Exodus: The Book of Redemption and Mission (1:1-22, 6:6, 19:5-6)
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Exodus: Redemption & Mission
1:1-22, 6:6, 19:5,6 (key/mission verse) (Pastor Heo)
The Israelites Oppressed
1 These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob, each with his family: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; 3 Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 4 Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher. 5 The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy in all; Joseph was already in Egypt. 6 Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died, 7 but the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous, so that the land was filled with them. 8 Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt. 9 “Look,” he said to his people, “the Israelites have become much too numerous for us. 10 Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country.” 11 So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh. 12 But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites 13 and worked them ruthlessly. 14 They made their lives bitter with hard labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly. 15 The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives,whose names were Shiphrah and Puah, 16 “When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live.” 17 The midwives, however, feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do; they let the boys live. 18 Then the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them, “Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?” 19 The midwives answered Pharaoh, “Hebrew women are not like Egyptian women; they are vigorous and give birth before the midwives arrive.” 20 So God was kind to the midwives and the people increased and became even more numerous. 21 And because the midwives feared God, he gave them families of their own. 22 Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: “Every boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live.”
6:6 “Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.
19:5 Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, 6 you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites.”
Today’s Exodus Day. The book Exodus is the second book in the word of God written through Moses. Exodus = “exodus” (Greek) = “exit / departure”.
This is a book of departure, freedom, liberty, redemption, mission.
Since the Creation of the universe in Genesis 1:1, the Exodus is the central event of the OT as the cross is the central event of the NT. This lays the foundational theology that reveals:
- God’s name,
- his laws,
- his attributes, and
- how he is to be worshiped.
Exodus shows (in history) how and why Israel was born as a nation. In Exodus 1:1 “These are the names of the sons of Israel…” King James says, “Now, these are the names of the children of Israel…” –
The name “Israel” is the name of the nation of Israel and ALSO a person’s real name – this was Jacob’s personal name. Genesis 32 – before meeting his brother Esau, he prayed earnestly, wrestled with God, “bless me, protect me, etc” – the Lord appeared to him and changed his name to “Israel” = “wrestles with God.” This was the first time the name Israel happened in the Bible.
Since then, this can mean Jacob’s personal name, and sometimes, all his children, and sometimes, the nation’s name.
A long time later, the nation Israel was divided into Northern and Southern kingdoms (like Korea) –
- Northern was “Israel” and
- Southern was “Judah”.
- The Northern kingdom was totally destroyed by Assyria – it totally disappeared from history.
- The Southern kingdom was known as “Israel” or “Judah”.
Then, Jesus came. In AD 70, Jerusalem and the nation of Israel was totally destroyed by Emperor Titus (diasporia). Then they were scattered until World War II, they gathered again in 1948 and began to reclaim their culture and heritage and land.
In the Bible, the church is pictured as “Israel” spiritually. Exodus is the continuation of the story that began in Genesis with 70 children of Jacob who migrated to Canaan from Egypt. This is the transition part – the second part of Genesis.
Now, let’s review the story of Genesis one more time. This is important to understand HOW and WHY the 70 children moved to Egypt in the first place.
Genesis has 2 parts:
- Before the calling of Abraham (Creation, fall, judgment on Babel, judgment of the flood) – primeval history
- Genesis 12~ the calling of Abraham (”Leave your country/people and go where I send you – I’ll make you blessed so that you’ll be a blessing”)
Abraham in his obedience, moved his wife, nephew Lot and families and settled in Canaan.
God said AGAIN, “I will give this land to your children” – he was 75-years old without a son. Yet, God said, “I will give this land to your children. Yet, they will be enslaved and mistreated in another country for 400 years (Egypt) – then I will punish that country and they will exodus out and come back here.”
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel) – lived in Canaan.
Jacob loved Joseph (11th brother) the most and the other 10 older brothers sold Joseph to Midianite merchants who took him to Egypt. He was forcefully moved to Egypt – imprisoned wrongly, etc. One day, the king of Egypt dreamed a very meaningful dream and Joseph interpreted that dream by the revelation of God. Interpretation: 7 years of great abundance, then immediately 7 years of great famine.
The pharaoh appointed Joseph the prime minister (of the greatest country in the world at that time). During the famine, his 10 elder brothers came to Egypt to buy food and they stood before their brother (he knew them, they didn’t know him). In their second coming to buy grain from him, he revealed himself to them. They were so terrified that they couldn’t speak at all.
Joseph said, “Don’t be afraid, don’t be angry with yourselves. You sold me; God sent me.”
Whatever reason or purpose you came to this church today, can you say this too? “God sent me.”
Then he said, “Go back to Canaan, and bring our whole family (70 members) and I will support them and protect them and provide for them.” When they arrived in Egypt, they received much privilege – and they settled in the richest place (Goshen). This ends Genesis: the death of Joseph.
From the end of Genesis to the beginning of Exodus, 400 years has passed…
Now, a new pharaoh (who didn’t know about Joseph) became afraid of the Israelites – they became numerous and strong. So, he made them slaves – forced labor – and he commanded the people to throw male babies into the Nile (crocodiles) or kill them.
This is the same for us: we forget God when we are in plenty and easy living; we remember God when we are in trouble. So, the people cried out to God.
He remembered his purpose and promise for them, he prepared a man – and met him through the burning bush – and told him to bring my people out of Egypt. Moses was 80 years young.
Moses went before pharaoh and said, “Let my people go.”
Pharaoh hardened his heart and said, “Who is ‘the Lord’ that I should know him? I will not.”
So God revealed himself through 10 object lessons:
- Blood in the Nile (this was “life” to the Egyptians) – it was the biggest, longest river
- Frogs covered the land
- Lice everywhere
- Flies swarms of flies
- Disease on animals
- Boils on men and animals
- Hail that destroyed the crops
- Darkness over the land for 3 days
- Death of the first born (men and animals)
The first plague (blood) was a sign that they would eventually see REAL blood. This is the start of “Passover” – the BIGGEST festival in Israel’s (and Christian’s) history.
- Take a lamb at twilight and kill it
- Take that lamb’s blood and put it over the two sides of their door posts
- Eat all the lamb’s meat with bitter veggies and bread without yeast “Eat it with all haste! I will Pass Over you.”
“When I see the BLOOD, I will pass over you.” (foreshadowing Christ)
Every single house experienced physical death that night – ALL Egypt was covered with crying and wailing. And pharaoh called Moses in a hurry and said, “UP! Leave! Go and worship your Lord!”
That same night – 500,000+ men + women + children + animals (cows, sheep, etc) = RUSHED out into the wilderness to the journey toward Canaan. Then, their lives in the wilderness began – they were TOTALLY dependent on God’s provision. They were provided food by God from heaven directly (manna – “daily bread” – (Lord’s Prayer)).
The first miracle: crossing the Red Sea on bare land.
Imagine in the wilderness, the temperature difference was incredible:
- in the day, too hot, so God became a cloud (supernatural air-con);
- at night, too cold, so God became fire (supernatural fire):
Then, they got the 10 commandments.
The last chapters of Exodus = Tabernacle.
- This was a portable church – the “Tent of Meeting”
- There is only one door – (Jesus John 10 – “I’m the Door”)
- 55ft wide x 150ft long
- Ordinary people were allowed to enter only the courtyard. Only priests could enter inside.
- There was a bronze altar for animal sacrifice and a bronze basin to wash hands.
There are two rooms in the tent.
- Outer room = “Holy place” – double size
- Middle path = altar of incense
- Side = candlesticks
- Other side = table for show bread – it was ALWAYS put to show.
- Priests entered every morning and evening to make incense.
- Back side = “Holy of Holies” – “Most Holy Place”
- The ark of the covenant (법계) –
- The 10 Commandments (stone tablets)
- Aaron’s budded staff
- Golden pot filled with manna
- The cover was called “Mercy Seat” symbolizing the presence of God.
Entering the tabernacle:
- Only ordinary people could enter the Common area.
- Priests entered the Holy Place.
- High Priests entered the Most Holy Place only once per year.
What lessons can we get from this story of Exodus? SO many, but let me say 3 points we can APPLY:
#1: What is “freedom”?
Yes, everybody wants freedom, liberty – many people have fought (and still fight) for freedom. This is “the ability to be in the state God designed him or her to be.” WHY? –
Yes, they had food, they had houses, they were rich, so WHY did they want to leave?
FREEDOM = the ability to be in the state God designed him or her to be = to WORSHIP GOD.
Without the ability to worship God, there is NO FREEDOM.
Moses repeated the same sentence many times before Pharaoh, “Let my people go so that we may WORSHIP the Lord.”
- Exodus 4:22-23 “Then say to Pharaoh, ‘This is what the Lord says, “Israel is my first born son. And I told you, let my first born son go so that he may worship me. But you have refused, so I will kill your first born son.”
- Exodus 5:1 “Therefore, afterwards, Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “This is what God says, “Let my people go so that they may hold a festival to me in the desert.”””
- Exodus 7:16 “Then say to him, ‘The Lord the God of the Hebrews has sent me to say to you, “Let my people go…”””
- Exodus 8:1 “Then the Lord said to Moses, ‘Go to Pharaoh and say to him, “Let my people GO so that they may worship me…”””
- Exodus 8:20 “Get up early in the morning and confront Pharaoh as he goes to the water, “LET MY PEOPLE GO.”
- Exodus 9:1 “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, “LET MY PEOPLE GO.”
- Exodus 9:13 “Then the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning confront him and say to him, “LET MY PEOPLE GO.”””
- Exodus 10:3 “So, Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, “How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? LET MY PEOPLE GO.’””
- Exodus 10:10 “Let the people go. Do you not yet realize that Egypt is ruined?”
- Exodus 10:24 (negotiation) “Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, worship the Lord – even the women and children may go – but leave your flocks behind.” NO. We must all go with all our things.”
- Exodus 12:31 (final) “During the night, Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “UP! Leave my people! Go, worship the Lord as you have requested!””
True freedom = worship to God.
In our lives, true freedom can be found in Christ alone. Galatians 1:3 “It is for FREEDOM that Christ has set you free. Therefore, don’t let yourselves be yoked under slavery again.”
#2: What is the true meaning of “passover”?
No matter who was inside the houses – rich, poor, smart, dumb – the ONLY thing that mattered was the BLOOD. God: “When I see THE BLOOD, I will passover you, redeem you.”
ONLY BY BLOOD we are saved.
- 1 John 1:7 “The blood of Jesus purifies us from all sins.”
- John the Baptist shouted “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.”
- 1 Cor 5:7 “Jesus Christ is our passover lamb. Jesus Christ our passover lamb has been sacrificed.”
#3: What is “mission”?
WHY did God save them? WHY redeem them? WHY bless them?
Mission = missionary heart
God IS a missionary God. (Even from when he created the heavens and the earth).
- God called Abram and said, “I will bless you SO THAT you may be a blessing and ALL people on earth will be blessed through you.”
- The Exodus story starts the same way: (19:5,6 “If you keep my commands and obey me, you will be my treasured possession…”) Of course ALL the world is God’s but this is significant. “You will be a priestly nation” – what is the main job of a priest? – to be a mediator between God and the nations.
- If you see Exodus 12:38 carefully, not only Israel left, but also “many OTHER people” also joined in the Exodus. God’s hidden and real ultimate purpose is through the Exodus Israel to REDEEM all people (including Egypt).
- 1 Peter 2:9 (This is our mission today) “You are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God so that you may declare and proclaim the name of the God who called you OUT of darkness (exodus) and INTO his wonderful light.”
Has God redeemed you?
He has redeemed you TO REDEEM OTHERS.
May God bless us with real freedom, real redemption, and real mission in Jesus Christ.
Let me say just ONE more thing.
Exodus came from Greek = “departure”
Jesus, just before his crucifixion went up on a mountain and was Transfigured (face shown up) and Moses and Elijah came down and spoke with him – about WHAT topic? (His “departure” – which Jesus was about to bring to fulfillment in Jerusalem soon – this “departure” = “exodus” (Greek Bible)).
- Jesus IS our Exodus.
- Jesus is MY Exodus.
<20150913 전주안디옥교회 AICF 허재범 목사님>
출애굽 : 출발, 자유, 구원 , 미션의 책
출애굽은 세기적인 사건으로 이스라엘이 왜 그리고 어떻게 국가가 되었는가?그리고 그 많은 율법들이 어떻게 생겨나는 가는 보여줍니다.
출1:1 NIV성경에서는 “야곱과 함께 각기 권속을 데리고 애굽에 이른 이스라엘 아들들의 이름은 이러하니” 라고 나옵니다.
이스라엘은 국가의 이름이기도 하지만 야곱의 개인적인 이름이기도 합니다. 창32:28 “그 사람이 가로되 네 이름을 다시는 야곱이라 부를 것이 아니요 이스라엘이라 부를 것이니 이는 네가 하나님과 사람으로 더불어 겨루어 이기었음이니라.” 29 ~야곱에게 축복한지라.
- 이스라엘의 의미는 하나님과 함께하는 이라는 뜻입니다.
- 야곱의 자손들은 국가가 됩니다.
후에 솔로몬의 죄로 인하여 그 자손이 치리하던 때 두개의 국가로 분리되었는데 북쪽 왕국은 이스라엘 불렀고 아시리아 에게 멸망하고 남쪽 왕국은 유다 라고 불렸습니다. 북왕국 멸망이후 유다는 유다 또는 이스라엘이라고 불립니다. 바벨론에 의해 멸망한 후 약 2000년간 디아스포라라고 여기 저기 흩어져 지내다가 제2차 세계대전이후 이스라엘이 다시 건국됩니다.
야곱의 70명의 자손이 애굽에서 출애굽해서 왕국이 되었다가 남과 북으로 갈라져서 멸망했다가 다시 건국된 것입니다.
창세기의 이야기는 2부분으로 나뉩니다.
- 아브라함 부르심 이전 : 천지 창조, 바벨탑 이전 이후 심판
- 아브라함 부르심 부터 : 본토 친척 아비 집을 떠나서 내가 네가 지시한 땅으로 가면 내가 네 이름을 창대하게 하니리 내가 네게 복을 주겠다. 창 12:2
메소포타미아 우르 지역에서 아브라함은 사래와 조카 롯이 언약의 땅 가나안에 이르렀을 때 아브라함이 75세였습니다. 이때 하나님이 천사들을 통하여 내가 너의 자손을 통하여 큰 나라가 되게 하겠다는 약속을 지킬 것이라고 이야기를 듣습니다. 그들은 400년간 종 노릇을 할 것이며, 내가 그들을 벌주어 출애굽시킬것이라고 말씀하십니다.
야곱의 아들중에 하나인 요셉은 가나안에서 형들에 의해 미디안 상인들에게 팔려서 강제로 애굽땅으로 가게됩니다. 감옥에있는 그가 왕이 꾼 의미있는 꿈을 하나님의 지혜로 7년가 있을 풍년과 그후 7년간 맞게될 흉년을 알리어 나라의 총리가 됩니다. 요셉의 형들이 흉년에 양식을 사러 내려왔을 때 그들은 크게 두려웠지만 “형들이 나를 팔았지만 하나님이 나를 보내신 것”이라고 이야기 합니다.
그들은 가장 풍부한 지역인 고센땅에 정착하게 됩니다. 창세기 끝부터 출애굽의 시작 까지 400년의 시간이 지나갔습니다. 새로운 왕은 요셉을 몰랐고, 이스라엘 자손들이 수가 많고 강함이 두려워서, 감독관을 국고성 비돔과 라암셋을 건축하게 하나 그럴 수록 수가 늘어서, 남자아이들이 태어나면 강에 던져버리도록 합니다.
우리는 풍요한 때 에는 하나님을 잊고 문제 나 고통가운데 있을 때 하나님을 찾는 것같이 이들이 하나님께 부르짓으며 기도했습니다.
모세가 80세에 떨기나무 불꽃에서 하나님과 만나서 바로 왕에게 애굽을 나갈 것을 요구 할 때 10가지 재앙이 있었습니다.
- 가장 크고 긴 강인 나일 강물이 피가 됩니다.
- 개구리가 땅을 뒤덥고
- 티끌이 이가되고
- 파리가 가득하고
- 가축들이 병들고
- 독종이 사람과 짐승에게 붙어 발하고
- 우박이 농작물에 떨어지고
- 메뚜기 때
- 흑암이 온땅에 3일간 임하고
- 사람과 동물의 처음 난 것 들이 죽고
10번째 재앙때 하나님이 유월절을 이야기 하십니다. 여호와께서 애굽 사람을 치러 두루 다니실 때에 문 인방과 좌우 설주의 “피”를 보시면, 그 문을 넘으시고 멸하는 자로 너희 집에 들어가서 너희를 치지 못하게 하실 것임이니라 출 12:23. 10번째 재앙 때 각 집집마다 실제적 물리적 죽음을 경험합니다. 각 집집나다 큰 호곡이 있었고 그날 저녁 50만명이 되는 남자 여자 아이들 동물들이 가나안 땅을 향하여 사막행을 시작합니다. 하나님의 공급에만 의존하면서 하나님에 의해 만나를 공급받았습니다.
그들이 겪은 첫번째 기적은 두발로 걸어서 홍해 건너기였습니다. 사막은 온도 차이가 많이 나서 낮은 많은 덥고 밤은 너무 추워 자기 어려운 곳 이었습니다. 이때 하나님이 낮에는 구름기둥으로 더위를 식혀주시고 밤에는 불기둥으로 따뜻하게 지켜주셨습니다.
이때 하나님이 명령하셔서 하나님의 장막을 짓게됩니다. 장막은 “가지고 다니는 텐트”라는 의미 입니다. 이것은 최초의 교회입니다.
성막의 입구에서 제단이 있는 곳까지를 뜰(court yard)라고 하며 일반인들은 여기까지만 들어올 수 있습니다. 그리고 성소 그 안쪽은 지성소 이며 성소에서는 촛대와 분향단이 있고 지성소에는 법괘가 있었습니다.
- 10계명 돌판
- 아론의 싹난 지팡이
- 만나로 채워진 항아리 가 있었습니다. 히 9:4
1년에 제사장도 한번씩만 지성소에 들어갔습니다. 레위기는 제사장을 의미하는 데 이 장막에 대해서는 다음주에 더 자세히 배우겠습니다.
여기서 우리가 3가지 배울 수 있는 교훈은
첫째, 자유가 무엇인가
비단 크리스천 뿐 아니라 일반인 모두 자유를 원하는데 그럼 자유가 뭘까요? 자유란 하나님이 창조한 상태로 있을 추 있는 능력(the ability to be in the state God designed him or her to be)입니다. 하나님을 경배하는 것입니다.출 4: 22-23
둘째, 유월절의 진정한 의미
그 집안에 누가 있던지 부자던지 가난한자던지 똑똑하던지 멍청하던지 상관없이 문설주의 “피”만 보시겠다고 합니다. 이건 나중에 예수님의 피를 상징합니다.
요일 1:7 ~ 그 아들 예수의 피가 우리를 모든 죄에서 깨뜻케 하실 것이요. 고전 5:7 “너희는 누룩없는 자인데 새 덩어리가 되기 위하여 묵은 누룩을 내어 버리라 우리의 유월절 양 곧 그리스도께서 희생이 되셨느니라.”
셋째, 선교가 무엇인가?
왜 하나님이 구원하셨는가요 왜 하나님이 축복하셨을 까요? 천지 창조때부터 아브라함을 부르실 때도 내가 너를 통하여 지구상에 모든 사람을 축복하겠다고 하셨습니다. 하나님과 그 국가간에 중개인되게 하신 것이지요.
출12:28 “중다한 잡족(many other people )과 양과 소와 심히 많은 생축이 그들과 함께 하였으니” 이스라엘 뿐 아니라 다른 많은 사람들이 같이 출애굽 한것 을 알 수 있습니다. 벧전2:9 “오직 너희는 택하신 족속이요 왕 같은 제사장들이요 거룩한 나라요 그의 소유된 백성이니 이는 너희를 어두운 데서 불러내어 그의 기이한 빛에 들어가게 하신 자의 아름다운 덕을 선전하게 하려 하심이라.”
이것이 우리의 오늘 임무입니다.
예수님의 십자가 사건 전에 변화산에서 모세와 엘리야와 함께 예수님이 이야기 한 내용은” 이것이 나의 출애굽”이라고 하신 것입니다.
우리는 오늘 사탄과 죄와 예수님 만나기 이전의 나에서 떠나서 (출애굽)… 출애굽해야합니다. 우리를 신실히 이끄시는 우리 지도자 예수님으 안내를 받아서.