Luke 24:25-27 (Pastor Brian)
24:25 He said to them, “How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken!
26 Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?”
27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself.
Context, two people were going to Emmaus and discussing the previous week’s events (quite depressing). Jesus met them along the way and spoke with them. They told him all about the events of the previous week – that Jesus had been crucified and they had expected the Messiah to be him and to save the people. They said that some women had gone to the tomb and seen he was not there.
Jesus then rebuked them with the words of Luke 24:25-27.
The disciples had only concentrated on the GLORY of the Messiah and not the suffering. But Jesus pointed out in the OT how the Messiah had to suffer FIRST before he could be glorified.
He went into the OT prophets, from Moses, and explained to them all these things. From redemption, to suffering, and so on.
“There’s no shadow you won’t light up” – from the music – there are many shadows and types in the OT, and Jesus, the Living Word was here revealing the Written Word. He was revealing that the Scriptures spoke of him.
Dr. Stephen Lawson says,
- The OT says he’s coming,
- The NT says he’s here,
- The Acts proclaim him,
- The Epistles explain him,
- Revelation says He’s coming again.
Genesis “In the Beginning, God created…”
John 1:3 “Everything that was made was made by him. There is nothing that is made that was not made by him.”
Col 1:16 “All things are by him, and in him, and for him”
Rev 21 “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with you.”
The Bible is really a “Him” Book (hymn book) – it’s all about him.
We see the perfect unity in the OT here as affirmed by the Lord – there is only one Creation, only one entrance into original sin, only one design for the family, only one judgment, only one redemption, only one final eternal state.
- In the OT, the books are written more precisely.
- In the NT, the books provide greater clarity and light on the books.
There were many “types” scattered throughout the OT – but they were all flawed – only Jesus is the perfect “anti-type.”
Adam – the first man – fell – the head
Jesus = the last Adam – a new race, those who believe in him and become part of his body
Later, due to the wickedness in the world, God judged the world with the flood. Only Noah and 8 in the ark were spared. “Noah” means “rest” and they were spared the judgment.
Jesus is “rest” – “Come unto me all who are weary and heavy-laden and I’ll give you rest.”
Jesus bore the judgment that was due us on the cross and gave us his own righteousness to be accepted in him.
Samson – a mighty judge – but in his death, he destroyed more of the enemies than in his lifetime. In his typology of his death and conquering the enemies of Israel, this is a picture of Jesus in crushing the serpant’s head – victorious over death and all the demons were brought under subjection to him.
Samson’s death mirrors Jesus’ death in the conquering of enemies.
Jesus’ death and resurrection fulfilled the prophecy God had given to Adam and Eve in Genesis 3:15 “I will put enmity between your seed and hers… you will strike his heel, but he will crush your head.” That’s what happened on the cross – it looked like a defeat, but it was a great victory.
The shepherd and his victory over Goliath – David just used the sling and stones. He was a shepherd. Jesus is the Good Shepherd.
David suffered under persecution from King Saul for a while before finally ascending to be king of Israel.
In him, we can see a shadow of Jesus.
For most of his reign, it was a peaceful reign – until the end when he unfortunately succumbed to the lusts and idolatry that plagued the latter part of his life.
These men all seem to have lust / women troubles – so their typology only goes so far. Jesus was without sin.
These people are types / shadows of Jesus.
Son of Isaac, sold by his brothers, falsely accused, suffered much – before he was raised to rule in Egypt.
Jesus likewise was betrayed, sold, suffered, and eventually rose to glory on the third day.
An upright, wealthy man, but challenged by Satan – “God, Job only loves you because of what you’ve given him – but take it away and he will curse you.” God gave him access and Satan took it – Job suffered much – but in the end it was all restored doubly.
Jesus likewise was tempted by Satan and suffered greatly, but was more than wholly restored on the third day.
king / priest was a picture of the King / Priest Jesus would become.
a savior of his people into the Promised Land – leader into Canaan – name means “savior.”
There were also other types and shadows in sacrifices and feasts that showed Jesus.
The Passover Lamb
The Passover lamb, the scape goat, the Day of Atonement. One goat was sacrificed, another goat was laid upon with the sins of the people and sent out into the wilderness.
This symbolized how Jesus would also take on the sins of all humanity and go into the darkness, but emerge victorious.
- destroys the body, but is also a picture of sin – how it destroys the soul.
Two birds for sacrifice
- one dipped in blood (death), one released into heaven (his resurrection).
Guilt offering, sin offering, thankfulness offering
- all are pictures of Jesus.
In the very places they were offered are also symbols and types of Jesus.
Tabernacle and temple
The tabernacle, the temple, he is our bread of life (they had show bread in the temple). “Man doesn’t live by bread alone but on every word proceeding from the mouth of God.”
The ark of the covenant
- with the 10 commandments – was also a picture of Jesus bearing the wrath of God so that we don’t need to.
When Jesus had to die, it shows the terrible nature of sin – and how the holiness of God disallows him to look upon sin – so a sacrifice had to be made.
Dr. Lawson points out as well:
Emmaus was 7 miles NW of Jerusalem. The average person takes 17 min to walk one mile – so this walk should take 119 min (less than 2 hours). So Jesus couldn’t go into every detail in Scripture – so he probably just hit the “highlights” as we have here.
But in v 26 he asks them, “Was it not necessary for Christ to suffer?”
The disciples had only focused on his glory, not his suffering, but the 5 major prophets including Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc, clearly depicted this.
We read of Jesus’ birth in Isaiah and Micah. Isaiah (the 5th gospel some say) also shows so many aspects of Christ’s ministry, life, and suffering – including his birth. Isaiah 53 in particular depicts his crucifixion. “…by his wounds we are healed.” (Isaiah 53:5)
Primarily, we are healed spiritually through his suffering.
The return of Christ in Ezekiel and Daniel.
Jeremiah also promises that God will not remember our sins. Jer 31:34 “And they shall teach no more – every man his neighbor – for they shall all know me. And I shall remember their sins no more.”
Isaiah “I am he who blots out your transgressions and remembers your sins…NO MORE.”
Ezekiel, Daniel, Zechariah show the return of Christ.
You can see that we’ve only covered a handful of Scriptures that would cover the suffering of Christ as depicted in the OT.
The disciples said, “our hearts burned within us” and they invited him in to eat with them – and in the breaking of bread, he was recognized. This is also symbolic – when we break bread, we recognize he is present.
They returned and told the others. He’d also appeared to Simon (Peter) who’d denied Christ 3 times. He had wept and probably thought “It’s all over for me.” But the fact that Jesus appeared personally to him must have been incredibly meaningful to Simon.
Jesus spoke to them, “It was necessary for all that was written in the Prophets, and the Psalms to be fulfilled.” And he opened their understanding. We also need to ask the Lord to open up our own understanding.
“Thus it is written and necessary for the Christ to suffer and die and be raised on the third day. And repentance and remission must be preached to all nations in his name.”
This is still necessary today.
You know, there’s been a teaching in the church these days call “hyper grace” saying “we don’t need to confess because Jesus died for our sins yesterday, today, and forever.” But this is not true. “If we confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.”
Repentance is a life-long process – even in Revelation, Jesus rebukes some churches for not repenting. We also must confess to each other, but we need to keep a place of humility, and repent as Scriptures say.
This is just a short overview of some of the things Jesus would have highlighted as the necessity of his suffering.