.”

We must do all we can to build together, edify together, fellowship together.

In AICF, our lives are very movable. We are pilgrims in this world. But if you move, the FIRST thing you should do is pray to God for faithful guidance to find a faithful community.

To worship God is our basic blessing (and basic burden). Not only right, also duty. Privilege and responsibility.

Conclusion:

The disciples had seen the Lord and believed. They were not saved by seeing. They were saved by believing. They saw, but we cannot see. We have the record, the message. “Faith comes from hearing.” (Romans?)

The main purpose this book is written is so that we may have life. 

What kind of life? ALL kinds

abundant, heavenly, glorious, wonderful, spiritual, life.

The whole Bible is full of life which can be found in Jesus.

  • Jesus said, “You study the Scriptures diligently because you believe that by them you possess eternal life. But these are the Scriptures that testify about me.”
  • John 1:1 “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God…the darkness has not understood it.”
  • “I am the way the truth and the life.”
  • “I have come that they may have life and have it to the full.”
  • 1 John 5:11 (Conclusion)
  • “And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.”

Jesus is the same yesterday, today, and forever. What does this mean? It means that this Jesus 2,000 years ago, who transformed the men from fear to joy, from death to life, from cowardice to courage, is STILL transforming US in this way today – from frustration to peace, etc. And uses us to deliver his message of transforming power to others.

Let’s pray.

  • Feb 03 / 2013
  • Comments Off on Where is Jesus Now Who is Alive? (John 20:1-18)
John: The Book of Life, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Where is Jesus Now Who is Alive? (John 20:1-18)

02.03

02.03.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

Early on the first day of the week (Sunday)

Actually, Sunday worship began BECAUSE of this event. Previously, Jewish worship was on Saturday (the Sabbath).

This is GOOD NEWS! That’s why this is one of the gospels. Gospel = “good news.”

Mary Magdalene was one woman who followed Jesus to the cross, and saw him die, and watched where he was buried.

She was from Magdala (town name) near Galilee. She was a woman from whom Jesus had cast out 7 demons. So, she was obviously quite thankful to Jesus for that.

She followed him to Jerusalem, and helped him in his earthly ministry, and provided some financial help. 

Now, because of the short interim between Jesus’ death and the coming of the Sabbath, the women at the cross didn’t have enough time to anoint his body with spices. So, because of the Sabbath, they had to go home to rest (from Friday sunset – Jesus’ death, to Saturday sunset – end of the Sabbath). Then, the next day, Sunday, they came early to the tomb to anoint his body – they couldn’t wait any longer to anoint him for death (but they were good Jews following the Sabbath, so they couldn’t go Saturday).

When they arrived, there was a violent earthquake and the stone rolled away from the tomb. They were obviously alarmed. But a young man (angel) said, “Do not be afraid. Jesus is gone. Go to Galilee and meet Jesus!” But, the women couldn’t understand fully this testimony, so they went to Peter and John and said, “They took away our Lord, we don’t know where they put him.” This caused sudden and intense action from the disciples. They raced to the tomb (John was younger, he won). John did not enter the tomb, just bent over and looked inside. He saw the cloths lying there. He was likely thinking logically and reasonably. 

Then, when Peter arrived, he suddenly, unthinkingly entered the tomb (he’s a man of action). And he noticed the cloths were folded up nicely and neatly.

  • In this story, Mary was “feeler”
  • Peter was “doer”
  • John was “thinker”

Mary was too sorrowful to think and believe.

Peter was too busy to think and believe.

But, finally, John went inside, he saw and believed. (He thought deeply, logically, systematically). 

  1. There was a violent earthquake.
  2. The tomb opened.
  3. Jesus was not there.
  4. The cloths were there.
  5. The cloths were folded in order, nicely and neatly. (Did you fold your blanket this morning?)

If we think about this logically, this event CANNOT be logically explained WITHOUT the resurrection of Jesus. 

So, Peter and John returned to their homes, but Mary stayed, crying, she bent over and looked in again. Two angels appeared again, one at the head, one at the feet. “Woman, why are you crying?”

Then, at that time, Jesus, who rose from the dead appeared to Mary, but Mary didn’t realize it was Jesus because her continual crying blinded her – so she couldn’t recognize him.

He said, “Woman, why are you crying?”
She thought he was the gardener, so asked for Jesus’ body if he’d carried him away. 

At that time, Jesus called her by name, “Mary.”

At that moment, she was so surprised that this man knew her name, so she turned and recognized him and called him, “My Master! (Rabboni)” 

Her immediate reaction was to grab him and hug him. 

He said, “Wait, I’m busy, I must return to God my Father. So, you have a mission, to go to the disciples and tell them.”

So, she went to the disciples and told them “I have seen the Lord.”
This is the very first preaching of the gospel, the good news.

In the matter of Jesus, Mary had at least 3 Guiness World Records.

  1. The FIRST person at the tomb
  2. The FIRST person who saw him AND the FIRST person Jesus called by name
  3. The FIRST person who delivered the gospel message to the apostles. (She was sent as an apostle to the apostles)

Jesus’ death and resurrection is of paramount importance for several reasons.

#1: This is the fundamental doctrine of Christianity

(if you don’t believe this ONE thing AT LEAST, you aren’t a Christian). The whole Bible, the whole faith, the whole Christian life stands or falls on this one point. If it’s not true, everything is vain, a lie, futile. Also, we are still in our sins, all Christians are lost, and most to be pitied of ALL men in the world. (1 Corinthians 15).

The heart message of the gospel is Jesus’ death and resurrection. 

Have you ever been in another religion before? Or do you know of the big differences between other religions and Christianity?

Other religions keep silent about the death of their founders (plus, ALL the founders have MASSIVE tombs that are visited every year by millions of followers on pilgrimage).

But, Christianity ALWAYS preaches about our founder’s death! We boldly BOAST in his death! Why? Because he IS NOT dead! He is Risen!

#2: This is an essential part in the application of our salvation.

Romans 10:9 “If you confess with your mouth Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.”

“Since we have been justified in his death, how much more will we be saved in his life?”

Salvation is provided, offered to ALL humans unconditionally in his death.

But it is applied in his death ONLY to those who believe in him.

(Unlimited Limited Atonement)

It was necessary that he must die and rise again in order to 1. Be a King, 2. give us forgiveness, 3. give us the Holy Spirit

#3: This is a manifestation of divine power

  • In OT, the standard for divine power was the Exodus, the power in which God brought Israel out of Egypt.
  • In NT, the standard for divine power was the resurrection of Jesus – it demonstrated his holiness.

Also, this divine power is available for us if we belong to Jesus. 

Romans 8:11 “And If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, He who raised Him to life will give eternal life to our mortal bodies.”

Jesus goal, vision, dream is to raise us in the Last Day – those who believe in him.

So, if we summarize the whole story of the Bible in the very shortest sentence…

OT: (John 5:39) “You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by the Scriptures, you receive eternal life. But these Scriptures are the Scriptures that testify about ME.” From Genesis to Revelation, ALL testify to Jesus.

So, OT from Genesis to Malachi, this is the Prophecy of the Death and Resurrection of Jesus.

  • NT from Matthew to John = the Historical Facts of the Death and Resurrection
  • Acts = The Fruit of the Death and Resurrection
  • Epistles (Letters) = Spiritual meaning, blessing, interpretation of Death and Resurrection
  • Revelation = the Prophecy of the Returning King
  1. Historical Fact = Jesus died and rose again
  2. Historical Faith = Jesus is still alive now
  3. Saving Faith = Jesus is still alive now IN ME (as my Savior, as my Lord, as my King)

God has given Jesus the name that is above all names so that at his name, every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord (Revelation?)

This vision of God will be fulfilled absolutely, unconditionally.

Do you kneel down and confess that Jesus is Lord? If we do this now, here, in this lifetime, we will experience eternal blessing and life.

But, if we do NOT do that and do not confess, then we have to do that in the world to come, in Hell, eternally. 

Let me close with that vision of God.

This is God’s absolute vision in the matter of Jesus’ Lordship – it will be fulfilled absolutely

Philippians 2:9-11 “Therefore, God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above all names, that at his name every knee shall bow and every tongue confess, on the Earth, above the Earth, below the Earth, that Jesus is Lord. 

Do you believe that there is the glory of God even in Hell? There is.

  • If we do this on Earth, we will forever in heaven as well.
  • If we do not do this on Earth, we will forever in hell anyway.

God bless us all with this word.

  • Jan 27 / 2013
  • Comments Off on It Is Finished! (John 19:28-42)
John: The Book of Life, Pastor Heo, Sermons

It Is Finished! (John 19:28-42)

01.27

01.27.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

Do you like Jesus’ death?

As a Christian, what do you believe, or what can you say about the death of Jesus Christ?

If you are a Sunday school teacher / evangelist / missionary, what will you teach/preach about the death of Christ?

For humans, usually death is sorrowful news, there is no more work to be done.

But, in the case of Jesus, it is “good news of great joy for all the people, for all time.”

Good news of the gospel is the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Without the death and resurrection, the gospel cannot be gospel.

Jesus’ death is a great work, the greatest work.

It didn’t come unavoidably, but by his definite choice according to his own purpose. 

  • “It is finished.” in Greek is only one word.
  • “It is accomplished. All is paid.” etc.

This is one of 7 sentences he spoke at the cross.

  1. “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”
  2. “I tell you the truth, today, you will be with me in paradise.” (Even at the point of death can you also preach to save souls as he did?)
  3. “Dear woman, this is your son.” To John, “This is your mother.”
  4. “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
  5. “I’m thirsty.” (literal thirst)
  6. “It is finished.” (all is done)
  7. “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.”

It is finished = with my death, I do all things I’ve wanted to do for all eternity for all men (in the past, in the future)

Actually, our whole lives are not long enough to fully meditate on the death and meaning of Jesus’ death.

6 Spiritual Meanings.

#1: Substitution 

He did not bear his own sins, but substituted himself for our sins. Numerous scriptures say, “Jesus died for you…for others…for us.”

  • Isaiah 53:5-6 “Christ was pierced for our transgressions, crushed for our iniquities…by his wounds we are healed…we all like sheep have gone astray, each to his own way, but God laid on him the iniquity of us all.”
  • Romans 5:8 “God demonstrated his great love for us in this…”
  • 1 Corinthians 15 “What I received, I passed on to you as of first importance.”
  • 2 Corinthians 5 “God made him without sin to become sin for us.”
  • 1 Peter “God made him on the tree for us.”
  • 1 Peter 3 “Jesus died for us all to bring us to God (once for all).”

There is no question Jesus died as our SUBSTITUTION – for our sins.

#2: Ransom (Redemption)

Literal meaning = an amount of money paid to set someone free (prisoner, kidnapped)

Redemption = deliverance of that prisoner to freedom.

Jesus death is our ransom price for deliverance from death to life, from child of Satan to child of God, from hell to heaven, from condemnation to forgiveness, from bondage of sin to freedom of truth, from Old Creation to New Creation. 

Jesus already paid the whole price to get us as a child of God.

“You are not your own, you were bought at a price, therefore, honor God with your bodies.” (Romans?)

If we try to please ourselves, we are bad men, because we were already bought.

What must we pay to buy salvation? You cannot because it is too late. Already 2000 years ago, Jesus paid the full price. 

How much must we pay? You cannot because it is too expensive, far beyond your ability to pay. 

The price of salvation is priceless.

“The value of one soul is more valuable than the whole universe.”
“I did not come to be served, but to serve and to give my life as a ransom for all.”

Galation 3 “Christ became a curse for us to destroy the curse, for everyone who is hung on a tree is cursed.”
“It is not from gold or silver we are bought but with the precious blood of the Lamb of God.”

  • Ransom (cause)
  • Redemption (effect) 

#3: Propitiation (atoning sacrifice)

Literal meaning = covering or mercy seat or appeasing.

In the OT, the cover of the Ark of the Covenant (with 10 Commandments) was called the Mercy Seat (propitiation).

If there is something bad, dirty, etc, and I cover it, then I can no longer see it. 

The covering over us is Jesus’ death, is the propitiation for our sins so that God no longer sees the sins.

Appeasement = if someone is angry at me, and I relieve that anger by giving a gift, that is my propitiation. 

Propitiation removes God’s wrath from us.

How can God declare the unrighteous righteous? Are you righteous before God? Can you say you are a perfect man?

If you are, then God is no longer righteous.

Propitiation is when God declares the unrighteous righteous because he believes in Jesus and his death for our sins.

Romans 3:25-26 “God presented Jesus Christ as the propitiation for our sins.” (KJV)

“God presented Jesus Christ as the atoning sacrifice for our sins.” (NIV)

“because in his long suffering, he had left sins before Christ unpunished. He did this to be just and to justify the one who believes in Christ.”

1 John 2:2 “Jesus Christ is the propitiation for our sins and the sins of the whole world.”

#4: Reconciliation

The Bible encourages us and challenges us to be reconciled to God. 

First, enmity (enemies) and then reconciliation (friends again).

2 Corithians 5:17 “If anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation, the old has gone, the new has come.”

God reconciled all human beings through Christ. If we are reconciled, then we are given the message and ministry of reconciliation. 

The story of reconciliation goes like this:

At first, God and man stood face to face in fellowship with original koinonia (Genesis 1-2)

If God judged immediately because of human sin, there would be no more Bible because we fell in Genesis 3. So, the rest of the Bible is God’s pursuit of us to reconcile us and save us from condemnation.

  • At first, Adam and God could talk face to face, and listen to each other. 
  • Usually, sinful man does not like holy God. So, man turned away from God and walked away.
  • Also, holy God could not see sin, so turned away from man.

“The sinful mind is hostile to God, but Jesus Christ has fully satisfied the commands of God and has reconciled us to him.”

Still now, man is entreated, encouraged to be reconciled to God by believing in Jesus.

2 Corinthians 5:3 “Be reconciled to God.”

Without reconciliation with God, there is no reconciliation with yourself, with others, with your parents, children, spouse, friends.

The key to all reconciliation with anyone is first reconciliation with God.

“Jesus Christ is our peace who has made the two one and has destroyed the barrier between God and man.”

#5: Fulfillment (Satisfaction)

“It is finished.” “All is done.”

Jesus’ death is the fulfillment and satisfaction. His death is the fulfillment of God’s law, God’s justice, God’s holiness, God’s love, God’s prophecy, God’s covenant. 

  • In God’s law, sin must be paid by death. 
  • In God’s justice, must be punished.
  • In holiness, must be removed.
  • In love, must be forgiven and all things given up.
  • In prophecy, nothing must be left undone.
  • In covenant, all requirements must be met.

All these are met in death – perfectly in Jesus’ death.

“Do not think I have come to abolish the law or the Prophets, I have come to fulfill them.”

Romans “Jesus is the end of the law, the fulfillment of the law.”

#6: Our Story

  • Substitution
  • Ransom
  • Propitiation
  • Reconciliation
  • Fulfillment

All this mental agreement and mental knowledge is NOT enough to save us.

Even Satan knows and believes this and shudders. He knows and believes but is not saved, why? He does not commit his life to Christ.

Mental agreement is not enough.

#6 is our personal story, personal belief, personal relationship

Jesus’ death is MY death (personally).

Can you personally confess this? 

“Jesus’ death is MY death.”

Can you be united with Christ in his death, really, truly? This is the full truth of Jesus’ death from the text this morning.

Visible things are temporary, but invisible things are eternal. If we really have faith, we must be able to see things that are invisible.

  • Today, visibly, it looked like THEY killed him.
  • Invisibly, Jesus killed death, the final enemy.

Yes, we say, “Jesus died for me.”

This is the first step (confession).

Unbelievers never say this because they don’t believe – so they don’t confess the real meaning, effect, blessing. For them, this is resolved until they believe.

  • It looks (visibly) that Jesus died for me.
  • In reality (invisibly) we died with Christ 2000 years ago.

Where Were You When Jesus Was On the Cross? (last sermon)

Galatians “The life I live in the body I live by faith…”

Romans 6:6 “I was crucified with Christ so that the body of sin was done away with… 

This morning, did you see the sun in the sky?

It rises in the morning and sets at night – even the Bible expresses this. 

But in the invisible world, the sun is constant, and the EARTH is moving. But we do not feel it, do not see it.

Visibility doesn’t always equal reality.

The Christian life is union with Christ (first) in his death. Then, if you are really united with him in his death, then you can be (second) united with him in his resurrection. 

If you are not united with him in death, you cannot be united with him in resurrection, and nothing else that happens after (life, glory, etc).

But, if you are united with him in death, then you are also united with him in all things that come after.

Romans 6:4-5 “We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that just as Christ was raised from the dead for the glory of the father, we too may live a new life. If we have been united with him in his death, we will also certainly be united with him in his resurrection.”

Let’s stand and confess and proclaim.

  • If you do not believe, keep silent.
  • If you believe, open you heart and mouth.
  • Jan 20 / 2013
  • Comments Off on Where Were You When Christ Was on the Cross? (John 19:1-27)
John: The Book of Life, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Where Were You When Christ Was on the Cross? (John 19:1-27)

01.20

01.20.2013 Bulletin

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

Where were you spiritually when they crucified Christ?

We should be able to see not only Jesus on the cross, but also ourselves, our old selves.

Galatians “I was crucified with Christ…”

Romans 6:6 “We know that our old self was crucified with Jesus Christ that our old body of sin might be done away with so that we would no longer be slaves to sin.”

We should see not only Jesus, but also our own selves.

Romans 6:6 once more:

“For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body of sin might be done away with that we should no longer be slaves to sin.”

So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Listen