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  • Aug 02 / 2020
  • Comments Off on Three Judgments (1 Corinthians 4:1-5)
1 Corinthians: The Application of Christian Principles, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Three Judgments (1 Corinthians 4:1-5)

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Three Judgments

1 Corinthians 4:1-5 (Pastor Heo)

Apostles of Christ

1 So then, men ought to regard us as servants of Christ and as those entrusted with the secret things of God. 2 Now it is required that those who have been given a trust must prove faithful. 3 I care very little if I am judged by you or by any human court; indeed, I do not even judge myself. 4 My conscience is clear, but that does not make me innocent. It is the Lord who judges me. 5 Therefore judge nothing before the appointed time; wait till the Lord comes. He will bring to light what is hidden in darkness and will expose the motives of men’s hearts. At that time each will receive his praise from God.


If I ask, are you a slave? You may say, “NO!” But if I ask, are you a slave of Christ? You may answer differently. Are you happy or sad, joyful or sad?

If you are really a saved Christian, you are a slave to Christ.

In Greek, dulos = “slave”, servant is a “soft” interpretation. Directly at that time, it was dulos, which means slave. All saved Christians are slaves of Christ.

“I’m a slave of Christ.”

How can we be saved? We are saved by believing, accepting, confessing Jesus as Lord.

Acts 16:31 “Believe in the Lord Jesus and you will be saved.”

Romans 9:10 “If you confess with your mouth and believe in your heart, you will be saved.”

The fact that we are saved by accepting Jesus as our saving Lord means that we are saved by becoming his slave. This is very clear.

Before becoming slaves of Christ, we were slaves to sin. The slave market of sin is where humans are sold into slavery to sin. But Jesus bought us at a price from the slave market to be in service to him. We are therefore, serving slaves to Christ.

v. 1-2

“1 So then, men ought to regard us as servants of Christ and as those entrusted with the secret things of God. 2 Now it is required that those who have been given a trust must prove faithful.”

We are stewards – stewards are servants who manage everything for their master. We are entrusted the secret things of God. This is the church, and we are entrusted with the wealth, riches, of God, and the mysteries of God – the mystery of salvation for all the world through Jesus Christ. This secret cannot be comprehended by human wisdom / philosophy, so it has been entrusted to us as his servants, stewards, slaves. We are to proclaim and pronounce it wisely and faithfully.

Rev 2:10 “Be faithful even to the point of death, and I will give you the crown of life.”

He gave us this as a mandate.

As his servant / slave, we must make our master happy – please him.

  • Our main issue is not, “am I popular?”
  • but rather, “am I faithful to my Lord?”

We must remember that we are always being judged. (Do you recognize this fact?)

There is somebody around us, visible or invisible, who is judging, criticizing, evaluating, investigating us.

Today’s sermon: Three Judgments – we are living with 3 judgments around us all the time.

1 Man’s Judgment

Judged by our fellow man.

v. 3

“3 I care very little if I am judged by you or by any human court; indeed, I do not even judge myself.”

Paul did not get upset when others judged him because he knew that his Master’s judgment was far more important. Also today, we face judgment from other human beings.

The judgment of Man is imperfect, but sometimes, it is instinctively right. Everyone instinctively respects higher morals and ethics: honesty, etc.

But at the same time, we must not be troubled when others judge / criticize us. We must also not let the judgment of Man to deflect us from what we know is right.

In church, we must help / edify others to grow. When we judge others, we consider ourselves better – this is a sin of pride / arrogance.

Sermon on the Mount “Do not judge lest you be judged. With the measure you use, you also will be judged. How can you look at the speck in your brother’s eye, when there is a plank in your eye. You hypocrite! First, remove the plank from your own eye, and then you can see to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.”

Romans 14 “We are fellow servants.” (So who are we to judge our fellow servants?)

We must remember we are being judged by our fellow man. Yet, we also must be free from this judgment remembering that there will finally be a Final Judgment.

2 Self judgment

Have you experienced judging yourself?

v. 3

“3 I care very little if I am judged by you or by any human court; *indeed, I do not even judge myself.*”

We cannot escape our own self-judgment. There can be a fine line between a clear conscience and a self-righteous attitude.

Our own attitude can be clouded by self-justification, self-rationalization, pride, arrogance, bias.

Worldly wisdom and philosophy says, “Know thyself.” Do you know yourself? Really?

But although it is a simple question, it is a difficult job because we are not Creator, but creations. We can only know ourselves through Jesus Christ because he is our Lord, Master.

3 God’s Judgment

(Most important)

God is judging us today, but also there will be a Final Judgment. We cannot escape daily judgment, nor the Final Judgment. God bless you to be happy for the Final Judgment.

v. 4-5

“4 My conscience is clear, but that does not make me innocent. It is the Lord who judges me. 5 Therefore judge nothing before the appointed time; wait till the Lord comes. He will bring to light what is hidden in darkness and will expose the motives of men’s hearts. At that time each will receive his praise from God.”

At that time = Final Judgment

We can be happy because at that time we can receive our reward.

At the last analysis, this is the Final Judgment. Yes, God judges us every day through the ministry of the Holy Spirit.

Heb 4:12 “The Word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword…”

God’s judgment is final judgment for several reasons:

  1. Only God knows ALL circumstances – visible and invisible
  2. God will bring all hidden things to light

Imagine – if your spouse, child, knew EVERY thought and imagination, are you OK? or terrified? I’m not OK – but God knows all the struggles we have and all the secret mysteries we cannot say to others.

God knows what we might have been for better or for worse – he is the only one who knows ALL the facts and all the possibilities. He knows all Man’s motives and hidden things – he sees our heart, inward intention, hidden purpose.

  • Many actions that seem good and noble on the outside, may have been done from the most selfish, ignoble actions.
  • At the same time, things that look bad on the outside may have been done with good intentions.

God alone knows human hearts because he created human hearts.

Around us, many people try to create a lasting legacy on earth. Do you want to be remembered by Man? But what matters most is not what others say about our lives, but what God says about our lives.

All earthly achievement will pass away. All human records will fade away and be forgotten.

To leave an earthly legacy is a short-sighted goal. We are not put here on earth to be remembered by man, but to prepare for the Final Judgment of God.

v. 5

“5 Therefore judge nothing before the appointed time; wait till the Lord comes. He will bring to light what is hidden in darkness and will expose the motives of men’s hearts. At that time each will receive his praise from God.”

The last sentence = someday in the near future, we will stand before God face to face and God will do an audit / final account of our lives.

Romans “All human beings will stand before God’s Final Judgment and give an account of himself to God.”

When we stand at the Final Judgment before God, what kind of question will he ask us?

  • Are you a slave?
  • Are you a slave of Christ?

Like this, at the Final Judgment, when we stand before God, please remember that God will ask to each of us only one question.

Consider in your life now, what is the MOST important thing? Many things. But God will NEVER ask about our race, education, career, savings. He will only ask one question – don’t forget this one question – it is the final question we will meet face to face at the Final Judgment:

What did you do with Jesus Christ?

(Who was Jesus to you during your previous life on earth?)

What did you do for Christ with what I gave you?

We are stewards – managers. What did you do for Christ with what I gave you? What did you do with your life, time, resources, relationships, money, materials, gifts, talents?

To this question, our personal, individual, honest answer to this question will determine where we will live our eternity – not just 100 / 1000, 1 million, trillion years, but eternity.

Our honest answer will determine where we will spend our eternity. This is the message of the Bible given to us. God bless us to stand at the Final Judgment seat and receive a reward. There is no other way to stand before Christ.

“I am the Way, the Truth, the Life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”

“There is no other name given to men under heaven by which you must be saved.” (Acts)

Jesus’ name = “he saves his people from their sins.”

God bless you.

Let’s pray.

  • Jan 28 / 2018
  • Comments Off on Accept the One Whom our Lord Accepted (Romans 14:1-12)
Pastor Heo, Romans: The Righteousness of God, Sermons

Accept the One Whom our Lord Accepted (Romans 14:1-12)

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Accept the Ones Whom Our Lord Accepted

Romans 14:1-12 (Pastor Heo)

14:1 Accept him whose faith is weak, without passing judgment on disputable matters. 2 One man’s faith allows him to eat everything, but another man, whose faith is weak, eats only vegetables. 3 The man who eats everything must not look down on him who does not, and the man who does not eat everything must not condemn the man who does, for God has accepted him. 4 Who are you to judge someone else’s servant? To his own master he stands or falls. And he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand. 5 One man considers one day more sacred than another; another man considers every day alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. 6 He who regards one day as special, does so to the Lord. He who eats meat, eats to the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who abstains, does so to the Lord and gives thanks to God. 7 For none of us lives to himself alone and none of us dies to himself alone. 8 If we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. So, whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord. 9 For this very reason, Christ died and returned to life so that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living. 10 You, then, why do you judge your brother? Or why do you look down on your brother? For we will all stand before God’s judgment seat. 11 It is written: ” ‘As surely as I live,’ says the Lord, ‘every knee will bow before me; every tongue will confess to God.’ ” 12 So then, each of us will give an account of himself to God.


Bible says, “be completely humble, gentle, patient, very accepting of one another in love. Do you best to keep the unity of the Spirit of the bond of peace, because there is ONE body, ONE spirit, ONE faith, ONE baptism, ONE God, who is the Father of all – who is above all and in all and through all.” (Eph?)

Disunity is one of the greatest weapons Satan uses to destroy the body of Christ. This is one of the most common devices in church history. Almost EVERY church mentioned in the Bible had disunity. For example:

The Corinthian church

  • “I follow Peter”,
  • others, “I follow Paul”,
  • others “I follow Apollos”,
  • others, “I follow Christ” –
  • some were even suing each other.

Galatians – some were biting each other.

Even today we have some areas in our church that are not clearly defined in the Bible.

Antioch Church

A few years ago we know that Antioch Church experienced BIG disunity over the location of the main sanctuary (here or Chonbuk Uni). Some members left – but thankfully now, all matters all solved and we are growing.

Other examples:

Some people in church fight each other over small, simple things:

  • curtain color,
  • size of the pulpit,
  • position of the piano

Yes, just as fighting among children makes their parents sad, so fighting among church members makes God unhappy and Satan happy.

Today’s topic: “Accept the Ones whom our Lord Accepted”

It handles small topics:

  • food,
  • diet,
  • daily activities

Food sacrificed to idols

At that time, some members had very strong convictions about meat sacrificed to idols:

  • “I must stay away from this ‘dirty’ food.”

But others had the opposite conviction,

  • “No, idols are meaningless to this food. I can eat all things through Christ…”

Day of worship

Also some people thought certain days were more holy than other days

  • “Sunday is the most holy because Christ rose from the dead” –

others

  • “No, Saturday is the most holy because it’s the Sabbath and God rested” –

others

  • “No, Friday, because Christ was crucified for our sins on that day.”

Do you eat only veggies? Snake? Lion? Horse? Cow? Lamb?

Whatever your conviction – you are free to follow your own conviction – because this is NOT a matter of:

  • salvation
  • spirituality
  • maturity

This is just a collective, personal, cultural custom – or has its roots in these things. This is not about justification, salvation, sanctification.

Therefore, we should NOT despise others who have different opinions and convictions (about these small things) than we do.

There are 4 reasons why we should not judge other brothers and sisters in Christ.

Also, 4 reasons to accept our brothers and sisters in Christ.

  • Negatively: 4 reasons NOT to judge
  • Positively: 4 reasons TO accept our brothers & sisters in Christ
  1. To self: “Do not judge others.”
  2. To neighbor: “I accept you.”

Why NOT to judge

#1 We have NO PERMISSION from God to judge

“Do not judge” is not a suggestion from God, but a command of God. To judge others is to go against the command of our Lord.

Matt 7 “Do not judge, or you too will be judged. In the same way you will be judged, with the same measure you will be judged. Don’t look at the speck in his eye, but ignore the plank in your eye. How can you say, ‘Let me help you with that’ and ignore the plank in your own eye?”

What is a plank? The judgmental eye. If you have this kind of eye, you are carrying a plank in your eye.

Remember, we have no permission to judge others

#2 We have NO ABILITY / POWER to judge

What does this mean? To judge correctly, I must know perfectly and completely

  1. the MOTIVE someone is doing something –
  2. the REASON and
  3. also the PURPOSE –
  4. as well as the INFLUENCE
  5. and IMPACT his action has on others,
  6. including HOW his behavior will be JUDGED by GOD.

In order to judge fully and completely, we must be omniscient. Perfect in knowledge, understanding, insight, and wisdom. Only GOD is this.

We are limited in our understanding, time, space, knowledge, wisdom, etc.

Therefore, no one has the ability to judge.

#3 We have NO RIGHT to judge

To be qualified, we must be perfect, infallible, faultless, blameless, esp in our character – particularly in the area we judge others.

For example, if I want to judge others in the area of HONESTY, I must be perfectly honest – throughout the course of my life.

If I want to judge others in PRIDE, I must have been humble throughout the whole course of my life.

We must be perfect in our character and personality. But nobody is perfect.

Therefore, we have no RIGHT to judge others.

#4 We have NO AUTHORITY to judge

The authority to judge belongs to a judge (God is the ultimate judge).

To judge is a judge’s job – no one else carries this authority nor title. Raise you hand if there is a judge among us.

In the matter of spiritual things, nobody is a judge. We are all to be judged by God – the only, ultimate authority and judge over human life.

The title “judge” belongs to God alone.

Romans 2:1 “YOU therefore have no excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else. For wherever you pass judgment, you condemn yourself because you do the same things.”

James 4:11 “Brothers, do not slander one another. Anyone who speaks against his brother or judges him is speaking against the Law and judges him. When you judge the Law, you are not keeping it, but sitting in judgment only. There is only one lawgiver and judge who is able to save and destroy. Who are you to judge your neighbors?” (네가 뭔데?)

4 reasons to accept our brothers and sisters in Christ

Say one more time to your neighbor: “I accept you.”

  • Really? Do you really accept me?
  • Yes, I really accept you.

#1 BECAUSE GOD accepted him

v. 1-3

“Accept him whose faith is weak, without passing judgment on disputable matters. 2 One man’s faith allows him to eat everything, but another man, whose faith is weak, eats only vegetables. 3 The man who eats everything must not look down on him who does not, and the man who does not eat everything must not condemn the man who does, for God has accepted him.”

Conclusion in this passage:

  • Starting word: “Accept him”
  • Finishing word: “God has accepted him”

This is VERY, VERY clear.

We are Christians, true? What does this mean? Christian = “Children of God” – those who accepted his grace – and are accepted BY his grace and mercy.

If we are Christians, this means that:

  1. GOD accepted us AS WE WERE (as we still are).
  2. God accepted us WHEN WE WERE children of the devil.
  3. God accepted us WHEN WE WERE sinners.
  4. We were the object of wrath, but he accepted us as the object of blessing.
  5. We were his enemies, but he accepted us as his children.

We have and enjoy and experience this kind of wonderful acceptance by God – so HOW can we refuse those others whom God has also accepted?

  • Please, do not reject the one who God rejected.
    • If we reject this person, we reject GOD who accepted this person.
  • Please, do not despise the one God loves.
  • Please, do not reject the one God accepted.

Christian = “group of people accepted by God unconditionally by his mercy and grace simply because we have put our faith in him”

#2 BECAUSE GOD makes him/her stand/not fall

v. 4

“Who are you to judge someone else’s servant? To his own master he stands or falls. And he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand.”

Once justified by faith – NEVER changes.

Once real salvation is granted/experienced – it never changes, this is eternal.

If it is possible for salvation to be lost, then it CANNOT be called “eternal life.” But in the Bible, salvation and eternal life are synonyms.

Jesus “I give you eternal life. You shall never perish, and no one can snatch you out of my hand.” (John)

No matter how someone looks right now, if he has salvation, he will not fall, he will stand. God will make him/her stand, not fall. So, how can we reject the one God makes stand in the final situation in his/her life? So, we must accept this person as well – because FINAL victory, life, salvation is guaranteed by the grace of God.

#3 BECAUSE his Lord is my Lord, my Lord is his Lord

We worship the SAME God. So how can we reject him whose Lord is my Lord? curios “Lord” is repeated 8 times in this passage.

Key verse is verse 8:

v. 5-9

“One man considers one day more sacred than another; another man considers every day alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. 6 He who regards one day as special, does so to the Lord. He who eats meat, eats to the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who abstains, does so to the Lord and gives thanks to God. 7 For none of us lives to himself alone and none of us dies to himself alone. 8 If we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. So, whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord. 9 For this very reason, Christ died and returned to life so that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living.”

Conclusion: Jesus Christ is the Lord of ALL – both Christians and non-Christians. The only difference?

  • Christians KNOW he’s our Lord.
  • Non-Christians DO NOT KNOW he’s their Lord.

He is the Lord of

  • Christians,
  • non-Christians,
  • the living,
  • the dead,
  • all creation,
  • even non-living things.
  • “God is sustaining all things by his powerful Word.”

The moon, stars, sun, planets, etc. ALL things in the universe and on earth are THERE and sustained / supported by Christ. (Heb 1)

This means – if you reject somebody (yes, you are free to do so) – it means you are rejecting the one for whom Jesus died and returned to life to be his Lord.

v. 9 “9 For this very reason, Christ died and returned to life so that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living.”

How can we reject somebody for the very person that Jesus died and returned to life for to become his Lord.

Key verse:

v. 8 “8 If [I] live, [I] live to the Lord; and if [I] die, [I] die to the Lord. So, whether [I] live or die, [I] belong to the Lord.”

Jesus is forever a living presence – and all life is lived in his eyes. We do not need to speak of living as if he doesn’t see us. We can no more escape from the risen Christ than we can escape from his shadow.

In this world, we are living in his unseen presence.

In the next world, we will be living in his physical, visible presence. Even physical death cannot break this presence.

Physical death is the gateway / entrance that leads to Christ. Therefore, whether we live in this world or the next, we live in the presence of Christ.

#4 BECAUSE we are brothers and sisters in Christ – and our judge is only Christ

We are to be judged TOGETHER – by the same Judge. Your judge is my judge, my judge is your judge. All human beings are judged by this ONE judge.

v. 10-12

“10 You, then, why do you judge your brother [and sister]? Or why do you look down on your brother [and sister]? For we will all stand before God’s judgment seat. 11 It is written: ” ‘As surely as I live,’ says the Lord, ‘every knee will bow before me; every tongue will confess to God.’ ” 12 So then, each of us will give an account of himself to God.”

In Christ, through the same faith, we are brothers and sisters in Christ. Do you believe this? Amen.

By faith in Christ, if we are brothers and sisters – by the same faith in Christ – the question is: FOR HOW LONG will we be brothers and sisters in Christ? (Forever.)

We have no choice / no option to accept each other together because we are to live as brothers and sisters together forever. Are you bored? Tired of this? You actually have no choice in the matter.

v. 10 “For we will all stand before God’s judgment seat.” Are you happy or worried about this final judgment seat?

“The Bema Seat”

This is the final judgment seat – but we do not need to be afraid of this seat.

  • To the Lost / unsaved = the Final Judgment = final entrance into Hell
  • To the Christians = the Bema Seat = final place to receive the reward “Behold, I am coming soon, and I will give to each according to what he has done.”

The Bema Seat has nothing to do with our sin – because Jesus has already paid our WHOLE sin on the cross. “Therefore, there is no longer any condemnation for those who are in Christ.” Romans 8:4 “Blessed is the man whose sins are not counted against him.”

BUT – even though we have this Bema Seat – it should not give us license to sin again.

So, how can we prepare for this? We must recognize and acknowledge Christ as Lord and God in our lives and in the lives of our brothers and sisters in Christ.

v. 11 “Every knee will bow before me; every tongue will confess to God.’ 12 So then, each of us will give an account of himself to God.”

God bless you.

Let’s pray.

So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Listen