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  • May 10 / 2020
  • Comments Off on Love, Hospitality, and Sympathy (Hebrews 13:1-3)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Love, Hospitality, and Sympathy (Hebrews 13:1-3)

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Love, Hospitality, and Sympathy

Hebrews 13:1-3 (Pastor Heo)

Concluding Exhortations

1 Keep on loving each other as brothers. 2 Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so doing some people have entertained angels without knowing it. 3 Remember those in prison as if you were their fellow prisoners, and those who are mistreated as if you yourselves were suffering.


This is the last chapter of Hebrews. In the Bible, there is no division between:

  • Doctrine / Duty
  • Revelation / Responsibility
  • Theology / Application
  • Believing / Behaving

These two always go together.

In the last section, the emphasis is on living by faith – as we studied in:

  • chp 11 – the examples of faith,
  • chp 12 – encouragement to faith,
  • chp 13 – evidence of faith that should appear in our lives if we are really living by faith, not by sight.

Last week, “our God is a consuming fire” and also “consuming love.”

From fire to function, from vertical to horizontal, from love for God to love for human beings. It is clear: what we think about God determines how we think / act toward human beings in this world.

The relationship with God will be acted out in our relationships with other human beings, strangers, the lost.

Last week, our God is “consuming fire” of Mt. Sinai, and also “consuming love” of Mt. Zion. So, the relationship we have with God is revealed in the relationship we have with human beings.

10 commandments

  • 1-4 = vertical relationship, between God and man,
  • 5-10 = horizontal and ethical, the relationship we must have with our brothers and neighbors.

In chp 13, we read only 3 verses, but we can see three keywords of evidence of living by faith.

These three keywords: Love, Hospitality, and Sympathy (empathy).

As we know, we worship such a God. We saw last week that worship is our lifestyle, so our worship must be done in our practical relationship with our brothers and sisters in this world.

Let us see these keywords one by one.

Love

v. 1

“1 Keep on loving each other as brothers.”

Early Christians faced hatred and persecution from the world so they should be able to find love and encouragement in the church.

The commandment to love is a very Old commandment (Leviticus 18:19 “Love your neighbor as yourself”)

Jesus said, “A new command I give you: love one another as I have loved you. In this way, people will know that you are my disciples.”

This old command is called “new” by Jesus – this means, “to love each other in the same way that Jesus loves us.” We are to love based on Jesus’ sacrificial love on the cross. Such love brings people to Christ and makes us strong and united in this world.

Jesus is the living example of God’s love. Like this, we are to be living examples of Jesus’ love in this world.

Romans “Christ demonstrates his love for us in this, that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.”

John 3:16 “God so loved the world…”

1 John 3:14 “He laid down his life for us…”

Bible says, “Let us not love with words or tongue, but with actions and truth.”

“God loved us first and sent his son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.”

“No one has ever seen God, but if anyone is in God …”

“There is no fear in love, but perfect love casts out all fear. Fear has to do with punishment…”

How? How can we love as Jesus loves? It is more than warm feelings, but it reveals itself in actions.

How can we love our brothers and sisters? By helping when not convenient, by giving when it hurts, by devoting energy to others without complaining or fighting back.

This love is very difficult – so people notice when we do it and they can know that we are his disciples when we do this.

We are truly brothers and sisters in Christ. These terms are not merely sentimental, but facts. No matter how many Christians there are, we all share one father.

We know how happy parents are when children love each other, likewise God is pleased when we live together in unity.

Psalm “How good and pleasant it is when brothers and sisters dwell together in unity.”

God bless us to dwell in his love and love each other with his love.

Hospitality

v. 2

“2 Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so doing some people have entertained angels without knowing it.”

Ex: Genesis 18, Abram and his wife Sarai received 3 strangers and entertained them without knowing they were angels.

Widely speaking, messengers sent by God are angels – because “angel” means “messenger.”

“Hospitality much be practiced.”

1 Peter 1:9 “Offer hospitality to each other without grumbling.”

1 John 1:8 “Show hospitality to others…”

Why is teaching on hospitality needed so much even 2000 years later.

In the ancient world, hotels, inns, were dangerous, dirty places, often pagan and even criminal activities were done there. Also many Christians suffered deportation by society or their own families. Wandering preachers and evangelists were always on the road. Slaves had no home of their own to go to. Businessmen also had travels and journeys to make. All of them needed hospitality.

Even today, we have homeless people, emotionally, spiritually. They need a homelike place.

Yes, Jesus lived his earthly life like a homeless person. He spent many nights on the mountain to pray. “Foxes have holes, the birds of the air have nests, but I have no place to put my head.”

On the last day, the Judgment Day, he will say,

“When I was hungry, you gave me something to eat, thirsty, something to drink, stranger, you welcomed me in.”

“When? How?”

“Whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.”

Hospitality: to make someone feel welcome and at home

It is much better to practice hospitality than miss the chance to entertain angels.

Still today, they need hospitality to show that God is in this world.

Sympathy (empathy)

v. 3

“3 Remember those in prison as if you were their fellow prisoners, and those who are mistreated as if you yourselves were suffering.”

Jesus became flesh – he identified with us in our humanity, our weaknesses, our temptations.

Hebrews 2:18 “Because he suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.”

“We have a high priest who is able to sympathize with our weaknesses. He has been tempted in every way as we are, yet was without sin. So let us approach the throne of grace with confidence to help us in our times of need.”

Sin is like a slave market in which a sinner is sold to sin. Sin is like a prison in which a sinner is bound under the sentence of death. Jesus bought us from this market – indicating complete deliverance and freedom from this market. Jesus loosens bonds and sets us free by paying a price, the price of his blood.

He redeems us from the curse of death under the Law by becoming a curse for us.

He frees us completely from the prison of sin, death, hell.

Gal 5:1 “It is for freedom that Jesus has set you free. So stand firm, do not let yourselves be burdened again with a yoke of slavery.”

All kinds of real freedom can be found in Jesus Christ.

“I’m the truth. Know the truth and the truth will set you free.”

On the last day, the Judgment Day, Jesus will say,

“When I was in prison you came to see me.”

“When? How?” “

Whatever you did for one of these, the least of my brothers, you did for me.”

We have power, authority, privilege, blessing, to share this kind of real freedom in Christ with those who need freedom in Christ.

v. 3 “Remember”

At least this week, let us not forget these three keywords:

  1. Love
  2. Hospitality
  3. Sympathy

God bless us with these so that we may share these with others who need it.

God bless you.

Let’s pray.


Korean Translation provided by Deacon Sangman Lee

♥허목사님 설교완역(200510)

► 제목: 사랑, 후덕 및 동정심(Love, Hospitality, and Sympathy)

► 본문: 히브리서 13: 1-3

「설교 전문」
하나님 계신 곳에 오심을 환영합니다. 하나님께서 그의 자비와 은혜와 기쁨으로 여러분을 축복해 주시기를 바랍니다. 하나님의 축복이 여러분과 이 교회에 임하시길 축원합니다. 아멘.
이제 하나님의 거룩한 말씀을 보시겠습니다. 히브리서 13장 첫 3절입니다. 1절에서 3절까지입니다. 히브리서 13: 1-3. 같이 읽으시기 바랍니다.

1: 서로 형제와 같이 사랑하기를 계속하라(Keep on loving each other as brothers).

2: 나그네 대접하기를 잊지 말지니, 그렇게 함으로써 자기도 모르게 천사들을 대접한 이들도 있었느니라(Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so doing some people have entertained angels without knowing it).

3: 마치 너희도 함께 갇힌 죄수인 것처럼 옥에 갇힌 자들을 기억하고, 마치 너희 자신이 고난을 받고 있는 것처럼 학대받는 자들을 기억하라(Remember those in prison as if you were their fellow prisoners, and those who are mistreated as if you yourselves were suffering).

아멘.
우리는 히브리서의 마지막 장을 시작하고 있습니다.
성경에는 교리(doctrine)와 의무 사이, 계시와 책임 사이, 논리적 지침(logical instruction)과 실제적 적용(practical application) 사이, 믿음과 행위 사이에는 구분(division)이 없습니다. 이들 두 가지는 늘 같이 다니는 것들이죠.
히브리서의 마지막 부분에서는 믿음에 의한 삶(living by faith)에 강조점(emphasis)이 주어져 있습니다. 이는 우리가 앞서 이미 확인한 바와 같습니다.
가령 11장에서는 믿음의 본보기(example)에, 12장에서는 믿음에 대한 격려(encouragement)에, 그리고 13장에서는 우리가 정말로 보이는 것(sight)에 의해 살며 일하지 않고 믿음에 의해 살며 일하고 있을 때 우리 삶에 나타나야 할 믿음의 증거들(evidence)에 초점이 주어져 있습니다.
우리가 지난 주일에 확인한 바와 같이 전 장 12장의 마지막 절은

“우리 하나님은 소멸하시는 불(consuming fire)이다”

입니다. 또한 그는 다 쓰시는 사랑(consuming love)이십니다.

이제 마지막 장인 이 장 13장에서는 초점이 불에서 기능(function)으로, 수직(vertical)에서 수평(horizontal)으로, 하나님에 대한 사랑에서 인간에 대한 사랑으로 옮겨 갑니다. 그 의미(implication)는 매우 명료합니다.
우리가 하나님에 대해 생각하는 것은 우리가 우리 교회 안에서, 그리고 이 세상에서 사람들과 어떠한 관계를 가지고 있는가와 전적인 관계를 가지고 있습니다. 우리가 하나님과 어떤 관계를 가지고 있는가는 우리가 사람들과, 그리스도 안에서 우리 형제자매들과, 낯선 사람들과, 또한 길 잃은 자들과 어떤 관계를 가지고 있는가에 의해 나타나고 증명될 것입니다.
지난 주일에 보았듯이 우리 하나님은 시내산의 소멸시키는 불이시고 동시에 시온산의 다 쓰시는 사랑이십니다. 이는 우리가 하나님과 가지는 관계는 우리가 인간들과 가지는 관계에 의해 드러나게 될 것임을 의미합니다.

이러한 논리(logic)는 바로 10계명의 구조(structure)에 그대로 반영되어 있습니다. 10계명을 보면 처음 4계명은 하나님과 인간, 하나님과 우리 사이의 수직적이고 신학적인(theological) 메시지로서, 하나님과 인간의 관계, 즉 하나님과 우리의 관계를 강렬하게(intensely) 다루고 있습니다. 그리고 다음 6계명은 우리의 형제자매들과, 우리의 이웃들과 가져야 할 수평적이고 윤리적인(ethical) 관계를 역시 강렬하게 다루고 있습니다.
그러므로 이 마지막 장 13장에서 우리는 단 3절, 처음 3절만을 읽었습니다. 이 3절에서 우리는 믿음에 의한 삶의 증거로서 세 가지 키워드를 볼 수 있습니다. 저는 이 세 가지 키워드는 사랑, 후덕(hospitality) 및 동정심(sympathy) 혹은 공감(empathy)이라고 말하고자 합니다.
우리가 알고 있듯이 우리는 그와 같은 하나님을 섬깁니다. 우리는 지난주에 예배가 무엇인지 확인하였습니다. 그렇습니다. 예배는 우리의 삶, 우리의 라이프 스타일입니다. 그렇다면 실제로 우리가 이 세상에서 우리의 형제자매들과 맺는 관계에서도 우리의 섬김이 이루어져야만 합니다.
키워드인 사랑, 후덕 및 동정심 혹은 공감에 대해 하나씩 살펴보도록 하겠습니다.

자, 첫 번 째 절을 보십시다. 이 절은 매우 짧으면서도 우리에게 매우 강력한 메시지를 전달하고 있습니다. 제1절은 말합니다.

“서로 형제와 같이 사랑하기를 계속하라”

예, 우리가 알고 있듯이 초기의 크리스천들은 이 세상으로부터 박해(persecution)와 미움(hatred)에 직면했습니다(face). 그래서 소망하건대 교회 안에서, 신앙인들 사이의 교제에 있어 사랑과 격려가 있어야 했습니다. ‘우리가 서로 사랑해야 한다’는 계명은 매우 오래 된 계명입니다. 구약 레위기 19: 18에서 이렇게 말합니다.

“네 이웃을 네 몸과 같이 사랑하라. 나는 여호와이니라.”

네 이웃을 네 몸과 같이 사랑하라! 그러나 우리의 주님이신 예수 그리스도는 십자가에서 죽으시기 전 이렇게 말씀하셨습니다.

“새로운 계명을 너희에게 주나니, 서로 사랑하라. 내가 너희를 사랑한 것처럼 너희도 서로 사랑하라! 이것에 의해 모든 사람들이 너희가 내 제자들임을 알게 될 것이니라.”

이것이 무엇을 의미할까요? 우리가 서로 사랑해야 한다는 계명은 매우 오래된 계명입니다. 그러나 예수님은 “내가 너희에게 새로운 계명을 주겠노라”고 말씀하십니다. 새로운 계명이란 무엇을 말합니까?
이는 크리스천 형제자매들을 사랑하는 것은 예수님이 우리를 사랑하시는 것과 똑 같이 서로 사랑하는 것임을 의미합니다. 우리는 예수님이 보여 주신 십자가상에서의 희생적 사랑(sacrificial love)처럼 서로를 사랑해야만 합니다. 그러한 사랑은 사람들을 그리스도에게로 데려와 우리를 강하게 만들고 하나님께 적대적인(hostile) 이 세상에서 우리를 하나로 합치게(unite) 만드는 것입니다.

예, 예수님은 하나님의 사랑에 대한 살아계신 본보기입니다. 마찬가지로 우리는 이 세상에서 예수님의 사랑에 대한 살아 있는 본보기가 되어야 합니다.
로마서 5:8에서 말합니다.

“우리가 아직 죄인이었을 때, 그리스도께서 우리를 위해 죽으신 가운데 하나님께서 우리를 위한 자기 자신의 사랑을 보여주시느니라(demonstrate).”

요한복음 3: 16을 통해 우리는 알고 있습니다.

“하나님이 세상을 이처럼 사랑하사 독생자(one and only son)를 주셨으니 이는 그를 믿는 자마다 멸망하지(perish) 않고 영생을 얻게 하려 하심이라”

요한일서 3: 14에서는 이렇게 말하고 있습니다.

“우리는 (왜?) 우리 형제들을 사랑하기 때문에 사망으로부터 생명으로 옮겨진 것을 아느니라.”

우리는 바로 이를 통해 사랑이 무엇인지 알 수 있게 됩니다. 예수 그리스도는 우리를 위해 자기 생명을 내려놓으셨습니다. 그러므로 우리는 우리 형제자매들을 위해 우리의 생명을 내려놓아야 합니다. 이게 가능할까요? 쉽겠어요, 어렵겠어요?
성경은 계속해서(continually) 말씀하십니다.

“혀나 말로써 사랑하지 말고 행동과 진심으로 사랑하자!”

이것이 사랑인 것입니다. 우리가 하나님을 사랑한 것이 아니고, 하나님께서 먼저 우리를 사랑하셔서 우리의 죄를 인해 자기 아들을 속죄의 제물(atoning sacrifice)로 보내신 것입니다. 하나님께서 우리를 사랑하셨으므로 우리도 서로를 사랑해야만 합니다. 아무도 하나님을 본 사람은 없지만 우리가 만약 서로를 사랑한다면 하나님은 우리 안에 거하셔서 그의 사랑이 우리 안에서 온전케 이루어지는 것입니다.
사랑 안에서는 두려움이 없어집니다. 두려움은 징계(punishment)와 관계가 있습니다(have something to do with). 두려워하는 사람은 사랑 안에서 온전하거나 완벽해질 수 없습니다. 이게 가능할까요?

어떻게 우리는 예수님이 우리를 사랑하시듯이 다른 사람을 사랑할 수 있을까요?
그러한 사랑은 단지 어떤 감정 이상의 것입니다. 그것은 스스로 행동을 유발하는 하나의 태도(attitude)입니다. 어떻게 우리는 다른 사람들, 우리 형제자매들을 예수님이 우리를 사랑하시는 것처럼 사랑할 수 있을까요?
쉽지 않은(not convenient) 상황에서 그들을 도움으로써 가능합니다. 아플 때 부조함으로써, 내 자신보다는 다른 사람의 복리(welfare)를 위해 정력을 바침으로써, 불평하거나 저항하지 않고 다른 사람들의 상처만을 쳐다봄으로써 이것이 가능합니다.

우리는 이런 종류의 사랑은 실천하기가 매우 어렵다는 것을 압니다. 이것이 우리가 그런 일을 할 때 사람들이 우리가 예수님의 제자임을 알아보게(notice) 되는 이유인 것입니다. 우리는 초자연적인(supernatural) 근원으로부터 권능을 부여받게 됩니다.
예, 우리는 정말로, 진정으로 그리스도 안에서 형제자매들입니다. 형제자매들이라는 이 어휘는 단지 정서적인(sentimental) 표현에 그치는 것이 아니라 객관적(objective)으로 나타나는 사실을 말합니다. 왜냐하면 아무리 많은 크리스천들이 있다 하더라도 우리는 오직 한 분의 하나님만을 공유하기 때문입니다.

예, 우리는 우리 세상적인 부모님은 자기 자녀들이 형제자매로서 서로 사랑할 때 매우 행복해 하게 됨을 압니다. 마찬가지로 우리 아버지 하나님께서도 형제자매들이 하나가 되어(in unity) 함께 살아갈 때 기뻐하실 것입니다. 이것이 시편 133편 1절에서 다음과 같이 말하는 이유입니다.

“형제들이 하나가 되어 함께 살면 얼마나 선하고 즐거운 일인가!”

하나님께서 자기 사랑으로 우리를 축복하셔서 예수 그리스도의 권능으로 우리가 서로 사랑할 수 있기를 축원합니다.

다음 두 번째 키워드는 후덕(厚德)입니다. 제 2절을 읽으실까요?

2절: “나그네 대접하기(entertain)를 잊지 말지니, 그렇게 함으로써 자기도 모르게(without knowing it) 천사들을 대접한 이들도 있었느니라.”

(이와 관련하여) 여러분은 성경에 있는 어떤 사람을 아십니까? 예로서, 구약 창세기 18장에서 아브라함과 그 아내 사라는 그들이 모르는 세 나그네를 영접하고(receive) 그들이 천사인 줄을 모른 채 이들을 대접했습니다.
그렇습니다. 좁은 의미로 말하면(narrowly speaking) 천사들은 천사들, 즉 영적인 존재들입니다. 그러나 넓은 의미로 말하면 우리는 하나님이 보내신 사자(messenger)를 천사라 부를 수 있습니다. 문자 그대로(literally)의 천사는 사자 혹은 전령(herald)을 의미하기 때문입니다.
로마서 12: 13은 이렇게 말하고 있습니다.

“후덕이 실천되어야 한다. 후덕을 실천하라!(Practice hospitality)”

또한 베드로전서 4: 9에서는 이렇게 말합니다.

“원망(grumbling)하지 않고 서로 후덕을 베풀라!”

요한 3서 1: 8에서는 이렇게 말합니다.

“하나님 일을 하는 자들에게 후덕함을 보임으로써 우리가 진리를 위해 동역할(work together) 수 있도록 하라”

우리는 후덕에 관한 가르침이 2천 년 전에까지도 왜 그토록 매우 필요했던가에 대해 의아하게 생각할 수 있습니다. 우리는 2천 년 전의 그러한 상황에 대한 배경을 알 필요가 있습니다. 제가 당시의 시대적 상황을 일부 소개해드리겠습니다.

첫째로, 당시에는 고대의 호텔인 여인숙(inn)은 그 환경이 매우 열악(miserable)했습니다. 불결하고 위험한 곳이었던 거죠. 때로는 여인숙 안에서 이교도적 활동과 범죄행위들이 저질러지곤 했죠. 따라서 여인숙, 즉 호텔은 크리스천들에게는 마음에 내키거나(congenial) 건전한 곳이 아니었습니다.

둘째로, 당시에는 많은 크리스천들이 믿음 때문에 그 사회와 심지어는 그 가족으로부터 추방(deportation)당하는 고초를 겪었습니다. 또한 바울이나 그 동역자들처럼 여행을 다니며 사역하는 선교사들, 떠돌아다니는 교역자와 복음전파자들은 언제나 방랑길에 있었습니다. 노예들은 갈 수 있는 자기 집이 없었습니다. 소규모의 사업자들 또한 여행과 떠돌이 생활을 해야 했습니다.
이들 모두가 대접을 필요로 하는 사람들이었죠.

오늘의 경우는 어떻습니까? 예, 오늘도 우리에게는 집 없는 사람들(homeless people)이 있습니다. 말 그대로 뿐 아니라 정서 상으로(emotionally), 영적으로 집이 없어 거처를 필요로 하는 사람들이 많습니다.

예, 우리 주님, 우리 구원자이신 예수 그리스도는 이 땅에서의 자기 삶을 집 없는 사람들처럼 사셨습니다. 여러분은 이를 아십니까? 예수님께서는 수많은 밤을 산에서 기도하며 지내셨습니다. 예수님께서는 친히 말씀하셨습니다.

“여우들도 구멍이 있고, 공중의 새들도 보금자리가 있거늘 나는 내 머리를 둘 곳이 없도다.”

예수님은 자신을 홈리스(homeless)와, 나그네들과, 가난한 자들과, 약한 자들과 동일시한(identify) 것이죠. 마지막 날, 심판(judgment)의 날에 예수님은 그가 이미 보여주신 대로 이렇게 말씀하실 것입니다. 그는 자기의 진정한 추종자(follower)들에게 말씀하셨습니다.

“내가 굶주렸을 때 너희가 내게 먹을 것을 주었노라. 내가 목말랐을(thirsty) 때 너희가 내게 마실 것을 주었노라. 내가 나그네(stranger)이었을 때 너희가 나를 영접하였노라.”

이들이 놀라서 이렇게 물을 수 있습니다.

“주님, 제가 언제, 어떻게요?”

그러자 예수님이 말씀하십니다.

“내 형제들 중 가장 작은 단 한명을 위해 무엇을 하든 너희는 나를 위해 한 것이니라.”

그렇습니다. 후덕이란 무엇입니까? 후덕이란 단순히 다른 사람들이 안락하고(comfortable) 편안하게 느끼도록(feel at home) 해주는 것을 의미합니다. 천사들을 대접할 기회를 필요로 하는 것보다는 더 관대하게 후덕을 실천하는 것이 훨씬 더 낫습니다.
시대를 초월해서 기독교는 열린 문, 열린 마음의 종교임을 기억하십시오. 오늘도 그들은 이 세상에서 하나님이 누구이고 예수님이 누구인지 알 수 있도록 우리에게서 후덕을 필요로 하고 있습니다.

셋째로, 마지막 키워드는 동정심 혹은 공감(共感)입니다. 마지막 절인 3절을 읽으실까요?

3절: “마치 너희도 함께 갇힌 죄수인 것처럼 옥에 갇힌 자들을 기억하고, 마치 너희자신이 고난을 받고 있는 것처럼 학대받는(mistreat) 자들을 기억하라.”

예수님은 육신(flesh)이 되셨습니다. 이것이 의미하는 바는 무엇일까요?
그렇습니다. 예수님은 인간이 되었습니다. 예수님이 인간이 되었다는 것은 그가 우리의 인간성(humanity), 우리의 허약성(weakness), 우리의 시험 들기(temptation)에 있어 우리들, 여러분과 저와 동일하게 되셨음을 의미합니다.
히브리서 2: 18에서는 이렇게 말합니다.

“그가 시험을 당해 고난을 겪으셨으니, 그는 시험 당하는 자들을 도우실 수 있느니라.”

계속해서 이 책은 이렇게 말하고 있습니다.

“우리에게는 우리의 연약함을 동정하실(sympathize) 수 있는 제사장(high priest)이 계십니다.”

우리가 시험을 당하듯이 그도 모든 방법으로, 그러나 죄를 범하지 않으시고, 시험을 당하실 수 있으십니다. 그러므로 확신을 가지고 자신 있게 은혜의 면류관에 다가가 긍휼을 받고 은혜를 받아 필요할 때 도움을 받으십시다.

우리는 옥에 갇힌 사람들(the imprisoned), 학대받는 사람들(the mistreated)과 마음을 같이 할 의지가 있어야 합니다.

죄는 죄인들이 죄 아래에서 팔리는 노예시장과 같습니다.
죄는 감옥과 같습니다. 죄는 죄인이 사형선고(sentence of death) 하에 묶여 있는 감옥과 마찬가지입니다. 그래서 예수님은 십자가에 죽으심으로 이 시장에서, 이 감옥에서 우리를 사 오신 것이며, 이는 죄의 사역으로부터의 온전한 구제(deliverance), 온전한 석방(freedom)을 의미하는 것입니다.
예수님은 보혈(precious blood)이라는 대가를 지불하시고 우리가 메인 죄의 사슬(chain, bond)을 푸심으로써(loosen) 우리를 자유케 하셨습니다. 예수님은 친히 우리를 위해 깨어진 율법의 저주가 되어 우리를 구속하셨습니다(redeem). 이는 예수님의 죽으심이 죄의 감옥, 죽음의 감옥, 지옥의 감옥으로부터의 우리의 온전한 구제, 우리의 온전한 자유를 위해 지불된 속죄 제물(ransom)이 되셨음을 의미합니다.
갈라디아서 5: 1에서는 이렇게 말하고 있습니다.

“그리스도가 우리를 자유케 하신(set free) 것은 자유를 위함이라. 그러므로 굳건하게 서서(stand firm) 다시는 너희 스스로 종의 멍에(yoke)를 지지 말라”

오늘날 우리 주위에는 진정한 자유를 필요로 하는 사람이 많습니다. 여러분이 아시듯이 모든 종류의 자유는 오직 예수 그리스도 안에서만 가능합니다. 예수님께서는 친히 말씀하십니다.

“나는 진리이다. 진리를 알지어다. 진리가 너희를 자유케 하리라.”

이는 자유는 오직 진리 안에서 찾을 수 있고 즐길 수 있음을 의미합니다. 그러므로 예수께서는 말씀하십니다.

“나는 진리이다.”

또한 마지막 날, 심판의 날에 예수님께서는 자기의 진정한 추종자들에게, 진정한 제자들에게 이렇게 말씀하실 것입니다.

“내가 감옥에 있을 때 너희가 나를 보러 왔었노라.”

그 때 그들은 놀래서 이렇게 묻습니다.

“주님이시여, 언제, 어떻게 그렇게 했습니까?”

그러자 예수님이 말씀하십니다.

“내 형제들 중 가장 작은 자들 중 한 사람이라도 위해서 무슨 일을 하든 나를 위해 한 것이니라.”

예, 우리는 능력이 있고 권세(authority)가 있으며 우리는 특권(privilege)이 있고 우리는 축복이 있어 예수 그리스도 안에서 예수 그리스도의 권능에 의해 진정으로 자유를 필요로 하는 사람들과 이런 종류의 자유를 나눌 수 있습니다. 꼭 기억하십시오.
2절에서는 잊지 말라고 말하고, 3절에서는 기억하라고 말합니다. 적어도 이 주일동안 만큼은 이 세 가지 키워드를 잊지 마시고 꼭 기억하십시다. 이 키워드들을 여러분은 기억하십니까? 세 가지 키워드는

i) 사랑
ii) 후덕
iii) 동정심

입니다.

하나님께서 자기의 사랑으로, 자기의 후덕으로, 그리고 자기의 동정심으로 우리를 축복하셔서 우리가 이 세상에서 이 놀라운 사랑, 후덕 및 동정심(공감)을 이와 같은 사랑, 후덕 및 동정심을 필요로 하는 사람들과 더불어 나눌 수 있기를 축원합니다. 아멘.
갓 블레스 유, 갓 블레스 유! 다 같이 기도합시다.

             - 아 멘 -
  • Sep 01 / 2019
  • Comments Off on Jesus Christ is the Source of our Eternal Salvation (Hebrews 5:1-10)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Jesus Christ is the Source of our Eternal Salvation (Hebrews 5:1-10)

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Jesus Christ is the Source of our Eternal Salvation

Hebrews 5:1-10 (Pastor Heo)

5:1 Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people.

4 No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was. 5 So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him,

“You are my Son;

today I have become your Father.” 6 And he says in another place,

“You are a priest forever,

in the order of Melchizedek.”

7 During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. 8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.


Jesus is our Great High Priest, superior to any human High Priest. Last week, we saw the differences between them.

Human: Earth, is continually changed (replaced), offered sacrifices for their own sins + others, entered Most Holy Place once / year, did not die for others, could not intercede for others in heaven, no right / power to forgive – they could do nothing to remove sins

Jesus: Heaven, eternal High Priest, no need to offer sacrifice for his own sins, went to heaven once for all, died for all human beings, intercedes for us now in heaven, has power / privilege / right to save and remove sins (1 John 2:2 “Jesus Christ is the propitiation (atoning sacrifice) for our sins.”)

5:1-10 – These 10 verses show the commonalities and differences of the qualifications and functions between a human High Priest and Great High Priest

  • v 1-4 = Human High Priest
  • v 5-10 = Story of Jesus

v. 1-4

“1 Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people.

4 No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was. “

There are 3 S’s – the qualifications for a human High Priest:

1. Solidarity

v. 1 “Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins.”

Solidarity = oneness with humanity – fundamental for the priestly ministry – no deceased soul, no angel could satisfy this – it must be a living human being. The High Priest was a representative of the people to God (making atoning sacrifice for sins)- and God to the people (teaching His word).

In that day, only the High Priest could enter the Most Holy Place with the blood of the slain animal to atone for the sins of the community.

High Priest = must be human

Only a man can represent other men. (Solidarity)

2. Sympathy

(Compassion)

v. 2 “He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray [KJV: He can have compassion / sympathy on those who are going astray…], since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people. “

The High Priest is only a man, only a human being, subject to the same weaknesses and faults, and mortality and human limitations. He also needed mercy, compassion, sympathy from God. He was not better than other people, so he must have been able to see how he also was weak.

3. Selection

v. 4 “No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was.”

The position of High Priest carried special honor – but no one could become a High Priest simply by desiring it. God himself appointed the High Priest – he must be called and appointed by God.

Do you know the story of Aaron?

In the wilderness after the Exodus, he made a golden calf as an idol. Nevertheless, God called him as a priest during the wandering in the wilderness. Leviticus 8-9 describes the ceremony to become a priest. Aaron and his sons were washed, placed their hands on bulls and rams as they were killed, and given special clothes. This shows that holiness and selection comes from God himself, not from man.

In the OT, some people tried to do the function of priest by their own choice and were judged by God.

  • King Saul invaded the priesthood and lost his kingdom.
  • Cora and his followers tried to make himself priest, God judged them immediately.
  • King Uziah tried to enter the temple and burn incense, but God struck him with leprosy until he died.

Qualifications for a Human High Priest

  1. Solidarity
  2. Sympathy
  3. Selection

Qualifications of Jesus Christ as our Great High Priest (we need to focus more on it) – there are 5.

1. Solidarity

Jesus became man to become our representative and understand us fully and experience all things we also experience

v. 5 “So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him,

“You are my Son;

today I have become your Father.”

2. Sympathy

This makes it very clear – Jesus became man. John 3:16 also: “God so loved the world that he gave his one and only son…”

Phil “Jesus, by very nature God, became man…”

“…he became obedient to the point of death on a cross…”

3. Selection

Jesus is not a temporal High Priest, but eternal – that’s why he even now can intercede for us.

v. 6 “And he says in another place,

“You are a priest forever,

in the order of Melchizedek.”

This is difficult to understand, but if you can, it is very helpful.

Melchizedek – from Psalm 110:4

Yes we know, all human High Priests belong to the order of Levites (Aaron). Aaron was the first “official” ordained High Priest in the OT.

But Jesus belongs to the order of Melchizedek – not Aaron.

Who is Melchizedek?

This name is mentioned in only 2 places in the OT.

Genesis 14, Psalm 110

In the NT, his name is mentioned only in THIS book – Hebrews (10 times). Here it is mentioned 2x (v. 6, 10). We will see his name also again later.

  • Aaron was from the tribe of Levi.
  • Jesus was not. He was from the tribe of Judah – through the seed of David.

Aaron was the first official High Priest – he started to appear in Exodus.

Melchizedek appears in Genesis – about 500 years before Aaron. He blessed Abraham and received a tithe from Abraham. This means he was higher (and before) Aaron.

He was a real man. His name means, “King of righteousness, king of peace.” He is the only person in history who was a king AND a priest. He was a kingly priest, and a priestly king.

There is no story about his origin – but God used him as a symbol and picture of Jesus as our King AND Priest – our righteousness forever and ever.

4. Submission & Prayer

Jesus lived a life of prayer. God bless us all to be a person of prayer as well.

v. 7 “During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from [out of] death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission.”

He did not pray to escape physical death on the cross – but he believed and prayed for his resurrection.

He prayed during his life and ministry regularly and habitually. He spent long seasons in prayer – sometimes overnight prayer. At other times, he got up very early and prayed, at other times – before great tasks. Luke 22:44 “In great anguish, he prayed so earnestly that his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.”

He prayed submissively and obediently.

Imagine – if the Son of God needed to pray – how much more do we (weak) human beings need to pray?

Phil 2:5 “Your attitude must be like that of Christ Jesus.”

5. Man of Humility

v. 8 “8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered “

He emptied himself, took on the form of a servant, was found in the likeness of human beings and obeyed to the point of death. He was also meek and humble on earth. He was so rich – as God – but he became poor to make us rich.

We know the story of Christmas. He was born in a stable (an animal food box) because there was no room for him in the inn. He confessed, “I have no place to put my head.”

He said, “I did not come to be served but to serve and give my life as a ransom for many.”

He washed the feet of his students.

Conclusion:

What is the title of today’s sermon?

Jesus is the Source of our Eternal Salvation

v. 9-10 “and, once made perfect, he became *the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him* 10 and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.”

Question: Am I obeying him?

What is salvation?

It is forgiveness of sin. Delivery from the bondage of Satan – becoming a child of God – freedom from condemnation and the penalty of hell – eternal life.

“He became the source of Eternal Salvation” (v. 9)

Please make this sure in your hearts. Salvation can be found only in Jesus Christ.

Hebrews 7:25 “Jesus Christ is able to save completely those who come to God through him because he always lives to intercede for us.”

Acts 4:12 “Salvation is found in no one else for these is no other name under heaven by which we must be saved.”

There are many good / great / wonderful men – but salvation can be found ONLY in Christ.

Yes, we know there are many religions around us. Religion is good because no religion says, “Do evil” – all religions teach us to do good. But in the matter of salvation, it is only found in Jesus Christ.

How can we receive this salvation? v. 9 “and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him”

“Obey him” is essential. What does this mean? To do what he says.

God bless you.

Obey him:

  1. Believe in him
  2. Accept him as personal savior / Lord
  3. Commit my whole life for his glory / kingdom

“If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me.”

Application:

Part one: The qualifications of human High Priests

If we are saved, this is important, but I’ll tell the meaning next time. Here’s the title: “If we are saved, God is calling us as Priests.”

Are you saved? Then you have a right / authority / privilege / responsibility to say:

“I’m a priest.”

Please remember this until next Sunday. Next Sunday, I’ll share: What does this mean?

This is not my word, but the word of God.

1 Peter 2:9 “You are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, so that you may announce the praises of him who called you out of darkness and into his wonderful light.” (Meditate on and memorize this verse)

Next week, I’ll share continually what the meaning of “I’m a Priest” is.

Bless your neighbor, “Priest, God bless you.”

Let’s pray.

  • Aug 25 / 2019
  • Comments Off on Jesus is our Great High Priest (Hebrews 4:14-16)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Jesus is our Great High Priest (Hebrews 4:14-16)

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Jesus is Our Great High Priest

Hebrews 4:14-16 (Pastor Heo)

14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. 15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are–yet was without sin. 16 Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.


There is a clear division between God and man. Only one person claims to be both: Jesus.

  • v. 14 – Focuses on Jesus’ Divinity (fully God)
  • v. 15 – Focuses on Jesus’ Humanity (fully Man)
  • v. 16 – Therefore, we can approach him with confidence – because he is fully Man, but also fully God.

He is our “best friend” – as a human being. But also all powerful as God.

v. 14-16

14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. 15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are–yet was without sin. 16 Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.

In this book, the word “priest” is found between 35-40 times (depending on the translation).

In history, the priesthood began with Aaron. Only the priests could enter the holy place in the temple.

Jesus is our Great High Priest. No other High Priest could assume this title: “Great.”

The Son of God (v. 14) affirms his diety and the fact that he is God. So, Jesus can bring ALL humans to God; and at the same time, he can bring what God has to ALL humans. In this point, he is “Great.”

This book Hebrews makes the clearest statement between a High Priest and the Great High Priest. High Priest is only a shadow that points to the Great High Priest who is Christ.

Differences:

  • Human High Priest = from earth, and changes (they all die)
    • Great High Priest is from heaven, and never changes
  • Human High Priests offered sacrifices for themselves first and then others (they also need forgiveness) – animals were the sacrifice.
    • Jesus offered sacrifice for others first (he is sinless) – he himself was the sacrifice.
  • Human High Priests enter the Most Holy Place only once per year (and continually)
    • Jesus entered heaven Once for All
  • High Priests showed the way to the presence of God with a curtain – to the presence of God – humans could not intercede for us in heaven, and no power to take away sins.
    • Jesus himself is The Way, The Gate – Jesus intercedes for us in heaven and has the power to forgive and remove sins – the sin of the world.

The entrance to the Most Holy Place was guarded by three gates. High Priests entered the first (main) place with the blood of an animal – then, they entered the Holy Place, and finally, they entered the MOST Holy Place – where they sprinkled the blood of the animal on the Mercy Seat – the cover of the Ark.

The High Priest had to sprinkle blood for their own sins first, and then stay in the Most Holy Place for only a short time.

1 John “Jesus is the propitiation (atoning sacrifice) for our sins.”

v. 14 “… through the heavens…”

(This is not singular – but plural). Just as there were three stages to the temple, there were also 3 stages to heaven.

  1. Atmosphere
  2. Outer space
  3. God’s presence (the Most Holy Place)

“Therefore, …let us hold firmly to the faith we profess.” (v. 14)

“Profess” = public confession

Romans 10:9 “If you confess with your mouth Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that he rose again from the dead, you will be saved.”

Matt 10:32-33 “Whoever acknowledges me before men, I will also acknowledge him before my father in heaven. But whoever disowns me before men, I will also disown him in heaven.”

This profession of faith = public confession of faith.
Can you open your beautiful mouth? Open it widely to profess this.

  • v. 14 = Focuses on Jesus’ Diety
  • v. 15 = Focuses on Jesus’ Humanity

This is amazing, a mystery, but true.

Jesus is fully God, but at the same time, fully Man (not almost man, not 99.99999%, but 100% God and 100% man).

v. 15

“For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are — yet was without sin.”

Can you imagine this?

Jesus has been tempted in EVERY WAY just as we are – he was born with a body, mind, soul, like we do. He had human weaknesses, emotions. He felt tired, hungry, thirsty, he crawled like a baby, talked like a baby, lived a complete human life like you and me. Why?

  1. To experience our weaknesses – to share our weaknesses – with a body, mind, and soul. He was misunderstood and persecuted – even to the point of death on the cross.
  • The fact that he was tempted = He’s man
  • The fact that he was sinless = He’s perfect (God)

Who can say, “I’m without sin”? No one. Only Jesus.

Temptation:

Jesus was TEMPTED, but did not sin. If we really understand the meaning of this sentence, it will be very helpful and encouraging to us.

Think of this:

Who knows better what the temptation is and how powerful it is? He who sins? Or he who does not sin?

We may think that he who sins knows it well, and he who does not sin doesn’t know it’s power.

No. The OPPOSITE is true.

Only those who RESIST temptation know the TRUE power of temptation.

  1. For example, we can know the power of Mike Tyson (boxer) only by fighting against him, not by surrendering to him.
  2. We understand the strength of the wind by running against it, not by lying down in the room.
  3. If we give in to temptation after only 5 minutes, we do not know what it would be like 1 hour later.

Example.

Tempter: Satan

The Tempter tempts you to sin. If he says, “Do this. If you do this, I’ll give you one candy.” If you do that with the offer of that one candy, it means you yielded to temptation with the prize of one candy. If you kneel down to this one candy, the Tempter does not need to offer you 2, 3, 5, 10 candies.

But, if you reject ONE candy, he will offer 10, 20, 50, 100 candies.

But we never experienced the temptation with 1,000,000,000 candies. Because we give in to temptation after only a few candies.

Please understand this very clearly.

The fact that Jesus never sinned means that he never gave into temptation. That he never gave into temptation means that he experienced the EXTREME FINAL POWER of temptation (1,000,000,000 candies…)

We’ve never experienced the most powerful temptation because we surrender to it much sooner than the last stage comes.

Jesus was tempted FAR BEYOND what we are.

Think of this in terms of pain.

There is a degree of pain which the human frame can stand. But when that degree is passed, a person loses consciousness so that there are agonies of pain that he cannot feel.

It is so with temptation.

We fall down and collapse in the face of temptation. But Jesus faced temptation and went to Humanity’s limit and FAR BEYOND it – but did not collapse.

He was tempted in ALL things we are tempted, and so he can say to us, “I was tempted as you are today.” But we cannot say to Jesus, “I’m being tempted as you were.”

Jesus experienced all temptations humanity has, but we have never experienced all the temptations he has.

This means, he can understand US completely, but we do not understand him completely.

v. 15 “… he is able to sympathize with our weaknesses…”

In Greek, to sympathize means “to share as mine through practical experience.”

If you have weaknesses, hardships, problems, I’m a pastor and I can pray for, encourage, help you. But, I’m NOT able to sympathize with your suffering unless I have the SAME suffering you’ve had. This is the literal meaning of sympathy.

Even your husband and wife cannot sympathize with you unless they have the SAME experience you have.

Only Jesus is able.

We need sympathy because we are imperfect. When you need sympathy, to whom do you go? Family? Husband, wife, close friend, coworkers? But remember, we must go to Jesus first, because Jesus is our BEST friend and BEST understander and BEST sympathizer.

When this life has drenched us with tears, we can go to Jesus because He. Has. Been. There.

Jesus can give us power, wisdom, knowledge, and love to help us overcome all temptations, weaknesses, and sufferings.

Hallelujah!

Hebrews 8:2 “Because he suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.”

  • 2 Cor “No sin…”
  • 1 Peter 2 “No sin is found in his mouth, he committed no sin.”
  • 1 John? “No sin…”

v. 16

“Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.”

If you receive God’s Word and apply it to your life, it will change your life.

Yes, we need mercy and grace. It is essential. We are needing the mercy and grace of God all the time. These two go together practically all the time. There is a logical difference, but practically, they are ONE.

  • Mercy = “God does not give us what we deserve”
  • Grace = “God gives us what we do not deserve”

We need mercy for our past failures, mistakes, errors, sins.
We need grace for our present and future needs, and victory.

No trial is too great – no temptation is too strong – because Jesus is Greater than them.

Even heaven cannot contain Christ – even heaven is too small a place for Christ.

“Approach” = with prayer – communication with God through Christ. This is our best privilege and right through Christ. Remember, if we do not pray, we rob ourselves of the great and timely resources God holds for us.

God bless us with more mercy and grace.

Read once more.

v. 16

“Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.”

God bless you.

Let’s pray.

So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Listen