2 Samuel is the Book of David (1:1-27, 7:12-13, 16)

November 15, 2015

Book: 2 Samuel

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2 Samuel is the Book of David

1:1-27, 7:12-13, 16 (Pastor Heo)

David Hears of Saul’s Death

1:4-12pp — 1Sa 31:1-13; 1Ch 10:1-12

1 After the death of Saul, David returned from defeating the Amalekites and stayed in Ziklag two days. 2 On the third day a man arrived from Saul’s camp, with his clothes torn and with dust on his head. When he came to David, he fell to the ground to pay him honor. 3 “Where have you come from?” David asked him. He answered, “I have escaped from the Israelite camp.” 4 “What happened?” David asked. “Tell me.” He said, “The men fled from the battle. Many of them fell and died. And Saul and his son Jonathan are dead.”

5 Then David said to the young man who brought him the report, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?” 6 “I happened to be on Mount Gilboa,” the young man said, “and there was Saul, leaning on his spear, with the chariots and riders almost upon him. 7 When he turned around and saw me, he called out to me, and I said, ‘What can I do?’ 8 “He asked me, ‘Who are you?’ “ ‘An Amalekite,’ I answered. 9 “Then he said to me, ‘Stand over me and kill me! I am in the throes of death, but I’m still alive.’ 10 “So I stood over him and killed him, because I knew that after he had fallen he could not survive. And I took the crown that was on his head and the band on his arm and have brought them here to my lord.” 11 Then David and all the men with him took hold of their clothes and tore them. 12 They mourned and wept and fasted till evening for Saul and his son Jonathan, and for the army of the LORD and the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword. 13 David said to the young man who brought him the report, “Where are you from?” “I am the son of an alien, an Amalekite,” he answered. 14 David asked him, “Why were you not afraid to lift your hand to destroy the LORD’s anointed?” 15 Then David called one of his men and said, “Go, strike him down!” So he struck him down, and he died. 16 For David had said to him, “Your blood be on your own head. Your own mouth testified against you when you said, ‘I killed the LORD’s anointed.’ “

David’s Lament for Saul and Jonathan

17 David took up this lament concerning Saul and his son Jonathan, 18 and ordered that the men of Judah be taught this lament of the bow (it is written in the Book of Jashar): 19 “Your glory, O Israel, lies slain on your heights. How the mighty have fallen! 20 “Tell it not in Gath, proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon, lest the daughters of the Philistines be glad, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised rejoice. 21 “O mountains of Gilboa, may you have neither dew nor rain, nor fields that yield offerings [of grain]. For there the shield of the mighty was defiled, the shield of Saul–no longer rubbed with oil. 22 From the blood of the slain, from the flesh of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan did not turn back, the sword of Saul did not return unsatisfied. 23 “Saul and Jonathan– in life they were loved and gracious, and in death they were not parted. They were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions. 24 “O daughters of Israel, weep for Saul, who clothed you in scarlet and finery, who adorned your garments with ornaments of gold. 25 “How the mighty have fallen in battle! Jonathan lies slain on your heights. 26 I grieve for you, Jonathan my brother; you were very dear to me. Your love for me was wonderful, more wonderful than that of women. 27 “How the mighty have fallen! The weapons of war have perished!”

7:12 “When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.”

7: 16 Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.’ ”

  • 1 Samuel last week
  • 2 Samuel this week

These two were originally ONE book in the Hebrew Bible – divided into 2 parts in the translated Greek Septusion, and Latin Bulgate Bibles.

  • 1 Samuel = transition of leadership from judges to kings, priest Eli to last judge Samuel to first king Saul.
  • 2 Samuel = continuation, sequel.
  • 1 Samuel = 3 characters: Samuel, Saul, David
  • 2 Samuel = David (Samuel died in chp 25 of previous book, Saul also died in previous book)
  • 2 Samuel = begins and ends with David’s story – this is the “book of David” – focused on the life of David (24 chapters – covering 40 years + 6 months – this is the period of David’s reign as king)
  • 1 Samuel 16 – David was anointed as king as a teenager, but had to wait MANY years to be recognized and enthroned as the true king – after Saul died.

2 Samuel’s David’s story = 3 parts (24 chps)

  1. Chp 1-10 (GOOD story)
    David’s triumphs (success stories)
  2. Chp 11 (BAD story)
    Bathsheba? David’s sin and transgressions
  3. Chp 12-24 (SAD story)
    David’s troubles from his sin – and suffering

Part ONE (Triumphs = The Good)

Chp 1 – he heard the news of the death of Saul and Jonathan. Yes, last week, we saw how much Saul tried to kill David just because of his selfishness. Yet, at the news of the death of Saul, David wasn’t happy – he mourned for Saul and wrote a lament of sorrow (what a gentleman he is/was).

He was then ordained again as king. He began as king of the southern area first – 7 years, 6 months. At that same time, the northern area, Abnel (Saul’s man) made Saul’s son Eshibothes?? the king. During this time, there was a civil war between the house of David and the house of Saul. Saul’s house decreased and David’s increased. Finally, he was victorious and he became king over the ENTIRE land (age 30) – he reigned 33 years. Totally – 40 years, 6 months.

After he became king, the FIRST thing he did was march to Jerusalem and attack the soldiers who lived there and made it “officially” the capital of Israel – and he brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem (he danced publicly with joy) – this is why this is called the “City of David” – also bringing the box to the city showed God’s kingship over the nation. At this point, David wanted to establish God’s house (temple) in the city, but God said, “not yet.”

This is also where God made the Davidic Covenant and said, “I WILL make your kingdom endure forever” (3 times in chp 7).

Also, David defeated all the neighboring nations and they brought him tribute. Yes, David succeeded greatly in whatever he did – politically, spiritually, socially. He is a great poet, musician, king, etc.

This is his success story.

Part TWO (chp 11 – BAD story)

This is now David’s “Golden Time” in EVERY area of life – it was here, at the PEAK, that he fell down. This is a shameful story.

1 Cor 10:12 “If you think you are standing firm, be careful that you also do not fall down.”

When David thought he was at the highest point in his life, he fell down because of his pride (sins).

  • David + Bathsheba + Uriah
  • = adultery + murder + first baby’s death

After committing adultery with Bathsheba, he TRIED to hide his sin (he called Uriah home and told him to go sleep with his wife – sneaky, sneaky – he didn’t, he slept in the stables). Since that didn’t work, David had him placed at the FRONT of the battle lines and then all the army withdrew from him so he was killed.

Nathan the prophet came to David to confront him.

Because of this sin, his victories in the first part are changed to terrible sufferings and difficulties which are recorded in the rest of 2 Samuel.

Part THREE (SAD story – chp 12-24)

Because of this sin, God was very much displeased with David. (He later confessed in Psalm 51?)

Nathan came to David and told him a parable. “There were two men in the same place – one VERY rich with so many animals, one VERY poor with only one LITTLE lamb – like a daughter to him. One day, a visitor came to visit the rich man, who took the little lamb of the poor man and killed it to feed his visitor.”

David “As surely as the LORD lives, that man must DIE! He must repay 4 times this!”

Nathan “YOU! YOU are this man! You are more than this rich man!”

God (through Nathan) “I made you king over this nation. I gave you your master’s house, his wives, all victories, all you needed/wanted. If that had not been enough, I would have given you more! Why did you despise me by doing what is evil in my eyes? From now, the calamity and blood and sword will NEVER depart from your house!”

David “I’ve sinned!” (Psalm 51?)

He was forgiven, yet, he still must pay the price.

7 prices he paid for this sin:

(more than this nationally – but this is only in his household)

  1. The first baby (of the adultery) died as a baby
  2. His son (Amnon) committed incest with David’s daughter – raped his own sister Tamar (different mother). He hated her more than he’d loved her and kicked her out from his room.
  3. Two years later, Tamar’s (real) brother Absolom killed Amnon in revenge.
  4. Absolom stole the hearts of the men of Israel from David – he conspired to be king. It gradually gained strength and increased. David became weak as he became strong.
  5. Because of that, David became a refugee – he fled his own house.
  6. During his absence from Jerusalem, Absolom came to Jerusalem and raped his father’s second wive(s) and concubines – in the sight of all Israel – in broad daylight. David sinned secretly at nighttime, yet his son committed this terrible sin in the daytime in front of all Israel.
  7. There was fighting between David’s men and Absolom’s men. David told his commander to “be gentle with Absolom for my sake” (i.e. don’t kill him) – yet, Joab the commander killed the son (as he was hanging from a tree by his hair after fleeing the battle).

Proverbs 16:32 “A patient man is better than a warrior. A man who controls his temper is better than a man who takes a city.”

1 Cor 13 “Love is patient…”

Yes, David was like the second man – he took many cities, he was a warrior, but he failed to control his temper/passion.

Yet, in spite of these sins and terrible things, David still now remains “a man after God’s own heart” – he is a very important type/foreshadowing of Christ.

He was faithful to the LORD and repented very publicly of his sin.

Life Lessons (2):

David = a type/foreshadowing of Christ

“David is a type of Jesus Christ” – he is one of the MOST IMPORTANT types of Jesus in the Old Testament.

2 Things:

  1. Kingdom matter
  2. Sin matter

#1: Kingdom matter

David is one who received a covenant from God – the Davidic Covenant – this is BEING fulfilled by Jesus Christ (as is the Abrahamic Covenant).

Thus Matthew 1:1, “The record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, son of DAVID, son of ABRAHAM…”

  • Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:1-3) “All nations on earth will be blessed through you.” – Yes, ALL can be saved and blessed through Jesus Christ.
  • Davidic Covenant (2 Samuel 7:12-13, 16) “I will establish your kingdom FOREVER” – your house will be forever – this is being fulfilled right now through Jesus.

Covenant = absolute promise (promise between humans can be broken many times – but GOD’S is unbreakable)

GOD promised David “FOREVER” (3 times).

Look at the Middle East – Israel – is there the Kingdom of David now? NO.

So, how is this possible? Is God’s promise broken? NO.

The “King of Kings and Lord of Lords” (Rev 19:16) will be from the line of David and his kingdom will be established forever and ever.

Luke 1 in terms of the birth of Christ through the virgin Mary – one day the angel Gabriel visited Mary and said, “You will be with child and are to give him the name ‘Jesus’ – he will be great and will be called the ‘Son of the Most High’ – and GOD will give him the throne of his father David, and his kingdom will never end.”

Rev 20, Jesus says, “I am the root of David.”

The Old earth will one day pass away and the New earth and new kingdom will be established by Jesus.

ALL kingdoms will pass away soon – Korea, USA, China, UK, Russia, Philippines, etc – this is the message of Rev. 21.

#2: Sin message

David is a great king. He is always introduced and known as Israel’s “greatest” king. He is the standard and sample by which the following kings were all measured.

Yet, he was imperfect/a sinner. He had to be cleansed/purified by repenting his sin.

There is no one perfect, not one. Only Jesus, the sinless, stainless lamb of God is sinless. He came into this world to take away the sin of this world.

In the Bible, this truth is repeated MANY many times.

Hebrews 9:26 “Jesus Christ has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of himself.”

1 Peter 2:21 “He himself bore our sins on the tree so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness…”

1 Peter 3:18 “Jesus died once for all…”

1 John 3:5 “Jesus Christ appeared to take away our sins because in him there is no sin.”

Adultery, murder – these are terrible sins we must not commit. Do you agree? There are many murders – in Paris just a few days ago – over 130 killed and 350 injured. These are TERRIBLE sins we must not commit, but know this other truth.

What is the GREATEST sin?

To reject Jesus Christ as personal LORD and Savior. This is a greater sin than any other sin – this is the ONLY unforgivable sin.

Why? Only Christ is the forgiver and Savior from sin.

“because they do not believe in me…”

1 John 1:8-9 “If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. But if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to cleanse us of our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.”

Are you a true Christian?

As long as we live in this dirty earth, we must wash our hands, face, feet, bodies every day. We wash, cleanse ourselves every day. But nobody becomes dirty on purpose to wash again.

So, in the life of a true Christian, at least TWO things must be done continually:

  1. 1. Do our best NOT to sin – do not seek getting “dirty”
  2. 2. Repentance (“All a Christian’s life must be a life of repentance” – Martin Luther)

We must seek to be clean, purified, like Christ.

1 John 1:8-9 “If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. But if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to cleanse us of our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.”

May God bless all of us to become more and more like Jesus Christ, our King, our Lord, our example.

Let’s pray.

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사무엘하 : 다윗의 책

삼하 1:1-27 , 7:12-13, 16

사무엘 상하는 히브리어로 된 책에서 원래 한권이었다고 지난주에 말씀드렸지요 그리스어로 통역된 성경은 셉투전(Septusion) 라틴어로 번역된 성경은 벌게이트(bolgate)라고 하는데 거기에는 두권으로 나뉘어 있다고요.

  • 사무엘 상의 메인 캐릭터는 사무엘 , 사울 , 다윗입니다.
  • 사무엘상 25장에서 사무엘이 죽고, 마지막 장에서 사울이 죽었습니다. 그것이 사무엘하가 다윗의 이야기인 이유입니다. 사무엘하에서는 다윗의 이야기로 시작해서 다윗의 이야기로 끝납니다.
  • 사무엘하 24장은 40년 6개월 간의 이야기입니다.
  • 사무엘상 16장에서 다윗은 하나님의 기름부음을 사무엘 선지자를 통해서 받지만 진짜 왕으로 인정 받기 까지 그리고 왕좌에 앉기 까지 오랜 시간이 걸립니다.

다위의 이야기는 3부분으로 나뉩니다.

  1. 첫째 : 1장-10장 : 다윗의 시험과 성공이야기
  2. 둘째 : 11장 : 다윗의 죄
  3. 셋째 : 12-24 : 다윗의 죄 문제 로 인한 고통

첫째는 Good story 둘째는 Bad story 셋째는 Sad story입니다.

첫째 부분은 사울의 아들인 요나단이 죽고 단지 질투 때문에 전심으로 다윗을 죽이려고 했던 사울이 죽었습니다. 다윗은 사울왕이 죽었을 때 진심으로 슬퍼하고 조상합니다. 얼마나 젠틀한 사람인가요?

남쪽지역(유다)를 다스리는 왕이 되어 7년6개월간 다스릴 동안에 북쪽은 사울의 아들 중 하나인 이스보셋이 그의 군 사령관 아브넬과 함께 다스립니다. 다윗 가문과 사울 가문의 싸움이 진행되는 동안 사울 가문은 점점 약해졌습니다. 다윗은 마침내 그가 30살이 되었을 때 이스라엘 전역을 다스리는 왕이 됩니다. 그때 그가 처음으로 한 일은 예루살렘으로 간 것입니다.그래서 예루살렘을 다윗의 도시라고도 부릅니다. 언약괘를 아비나답의 집에서 예루살렘으로 가져올 때 다웃은 기쁨을 이기지 못하여 춤을 춥니다. 이것은 하나님이 온 나라를 다스리심을 보여주는 것이었습니다.

다윗은 하나님의 위해서 집을 짓기를 원했지만 하나님은 아직 아니라고 하셨습니다. (7장) 다윗은 이웃 나라들을 다 정복하고 어디 가든지 승리 하였습니다. 그는 위대한 왕 일 뿐 아니라 정치가, 음악가, 전사 였습니다.

둘째 부분은 다윗이 그의 절정기 (golden time)에 저지른 죄 입니다. 고전10:12 “그런즉 선 줄로 생각하는 자는 넘어질까 조심하라.” 그의 자만심 때문에 넘어 진 것입니다.

  • 다윗 + 밧세바 + 우리야
  • = 간음 + 살인 + 그 첫 아아의 죽음

간통 후에 그의 죄를 숨기려고 전장터에 나가있는 밧세바의 남편 우리야를 부르지만 충직한 그 사람은 전쟁터에서 고생하는 부하들을 생각하며 집에가지 않습니다. 죄를 숨기려고 그를 전투의 최전방에 두도록 하여 죽게 만듭니다. 그의 승리가 끔직한 고통으로 변하고 사무엘 하 마지막 까지 그 결과가 이릅니다.

셋째 부분 : 12장-24장 :하나님은 다윗에게 너무 실망하십니다. 나단 선지자를 보내서 다윗을 깨닫게 합니다. 나단 선지자는 다윗에게 가서 많은 동물을 가진 부자와 양 한마리를 가진 가난한 자가 있었다 그런데 부자에게 여행자가 오자 부자는 자기의 동물을 잡지 않고 그 가난한 사람을 동물을 잡아서 그 여행객을 대접했다는 이야기를 합니다. 다윗은 그 이야기를 듣고 그 일을 행한 사람은 반드시 죽고 4배나 갚아 주어야 한다고 분연히 이야기 합니다. 나단은 그게 바로 “너다”나고 이야기 합니다. “니가 바로 그 사람이다 ” 하나님께서 이르시기를 너에게 이스라엘과 유다 족속을 맡겼으며 그것이 부족하였을 것 같으면 더 주었을 것이다. 그런 악한 행위로 하나님을 업신여겼으므로 재앙이 너의 집에 임할 것이다라고 했습니다. 다윗은 바로 회개했고 바로 용서 받았지만 그 댓가를 치르게 됩니다.

국가적인 것을 빼고 그의 가문에서 죄로 인한 7가지 결과 입니다.

  1. 아이가 죽음 (밧세바와 나은 첫째 아들)
  2. 암논이 그의 배다른(엄마가 다른) 누이 다말을 강간합니다. 그리고나서 더 미워하여 그의 집에서 쫓아냅니다.
  3. 2년후에 다말의 친오빠인 압살롬이 암논을 죽입니다.
  4. 압살롬이 아버지의 왕위 찬탈하려는 음모를 꾸밉니다.
  5. 다윗은 그의 아들 때문에 난민이 되어 그 자신의 집에서 도망해야 했습니다.
  6. 그가 예루살렘에서 도망할 때에 압살롬이 다윗의 후궁(첩)들과 동침을 합니다.
  7. 압살롬과 싸움에서 다윗은 부하들에게 압살롬을 죽이지 말것을 부탁하지만 요압은 나무가지에 달려있는 압살롬을 죽이고 맙니다.

잠언 16:32 “노하기를 더디하는 자는 용사보다 낫고 자기의 마을음 다스리는 자는 성을 빼앗는 자보다 나으니라”

고전 13:4 “사랑은 오래 참고~”

다윗은 그의 정욕을 다스리는 데 실패 했습니다. 인내가 얼마나 중요한 지 알 수 있습니다.

그의 끔찍한 죄에도 불구하고 다윗은 위대한 왕으로 남아있습니다. 하나님을 충실하게 섬기고 죄를 공개적으로 시인했기 때문입니다.

우리는 여기서 두가지 교훈을 얻을 수 있습니다.

첫째, 왕국의 관점에서

예수님을 예표하는 중요한 사람이라는 것

하나님으로 부터 다윗은 언약을 받았습니다.

아브라함도 창 12:1-3 “…내가 너로 큰 민족을 이루고 네게 복을 주어 네 이름을 창대하게 하리라 너는 복이 될지라…”

다윗는 사무엘하 7:12-13 ” 네 수한이 차서 조상들과 함께 누울 때에 내가 네 몸에서 날 네 씨를 네 뒤에 세워 그의 나라를 견고하게 하리라…나는 그의 나라 왕위를 영원히 견고하게 하리라.” 언약은 절대적 약속입니다.

하나님은 세번이나 다윗의 왕국이 계속되게 한다고 하셨는데 지금은 그 나라는 없습니다. 예수님은 왕중에 왕이십니다. 계 19:16 “그 옷과 그 다리에 쓴 것이 있으니 만왕의 왕이요 만주의 주라 하였더라.” 가브리엘 천사가 마리아에게 찾아와서 아들을 낳으리라 했을 때 눅1: 32 “그가 큰자가 되고 지극히 높으신 이의 아들이라 일컬어질 것이요 주 하나님께서 그 조상 다윗의 왕위를 그에게 주시리니” 라고 나옵니다.

다윗왕의 왕국은 없는 데 어떻게 된 일인가요?계21장에서 처음하늘 과 처음 땅은 없어 지고 새 땅과 새 왕국이 예수님에 의해 설립될 것이라고 되어 있습니다.

그 새 왕국들이 지금 지금 미국, 한국, 중국, 영국, 일본 , 필리핀, 러시아 등등 입니다.

둘째, 죄의 결과 입니다.

다윗은 위대한 왕이었고 기준이되고 또한 샘플이 되는 왕이 었습니다. 그는 완벽하지 못했고 죄인이었지만 그의 죄를 회개 함으로써 정결해집니다. 누구나 완벽할 수 없습니다. 오직 예수님만이 흠없고 죄없는 어린양 (히 9:26)이라고 했습니다. 벧전 2: 24 ” 친히 나무에 달려 그 몸으로 우리 죄를 담당하셨으니 이는 우리로 죄에 대하여 죽고 의에 대하여 살게 하려 하심이라 그가 채찍에 맞음으로 너희는 나음을 얻었나니” 요일 3:5″ 그가 우리 죄를 없애려고 나타나신 것을 너희가 아나니 그에게는 죄가 없느니라.”

간통, 살인을 끔찍한 죄입니다. 우리가 저지르지 말아야 할 ..동의하십니까? 파리에서는 끔직한 죄 때문에 130명이 죽고 350명이 부상을 당합니다.

가장 큰 죄는 무엇일까요? 예수님을 구세주로 인정하지 않는 것 입니다. 이것이 죄를 용서받는 유일한 길이기 때문입니다. 요일 1:8-9 ” 만일 우리가 죄가 없다고 말하면 스스로 속이고 또 진리가 우리 속에 있지 아니할 것이요. 만일 우리가 우리 죄를 자백하면 그는 미쁘시고 의로우사 우리 죄을 사하시며 우리를 모든 불의에서 깨끗하게 하실 것이요.”

우리가 이땅 더러운 땅에서 사는 동안 우리가 해야할 것이 있습니다. 머리, 다리, 얼굴 오늘 아침에 씻으셨나요? 내일 도 씻으실 거죠? 아무도 일부러 다시 더러워 지려고 하지 않지만 더러워 지기 때문에 날마다 씻습니다. 우리가 진정한 크리스천으로 살기위해 최소한 2가지를 해야 합니다. 계속 반복해서 해야하는 것

  • A. 우리는 죄를 짓지 않기 위해 최선을 다해야 합니다. 성령님의 도움을 구하며
  • B. 끊임없이 우리 죄를 고백해야 합니다. 정결하게 되기 위하여