:::: MENU ::::

Posts Tagged / Jesus’ death

  • Jul 07 / 2019
  • Comments Off on Christ became Humanity. Why? (Hebrews 2:5-18)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Christ became Humanity. Why? (Hebrews 2:5-18)

Download Notes in a .MD file

Christ became humanity. Why?

Hebrews 2:5-18 (Pastor Heo)

Jesus Made Like His Brothers

5 It is not to angels that he has subjected the world to come, about which we are speaking. 6 But there is a place where someone has testified:

“What is man that you are mindful of him,

the son of man that you care for him?

7 You made him a little lower than the angels;

you crowned him with glory and honor

8 and put everything under his feet.? In putting everything under him, God left nothing that is not subject to him. Yet at present we do not see everything subject to him. 9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.

10 In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author of their salvation perfect through suffering. 11 Both the one who makes men holy and those who are made holy are of the same family. So Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers. 12 He says,

“I will declare your name to my brothers;

in the presence of the congregation I will sing your praises.” 13 And again,

“I will put my trust in him.” And again he says,

“Here am I, and the children God has given me.”

14 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death–that is, the devil– 15 and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants. 17 For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. 18 Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.


  • v. 5 Angels
  • v. 6-8 About man
  • v. 9-18 About Jesus

v. 5

“5 It is not to angels that he has subjected the world to come, about which we are speaking. “

Angels are servants, but not placed to rule over Creation. They will continue their job serving God and his children.

v. 6-8

“6 But there is a place where someone has testified:

“What is man that you are mindful of him,

the son of man that you care for him?

7 You made him a little lower than the angels;

you crowned him with glory and honor

8 and put everything under his feet.? In putting everything under him, God left nothing that is not subject to him. Yet at present we do not see everything subject to him. “

Man is a little lower than the angels in knowledge and ability.

God created Man and gave him authority over all animals and plants on earth. God blessed Mankind with his crown, and gave them superiority over all Creation except angels.

How about today? How’s the condition today?

Mankind today lost their rulership, dominion, and superiority over all Creation because of sin. This is the root of all problems of humanity. “The wages of sin is death.” (Romans)

God made all Creation obey man – but as we know well today, none of these things obey us today. Why not? Sin.

First, God made all animals be afraid of man and obey men – but now, they are not afraid – we are afraid (lions, tigers, bears, oh my!) Because of sin, we lost every glory, honor, and crown God gave us at first. This is man’s dilemma. That’s why Christ came.

In our lives as human beings (esp as parents) we must know this. If you want children to obey you, you must obey God first. If you worship God completely and perfectly, then all Creation will honor us. That’s why Jesus came – to restore and regain this lost dominion and rulership of humanity.

v. 9-16

“9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.

10 In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author of their salvation perfect through suffering. 11 Both the one who makes men holy and those who are made holy are of the same family. So Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers. 12 He says,

“I will declare your name to my brothers;

in the presence of the congregation I will sing your praises.” [Ps 22:22] 13 And again,

“I will put my trust in him.” And again he says,

“Here am I, and the children God has given me.” [Isaiah]

14 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death–that is, the devil– 15 and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants.”

I said already, God gave man rulership over all Creation – but because of sin, Mankind lost this.

Jesus came as man, and the first thing he did was restore this rulership over Creation we lost because of sin. There are many examples:

– Fish:

In his first calling to Peter (professional fisherman on the Sea of Galilee) – “put out your net to the deep water”. Peter called out “Master, we’ve worked hard all night, and caught nothing. But because you say so, I will try.” When they did so, they caught such a large number of fish that their nets began to break. Peter knelt down at Jesus feet and confessed: “Lord! Go away from me, for I’m a sinful man.” Jesus: “Don’t be afraid. From now on, you will be a fisher of men.”

One more story: Jesus said, “Go to the Sea of Galilee and cast your net. Open its mouth and you will find some money. Pay this to the Roman government for our tax.”

– Wild beasts:

HS sent him into the wilderness to be tempted. He fasted 40 days and nights – but he was with wild beasts in the wilderness. This means, he controlled them – they obeyed his orders. Jesus restored this dominion over animals.

Now, we can also see why Jesus became a little lower than the angels willingly. (4 purposes)

#1 To Die

For our forgiveness of sin, someone must die. But God cannot die – angels cannot die – so Jesus became man because only man can die.

v. 9

“9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone. “

His death is the chief purpose for his incarnation. This is not an afterthought or accident – but an accomplishment of a purpose. This incarnation is not an end in itself, but a means to its end – the redemption of mankind.

Jesus came and became man: to die.

#2 To Remove Sin

v. 17

“17 For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. “

It is only Christ who can take away our sin.

1 John 3:5 “The blood of Christ purifies us from all sins.”

You know the story of the scapegoat (Leviticus 16) – this is a symbol of Christ. “Taking away sins” is what the scapegoat did.

On the annual Day of Atonement, one sheep was sacrificed and another was sent away into the wilderness. The sins of the people were “placed” on it and it took them away.

John the Baptist said of Christ: “Here is he who takes away the sins of his people.”

Isaiah said, “God has laid upon him the iniquities of us all.”

#3 To Destroy Satan

v. 14

“14 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death–that is, the devil– “

This is a paradox (irony).

  • To defeat the power of death,
  • Jesus had to die.

Satan is alive today? Yes. And very busy.

The word “destroy” here does not mean “annihilate” but “render powerless”. He is not gone, but has no authority.

After his resurrection, Jesus said, “ALL authority in heaven and on earth have been given to me. Therefore, GO and make disciples of all nations.”

Jesus’ work on the cross brought complete defeat to Satan. He is a conquered enemy, a vanquished foe – so that someday in the near future, Satan will be cast out into the Lake of Fire. All that he has wrought in sin will be nullified – except the actions of those who are following Satan.

#4 To Save us and establish his kingdom

His kingdom is HUGE – a family kingdom. That is why he is not ashamed to call you “brothers & sisters.” We are a family kingdom.

v. 10

“10 In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author of their salvation perfect through suffering. “

Acts: “Salvation is found in no one else; there is no other name under heaven by which we must be saved.”

Romans “Those God foreknew he also predestined to become like Christ…”

“To those who received him; to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God.”

When he establishes his kingdom, we will reign with him. He is the “King of Kings, and Lord of Lords.” So who are the small “kings and lords”? We are.

We shall regain what we lost in sin – through Jesus Christ.

Col “When Jesus Christ who is your life appears, you will also appear with him in glory, honor, and crown.”

Conclusion

v. 17-18

“17 For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. 18 Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted. “

Angels cannot understand you – because they have not become like you. They cannot identify and empathize with our weaknesses and needs. But: Jesus can.

Jesus became like us – he became completely identified with us in our weaknesses and needs. That’s why he can empathize with us – through his practical experience.

“He had to be made like his brothers “ – i.e. become man.

He experienced the sinless infirmities of man. He knew what it was to be a helpless baby, growing child, awkward adolescent. He knew what it was like to be lied about, accused, weak, pain, death. All of this was a part of his practical training for his heavenly ministry as our High Priest. He is both merciful and faithful.

  • Especially he is merciful to us,
  • faithful to God.

He made the necessary atonement for our sins so that we could be reconciled to God. He did not need atonement for himself because he was sinless.

v. 18

“18 Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted. “

He was tempted in every way as we are, but he was not defeated.

Remember what happens to us when we are tempted to sin. Even I, as a pastor, am not perfect, and suffer temptation. When we are tempted, Jesus stands ready to help us.

“Who is it… ? Jesus who was crucified and resurrected. Interceding for us.”

1 Cor 10:13

“No temptation has seized you except what is common to man. And God is faithful. He will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear. But when you are tempted, he will also provide a way out so that you can stand up under it.”

Let’s pray.

  • Nov 18 / 2018
  • Comments Off on Our Mission is Good News (Acts 14:20-28)
Acts: The Book of Mission, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Our Mission is Good News (Acts 14:20-28)

Download Notes in a .MD file

Our Mission is Good News

Acts 14:20-28 (Pastor Heo)

20 But after the disciples had gathered around him, he got up and went back into the city. The next day he and Barnabas left for Derbe.

The Return to Antioch in Syria

21 They preached the good news in that city and won a large number of disciples. Then they returned to Lystra, Iconium and Antioch, 22 strengthening the disciples and encouraging them to remain true to the faith. “We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God,” they said. 23 Paul and Barnabas appointed elders for them in each church and, with prayer and fasting, committed them to the Lord, in whom they had put their trust. 24 After going through Pisidia, they came into Pamphylia, 25 and when they had preached the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia.

26 From Attalia they sailed back to Antioch, where they had been committed to the grace of God for the work they had now completed. 27 On arriving there, they gathered the church together and reported all that God had done through them and how he had opened the door of faith to the Gentiles. 28 And they stayed there a long time with the disciples.


We don’t know how long this “sabbatical” was for the two. Our sabbatical will happen in heaven – not on earth.

These two chapters are the story of Paul and Barnabas’ First missionary journey. They were constantly on the move to multiple cities through the region.

Last Sunday, what happened at Lystra? Paul healed a crippled man by the power of Christ. After this, the crowd thought they were gods. So they wanted to worship P&B by offering them sacrifices. But they shouted “NO!” tearing their clothes and said, “We too are only men like you.” At this moment, their worshiping attitude turned to anger and they stoned Paul and left him for dead.

This is human nature.

Also with Jesus, he understood how fickle the crowd could be. In his earthly ministry, many people watched many signs he did, but he never entrusted himself to the crowd because he knew what was in men’s hearts.

Yes, when people praise us and recognize us, we feel proud, but we must not allow this to cloud our judgment. Do not put your trust in the crowd – it is so changeable and fickle. So:

“Trust in God with all you heart.. in all your ways, acknowledge him and he will direct your paths.” (Proverbs 3:5-6)

Jesus says, “Trust in God, trust also in me.”

So, Paul was thrown out of the city, but when the disciples gathered around him, they were overjoyed to see him rise again. Then they immediately re-entered the hostile city, and the next morning, they left for Derbe (the last mission field in this missionary journey.)

v. 20-21

“20 But after the disciples had gathered around him, he got up and went back into the city. The next day he and Barnabas left for Derbe. 21 They preached the good news in that city and won a large number of disciples. Then they returned to Lystra, Iconium and Antioch,”

Derbe is the next city east of Lystra (small city). As usual, the first thing P&B did in the city was preach the “good news” (gospel).

Missionary’s priority #1 is to preach good news all the time. Also, this is my priority. And if you are a true Christian in this world, then your priority is also to preach the good news.

Only good news can win souls to Christ. What is this good news? “Good news of great joy for all the people at the same time for eternity.” – this is the death and resurrection of Christ.

This is a strange story actually.

The story of “death” is “good”? Can you say this? Even if my enemy dies, we cannot say this is “good news” to me.

But in the world, there is no religion that says the death of its founder is good news. Christianity is the ONLY one that says this. Can you say that the death of Christ is “good news”?

Why? Why and how is this possible?

If your parents die, can you say this is “good news”? No.

But there are billions of reasons the death of Christ is good news (actually, you are one).

This time, finishing their missionary journey, let me share 7 reasons why the death of Christ is good news.

7 Reasons why Jesus’ Death is “Good”

#1 Jesus died for others

Evidently: Jesus did not die for his own sins – he died for others. “Jesus died just for me.” He bore the punishment for our sins in his body on the cross.

“God demonstrated his own love for us in this, that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.”

“By his wounds we have been healed.”

His death is the substitutionary death for our sins (propitiation).

That’s why the day he was crucified is called “Good Friday.”

#2: Satisfied God’s justice

His death fully satisfied the demands of God’s Law and his justice.

The death of Christ is not only the satisfaction of the justice of God, but also the requirements of his Law. The transgression of that Law brings with it a punishment – but we can never meet the requirements of the Law. But Jesus met these requirements fully.

Romans 10:4 “Jesus is the end (fulfillment) of the Law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes.”

#3: Gives us forgiveness of sin

Do you need this?

“The wages of sin is death” (Romans) – spiritual and physical death.

This means everybody needs forgiveness of sin – and only his death gives us this forgiveness. The IMMEDIATE result is forgiveness of sins.

Hebrews: “The Law requires that everything be cleansed with blood. Without the shedding of blood, there is no cleansing. But the blood of Christ cleanses our sins…”

“If you confess your sins, God is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.”

This is good news to you and me!

#4: Removes the wrath of God

God is holy – too holy to see sins.

Habakkuk 1:13 “God’s eyes are too pure to look upon sin.”

God cannot tolerate any kind of wrong. Thus, there is wrath of God against sin and against the sinner.

Eph 2 “We were by our very nature, the objects of wrath.”

John 3:36 “Whoever rejects Christ cannot see eternal life because the wrath of God remains on him.”

Romans 1:18 “The wrath of God is being revealed against all men who suppress the truth.”

Only the blood of Christ can cover / remove the wrath of God against us.

1 John 2 “Jesus Christ is the atoning sacrifice (propitiation) for our sins.”

Imagine, if the wrath of God remains on my head, can I live in peace? No!

#5: Reconciles us to God

“Be reconciled to God.” the Bible admonishes us.

We need reconciliation (회복) – the restoration of relationship with God.

The idea of reconciliation is like this:

Gen 1, 2 before the Fall of Man.

There are more than 1,000 chapters in the Bible (1,069?).

In only 2 chapters, God and man (Adam) stood face to face in perfect relationship. But, in sinning, man turned his back to God and walked away.

Then, in his sadness, God turned his back on man and was sad.

Now, only the death of Christ has satisfied the demands of the Law. So, now God has turned his face back toward man and is waiting. This is the invitation of God. It is now up to man to turn back around to be reconciled with God.

#6: It gives us the ministry of reconciliation

2 Cor 5:17 “If anyone is in Christ, he is a new Creation: the old has gone, the new has come.”

2 Cor 5:18 “All this is from God who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation.”

Remember, if you are reconciled to Christ, you have received the ministry of reconciliation.

Thus, we must say that preaching the gospel is our priority #1.

#7: God declares us righteous

Do you have a bank book? Check it.

When you believe in Christ, the righteousness of Christ is “transferred” into your “bank book.” (A full account!)

Then, God declares us righteous through Christ’s resurrection.

Finally, we can say his death is good news because he rose again from the dead!

v. 21b, 22-25

“Then they returned to Lystra, Iconium and Antioch, 22 strengthening the disciples and encouraging them to remain true to the faith. “We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God,” they said. 23 Paul and Barnabas appointed elders for them in each church and, with prayer and fasting, committed them to the Lord, in whom they had put their trust. 24 After going through Pisidia, they came into Pamphylia, 25 and when they had preached the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia.”

Attalia is a sea port in Perga – to sail to their home base (Antioch).

After finishing their final ministry in Derbe, they went to Perga to return to their sending church. And on their returning, they backtracked, retraced their steps.

  1. Derbe (end of journey)
  2. Lystra (Paul had been stoned)
  3. Iconium (almost stoned)
  4. Pisidia (expelled)

What courage!

They went back home through a hard way, willingly. Yes, they knew the dangers they faced before. They knew the dangers, but why did they go then?

Even though they knew of these dangers, they had a responsibility to encourage the new believers there.

Lesson: No matter how uncomfortable or dangerous the task, we must always encourage new believers who need our help. We should have a clear strategy to help them grow in faith.

Paul: “We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God.” Can you say this to new believers?

Two purposes to revisit these former mission fields:

1. Strengthen new believers in the things of Christ and encourage them to remain in the faith

(continuation is strong proof of faith in Christ “He who stands firm to the end will be saved.”) If we have real faith, we must show our faithfulness to Christ.

Remember, living a Christian life in this world, I can say like this to you and me: “We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of heaven.” Because this world is sinful and adulterous and ruled by Satan. Around us, we have all seen good, faithful Christians who are going through hard times.

Sometimes even dedication to Christ, commitment often brings us face-to-face with MORE difficulties than if we live only for ourselves without commitment to Christ. And Paul? If he had aimed lower, he would not have experienced such a variety of pains and sorrows, BUT he also would not have been used so powerfully by God.

Remember, Jesus did not save us to make our lives easy. He saved us to make us great, strong, powerful.

He did not save us to follow the pattern of the world, but to fight the pattern of the world. He made us fighters.

Thus, everyone who wants to live a godly life, will be persecuted.

“If the world hates you, remember it hated me first.”

“Take heart, for I have overcome the world.”

Romans: “If you are children of God you are heirs and coheirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory. These sufferings on earth are not worth comparing to the glory that will be revealed in us in heaven.”

“We can do all things through him who gives us strength.”

v. 26-28

“26 From Attalia they sailed back to Antioch, where they had been committed to the grace of God for the work they had now completed. 27 On arriving there, they gathered the church together and reported all that God had done through them and how he had opened the door of faith to the Gentiles. 28 And they stayed there a long time with the disciples. “

After returning home, they gave their mission report. They reported the work God had done through them – they reported the blessings joyfully to the church.

Maybe this was the first “missionary conference” in history.

From this conference, we must learn some lessons.

v 27 – in their mission report, P&B did not say, “We did this for God…” – they were not the subject (주어) in this story – they made God the subject “God did this through us…” – also in our testimony and mission report should be like this. “God did this through me…”

Another amazing thing is that P&B did this great job without the modern missionary tools we have today (cars, computer, KakaoTalk, smartphones, …)

In mission history, some believers have done SO much with so little. But other Christians have done SO little with so much. (These are two kinds of missionaries).

Remember, one day, we will stand before God, face to face, to give our mission report.

“A man is destined to die once and after that to face the judgment.”

Revelation “Behold, I am coming soon. My reward is in my hand and I will give to everyone according to what he has done.”

Just like P&B, we will give this report to God. As long as we live, our priorities will be reordered.

God bless you to be missionaries.

Let’s start the Second Missionary Journey next time.

Let’s pray.

So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Listen