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  • Sep 01 / 2019
  • Comments Off on Jesus Christ is the Source of our Eternal Salvation (Hebrews 5:1-10)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Jesus Christ is the Source of our Eternal Salvation (Hebrews 5:1-10)

Download Notes in a .MD file

Jesus Christ is the Source of our Eternal Salvation

Hebrews 5:1-10 (Pastor Heo)

5:1 Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people.

4 No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was. 5 So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him,

“You are my Son;

today I have become your Father.” 6 And he says in another place,

“You are a priest forever,

in the order of Melchizedek.”

7 During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. 8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.


Jesus is our Great High Priest, superior to any human High Priest. Last week, we saw the differences between them.

Human: Earth, is continually changed (replaced), offered sacrifices for their own sins + others, entered Most Holy Place once / year, did not die for others, could not intercede for others in heaven, no right / power to forgive – they could do nothing to remove sins

Jesus: Heaven, eternal High Priest, no need to offer sacrifice for his own sins, went to heaven once for all, died for all human beings, intercedes for us now in heaven, has power / privilege / right to save and remove sins (1 John 2:2 “Jesus Christ is the propitiation (atoning sacrifice) for our sins.”)

5:1-10 – These 10 verses show the commonalities and differences of the qualifications and functions between a human High Priest and Great High Priest

  • v 1-4 = Human High Priest
  • v 5-10 = Story of Jesus

v. 1-4

“1 Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people.

4 No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was. “

There are 3 S’s – the qualifications for a human High Priest:

1. Solidarity

v. 1 “Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins.”

Solidarity = oneness with humanity – fundamental for the priestly ministry – no deceased soul, no angel could satisfy this – it must be a living human being. The High Priest was a representative of the people to God (making atoning sacrifice for sins)- and God to the people (teaching His word).

In that day, only the High Priest could enter the Most Holy Place with the blood of the slain animal to atone for the sins of the community.

High Priest = must be human

Only a man can represent other men. (Solidarity)

2. Sympathy

(Compassion)

v. 2 “He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray [KJV: He can have compassion / sympathy on those who are going astray…], since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people. “

The High Priest is only a man, only a human being, subject to the same weaknesses and faults, and mortality and human limitations. He also needed mercy, compassion, sympathy from God. He was not better than other people, so he must have been able to see how he also was weak.

3. Selection

v. 4 “No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was.”

The position of High Priest carried special honor – but no one could become a High Priest simply by desiring it. God himself appointed the High Priest – he must be called and appointed by God.

Do you know the story of Aaron?

In the wilderness after the Exodus, he made a golden calf as an idol. Nevertheless, God called him as a priest during the wandering in the wilderness. Leviticus 8-9 describes the ceremony to become a priest. Aaron and his sons were washed, placed their hands on bulls and rams as they were killed, and given special clothes. This shows that holiness and selection comes from God himself, not from man.

In the OT, some people tried to do the function of priest by their own choice and were judged by God.

  • King Saul invaded the priesthood and lost his kingdom.
  • Cora and his followers tried to make himself priest, God judged them immediately.
  • King Uziah tried to enter the temple and burn incense, but God struck him with leprosy until he died.

Qualifications for a Human High Priest

  1. Solidarity
  2. Sympathy
  3. Selection

Qualifications of Jesus Christ as our Great High Priest (we need to focus more on it) – there are 5.

1. Solidarity

Jesus became man to become our representative and understand us fully and experience all things we also experience

v. 5 “So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him,

“You are my Son;

today I have become your Father.”

2. Sympathy

This makes it very clear – Jesus became man. John 3:16 also: “God so loved the world that he gave his one and only son…”

Phil “Jesus, by very nature God, became man…”

“…he became obedient to the point of death on a cross…”

3. Selection

Jesus is not a temporal High Priest, but eternal – that’s why he even now can intercede for us.

v. 6 “And he says in another place,

“You are a priest forever,

in the order of Melchizedek.”

This is difficult to understand, but if you can, it is very helpful.

Melchizedek – from Psalm 110:4

Yes we know, all human High Priests belong to the order of Levites (Aaron). Aaron was the first “official” ordained High Priest in the OT.

But Jesus belongs to the order of Melchizedek – not Aaron.

Who is Melchizedek?

This name is mentioned in only 2 places in the OT.

Genesis 14, Psalm 110

In the NT, his name is mentioned only in THIS book – Hebrews (10 times). Here it is mentioned 2x (v. 6, 10). We will see his name also again later.

  • Aaron was from the tribe of Levi.
  • Jesus was not. He was from the tribe of Judah – through the seed of David.

Aaron was the first official High Priest – he started to appear in Exodus.

Melchizedek appears in Genesis – about 500 years before Aaron. He blessed Abraham and received a tithe from Abraham. This means he was higher (and before) Aaron.

He was a real man. His name means, “King of righteousness, king of peace.” He is the only person in history who was a king AND a priest. He was a kingly priest, and a priestly king.

There is no story about his origin – but God used him as a symbol and picture of Jesus as our King AND Priest – our righteousness forever and ever.

4. Submission & Prayer

Jesus lived a life of prayer. God bless us all to be a person of prayer as well.

v. 7 “During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from [out of] death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission.”

He did not pray to escape physical death on the cross – but he believed and prayed for his resurrection.

He prayed during his life and ministry regularly and habitually. He spent long seasons in prayer – sometimes overnight prayer. At other times, he got up very early and prayed, at other times – before great tasks. Luke 22:44 “In great anguish, he prayed so earnestly that his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.”

He prayed submissively and obediently.

Imagine – if the Son of God needed to pray – how much more do we (weak) human beings need to pray?

Phil 2:5 “Your attitude must be like that of Christ Jesus.”

5. Man of Humility

v. 8 “8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered “

He emptied himself, took on the form of a servant, was found in the likeness of human beings and obeyed to the point of death. He was also meek and humble on earth. He was so rich – as God – but he became poor to make us rich.

We know the story of Christmas. He was born in a stable (an animal food box) because there was no room for him in the inn. He confessed, “I have no place to put my head.”

He said, “I did not come to be served but to serve and give my life as a ransom for many.”

He washed the feet of his students.

Conclusion:

What is the title of today’s sermon?

Jesus is the Source of our Eternal Salvation

v. 9-10 “and, once made perfect, he became *the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him* 10 and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.”

Question: Am I obeying him?

What is salvation?

It is forgiveness of sin. Delivery from the bondage of Satan – becoming a child of God – freedom from condemnation and the penalty of hell – eternal life.

“He became the source of Eternal Salvation” (v. 9)

Please make this sure in your hearts. Salvation can be found only in Jesus Christ.

Hebrews 7:25 “Jesus Christ is able to save completely those who come to God through him because he always lives to intercede for us.”

Acts 4:12 “Salvation is found in no one else for these is no other name under heaven by which we must be saved.”

There are many good / great / wonderful men – but salvation can be found ONLY in Christ.

Yes, we know there are many religions around us. Religion is good because no religion says, “Do evil” – all religions teach us to do good. But in the matter of salvation, it is only found in Jesus Christ.

How can we receive this salvation? v. 9 “and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him”

“Obey him” is essential. What does this mean? To do what he says.

God bless you.

Obey him:

  1. Believe in him
  2. Accept him as personal savior / Lord
  3. Commit my whole life for his glory / kingdom

“If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me.”

Application:

Part one: The qualifications of human High Priests

If we are saved, this is important, but I’ll tell the meaning next time. Here’s the title: “If we are saved, God is calling us as Priests.”

Are you saved? Then you have a right / authority / privilege / responsibility to say:

“I’m a priest.”

Please remember this until next Sunday. Next Sunday, I’ll share: What does this mean?

This is not my word, but the word of God.

1 Peter 2:9 “You are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, so that you may announce the praises of him who called you out of darkness and into his wonderful light.” (Meditate on and memorize this verse)

Next week, I’ll share continually what the meaning of “I’m a Priest” is.

Bless your neighbor, “Priest, God bless you.”

Let’s pray.

  • Aug 17 / 2014
  • Comments Off on Start Well, Finish Well (Philippians 3)
Pastor Brian, Philippians: A Study in Contentment, Sermons

Start Well, Finish Well (Philippians 3)

08.17

08.17.2014-PBrian

Sermon Notes

<Download Notes in a .RTF file>

Start Well – Finish Well

Philippians 3:1-21 (Pastor Brian)

Philippians = The Letter of Joy. “Joy” or “rejoice” = 25 times throughout this letter.

Even though Paul was chained up, he had the ability to say, “Rejoice in the Lord always” because of Jesus’ sacrifice for our sins.

Paul, religious, encourages believers to continue to trust in the Lord. In the congregation = Lydia (high-end fabrics business, gave hospitality to Paul and his group), the slave girl (who’d followed Paul around, telling fortunes with the spirit in her – we don’t actually know what happened to her, but she may have been there).

The consequences of Paul’s actions = in prison. He rejoiced in that prison – he and his fellow servant were singing at midnight, the Lord sent an earthquake to release them, the jailor almost committed suicide, but Paul said, “Don’t!” and converted him to faith in Christ – he and his entire household. This jailor may also have been a member of the congregation in Philippi. He’d originally gone in response to a vision he’d received from the Lord.

He’s on good and friendly terms with this congregation – though not rich, they’d helped him on numerous occasions.


 

No Confidence in the Flesh

1 Finally, my brothers, rejoice in the Lord! It is no trouble for me to write the same things to you again, and it is a safeguard for you. 2 Watch out for those dogs, those men who do evil, those mutilators of the flesh. 3 For it is we who are the circumcision, we who worship by the Spirit of God, who glory in Christ Jesus, and who put no confidence in the flesh– 4 though I myself have reasons for such confidence. If anyone else thinks he has reasons to put confidence in the flesh, I have more: 5 circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; in regard to the law, a Pharisee; 6 as for zeal, persecuting the church; as for legalistic righteousness, faultless. 7 But whatever was to my profit I now consider loss for the sake of Christ. 8 What is more, I consider everything a loss compared to the surpassing greatness of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all things. I consider them rubbish, that I may gain Christ 9 and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ–the righteousness that comes from God and is by faith. 10 I want to know Christ and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of sharing in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, 11 and so, somehow, to attain to the resurrection from the dead.

Pressing on Toward the Goal

12 Not that I have already obtained all this, or have already been made perfect, but I press on to take hold of that for which Christ Jesus took hold of me. 13 Brothers, I do not consider myself yet to have taken hold of it. But one thing I do: Forgetting what is behind and straining toward what is ahead, 14 I press on toward the goal to win the prize for which God has called me heavenward in Christ Jesus. 15 All of us who are mature should take such a view of things. And if on some point you think differently, that too God will make clear to you. 16 Only let us live up to what we have already attained. 17 Join with others in following my example, brothers, and take note of those who live according to the pattern we gave you. 18 For, as I have often told you before and now say again even with tears, many live as enemies of the cross of Christ. 19 Their destiny is destruction, their god is their stomach, and their glory is in their shame. Their mind is on earthly things. 20 But our citizenship is in heaven. And we eagerly await a Savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ, 21 who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body.


 

Paul is writing to the believers in Philippi to encourage and exhort them to consider one another’s needs ahead of their own.

He comments on the foundation (beginning) of their faith, and exhorts them to finish well (press on for the goal).

Salvation is not IN works, but he encourages them now TO work – do not be lazy in your salvation. God works IN us, we work OUT our salvation. God works, we cooperate.

Here, in the middle of the letter, here’s the transition: “Finally, my brothers…” (lots more)

“Finally, rejoice in the Lord.” = true joy is found in the Lord Jesus alone.

“It’s no trouble for me to write this to you again, and it’s to safeguard you.” = He’s written before, he’s a good teacher, he knows the value of repetition. (Keep repeating something until you get it.)

Peter also says the same thing in one of his letters, “You know this, but you need to be reminded of the truth constantly because our memories are short.”

Paul warns of the false teachers – like those in Galatia – trying to get the Gentiles to be circumcised in order to be saved. In Galatia, this was a very serious problem. In Philippi, it was just a threat, not yet serious – but enough to be warned and prepared.

v. 2 “Watch out for those DOGS…”

He’s throwing back onto the Judaizers that which they call Gentiles (they called the Gentiles “dogs”). The Judaizers considered them dirty and unworthy. So, Paul is turning that “compliment” back on those who first assigned it.

The OT (Old Testament) covenant was a foreshadowing of the NT (New Testament) covenant in Christ. Now, why would anyone return to a shadow when the substance of the thing has arrived?

Jesus also talked of this with a Gentile woman. “Lord, even dogs eat from the Master’s table – give us the crumbs.” And Jesus healed her daughter.

In Revelation, there is also mention of “dogs” as Gentiles.

Paul says the Judaizers are practicers of evil.

  • Perri Temne – cut off
  • Katta Temne – mutilate

Paul says, “These (circumcisers) aren’t really ones who ‘cut off’ – they rather mutilate!”

For Jews circumcising Gentiles – this doesn’t matter. What matters is a New Creation. “A man is a Jew, if he is one inwardly. And circumcision is circumcision of the heart.”

For Abraham and his household, this was an outward act, but should have had an inward meaning and attitude. The INNER is what counts more to the Lord than the OUTER.

“If salvation was based on genetics, I’d be the best.” he says. But, even though he has such confidence, he trusts in Christ alone. “Of all the Pharisees, I was the chief in my zeal for the Lord.”

He lists his qualifications as a Jew:

  1. Circumcised on the 8th day
  2. Born into the faith
  3. From the people of Israel (Jacob)
    1. (Ishmaelites and Edomites weren’t “technically” Israelites. Only a TRUE Israelite could trace their lineage back all the way to Jacob.)
  4. From the tribe of Benjamin
    1. (The only son of the patriarchs who’d been born in the Promised Land. From the tribe of Benjamin, came the first Israelite ruler – Saul. The battle cry of the Israelites was “After thee! Benjamin!” They were the warriors as well. The person responsible for the salvation of the Jews (Mordecai – in Esther) was a Benjaminite.)
  5. A Hebrew of Hebrews
    1. (Both mom and dad were Hebrews and he spoke Hebrew. Sometimes, the Jews who were scattered around the earth lost their language – even though they kept their traditions – but a “true” Hebrew would take pains to maintain their language.)
  6. A Pharisee
    1. (Special, elite, religious, law-makers, law-adders, law-adherers. Called the “separated ones” because they were so zealous for God they were separated.)
  7. So zealous I persecuted the church
    1. (He persecuted what he thought was a cult.)
  8. Legalistic righteousness? Perfect
    1. (Crossed all his t’s, dotted all his i’s)

BUT, ALL this is worthless. I consider it as loss. They are spiritually valueless – they can’t bring me closer to God. In fact, EVERYTHING is a loss compared to knowing Christ – for whom I’ve lost ALL things. This “knowing” is intimate, the same kind of word is used for a husband and wife in marriage. This isn’t just about “knowing ABOUT” but “knowing deeply and BEING known” by Christ.

Paul is still a Jew, but his genetics and traditions cannot save him. “They are all rubbish.” In and of themselves, they are not bad, but in order to save him? Worthless. “I’ve got no righteousness of my own through the Law, but only in Christ – through that he bestowed upon me.”

This is the RIGHT PLACE to start.

But Paul’s goal is to know the power of the resurrection, to become like Christ in death, and to know the resurrection. “Now, I only know in part, but soon, I’ll meet Christ and know in full.”

The world is not friendly to Christ and Christianity. Satan is a fallen angel who’s caused much trouble and still does. This environment will produce much trouble for us. “Nevertheless, rejoice in the Lord.”

“Brothers, I don’t consider myself yet to have taken hold of it. But one thing I do: Forgetting what is behind and pressing on toward the goal, to win the prize for which God has called me heavenward in Christ Jesus.”

“I strive to press on for the prize” (though I know I already have it) – “and I want you to do the same. All of us, who are mature, ought to take such a view of these things.” The immature sometimes claim victory prematurely – too early.

As you mature in Christ, you’ll learn to think this way as well.

  1. The FIRST day isn’t the most important day.
  2. The LAST day IS the most important day.

Consider kings (Solomon) in the Bible. Consider your own life, your marriage, family, career, church. The FIRST day isn’t the most important. The LAST day is the most important. How will you end it?

The founding pastor of Antioch church (though retired) continues to “press on” and preach in other places and bless others. How will you live your last days?

God will keep us in his power until our last days.

START WELL – give your life to Jesus. The Lord will give you sustaining power to go through to the end. – FINISH WELL.

Pauline’s father is a good example of one who’s served the Lord with gladness and been faithful from his early years, into his 80s.

Let’s pray.

So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Listen