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  • Jun 13 / 2021
  • Comments Off on Where is Your Interest? (Genesis 36:6-8)
Pastor Kang, Sermons, Who is God?

Where is Your Interest? (Genesis 36:6-8)

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Send to: NongHyup bank 351-0158-2802-13 Song Ki-Joong

Where is your interest?

6 Esau took his wives and sons and daughters and all the members of his household, as well as his livestock and all his other animals and all the goods he had acquired in Canaan, and moved to a land some distance from his brother Jacob. 7 Their possessions were too great for them to remain together; the land where they were staying could not support them both because of their livestock. 8 So Esau (that is, Edom) settled in the hill country of Seir.

Genesis 36:6-8

In the busy world, Where is our interest?

We live in a busy world. A good example of  how busy our society is can be seen in The Good Samaritan Experiment.

Good Samaritan Experiment

In the 1970s, two behavioral scientists, John Darley and Daniel Batson, were interested in studying the psychology of prosocial behavior. In other words, they wanted to find out why people do good things for others.

To examine this question, they decided to study students at the Princeton Theological Seminary. (And you would expect students who were studying to become professional ministers would have a good handle on helping others, right?)

The study took place on the Princeton University campus over a period of three days in the Fall. The participants first were asked to fill out a survey that asked whether they were motivated to be religious for internal or external reasons. (In other words, did they mostly seek to do good in the world, or did they mostly want to get into heaven themselves?) Then, they were each asked to prepare a sermon on the subject of the good Samaritan which was to be given in another building. Then, the researchers randomly gave them one of three possible pieces of information as they sent them off to the chapel building to preach. They were told that either:

  1. They were early, and didn’t need to rush.
  2. Or that they were on time, but had better go immediately to avoid being late.
  3. Or that they were already late, and needed to really rush over.

On their way to the chapel to preach, each person encountered a “stranger” on the side of the road who seemed to have been attacked by a robber and fallen down in an alley.

The results of the study were pretty interesting. Darley and Batson noticed that it wasn’t religious motivation (helping others) that caused study participants to stop and help, but rather how rushed each person felt in their given task. 63% of the “early” participants, and 45% of the “on-time” participants stopped to help. But only 10% of the “late” participants took an extra minute to help out, even though the subject of each participant’s sermon was to be on exactly the subject they encountered on the street: the good Samaritan. 

From this study, we can see that even seminary students who should love their neighbors more than anyone else actually did not really care about their neighbors if they felt like they did not have time. 

This experiment was done forty-four years ago, and we now live in a much busier society than at that time.

Jesus summed up the entire Old Testament Law and Prophets by instructing us to love God and our neighbors. In Korean, we can say that a related term for Love is 관심. This means interest, attention, or concern for.

Are we interested in God and neighbors, as Jesus says?

What are the characteristics that appear in our lives when we are not interested in God and our neighbors?

Today, let’s examine our own faith through the story of Esau’s descendants in Genesis 36.

When you are not interested in God, you abandon your faith.

Genesis 36:1-3

1 This is the account of Esau (that is, Edom). 2 Esau took his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite — 3 also Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

Esau was not interested in the God of his father, Isaac. He did not accept his father’s faith. In fact, his attitude about this was revealed through the fact that he married Canaan women who had no faith in God. He sought the values of the world that the Canaanites pursued instead of faith in God.

Do you remember Isaac’s attitude toward the Canaanite women in Genesis 28?

Genesis 28:1; 8-9

1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him and commanded him: “Do not marry a Canaanite woman.

8 Esau then realized how displeasing the Canaanite women were to his father Isaac; 9 so he went to Ishmael and married Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Ishmael son of Abraham, in addition to the wives he already had.

At that time, Esau realized that his father was not happy about his marriages, so he took Abraham’s granddaughter, Mahalath as his wife.

However, Esau’s motivation to do so was not for the restoration of his faith, but rather to gain favor with his father who had the power to bestow blessings on his children.

So he was still selfish and pursuing the values of the world in his heart, even though externally he did what might be considered the “right” thing. He regarded God’s blessing received through his father as just another worldly prize. 

Esau was not interested in serving God. So he gave up on his father’s faith.

He only sought to be blessed for personal reasons.

When you are not interested in God, you leave the place of worship

Genesis 36:6-8

6 Esau took his wives and sons and daughters and all the members of his household, as well as his livestock and all his other animals and all the goods he had acquired in Canaan, and moved to a land some distance from his brother Jacob. 7 Their possessions were too great for them to remain together; the land where they were staying could not support them both because of their livestock. 8 So Esau (that is, Edom) settled in the hill country of Seir.

Why did Esau leave Jacob and move to the country of Seir?

In the text, it is explained that their possessions were too great for them to remain together; the land where they were staying could not support them both because of their livestock.

But we must also remember that God gave Jacob the land of Canaan where Esau stayed.

Genesis 33:18-20

18 After Jacob came from Paddan Aram, he arrived safely at the city of Shechem in Canaan and camped within sight of the city. 19 For a hundred pieces of silver, he bought from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem, the plot of ground where he pitched his tent. 20 There he set up an altar and called it El Elohe Israel.

The land God gave Jacob became a place to live his life in worship to God.

In fact, Esau would probably have had a hard time fitting in with Jacob, who had a deep faith in God.

Actually, Jacob realized this fact before his brother did. Previously, when Esau had offered to accompany Jacob after they met on the road, Jacob turned him down because he knew that their lifestyles and leadership styles were totally different.

By the grace of God, Jacob and Esau were able to forgive each other and talk together again.

But in the realm of faith in God, the brothers remained totally different from each other.

This pattern of one man entering into the place of worship with God, and another man leaving the place of worship is repeated in other places in the Bible as well. It’s the same story with Isaac and Ishmael, and Abraham and Lot.

God made those who had no concern for him leave the land of promise, the place of worship.

When you’re not interested in your neighbors, you live a disconnected life.

Genesis 36:31-32

31 These were the kings who reigned in Edom before any Israelite king reigned: 32 Bela son of Beor became king of Edom. His city was named Dinhabah.

In the early days, Esau’s descendants formed a clan society, and several chiefs appeared among them. Over time, they took the form of an early nation. They then elected a king to rule the land of Edom and established a monarchy. The kings of Edom built a city and cut off relations with their neighboring countries. We can recall the city of Enoch, which Cain built in this regard.

Genesis 4:16-17

16 So Cain went out from the LORD`s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden. 17 Cain lay with his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch.

Cain was guilty of killing his brother Abel.

He went out from the Lord`s presence and built a city to protect him instead of depending on the Lord for protection. In the same manner, his descendants left God, elected kings, and built walled cities to protect themselves. But the main problem with walled cities isn’t that it kept them safe inside, but that they were cut off from their neighbors who remained outside. They only cared about the safety and development of their own country.

Later, when Israel escaped from Egypt and tried to enter Canaan, Edom refused Israel’s request to allow them to pass through their land and mobilized troops to stop them.

Isn’t it just logical? When you are not interested in your neighbors, you will live a life that is disconnected from, and even hostile to, your neighbors like the Edomites.

The people of God do not build walled cities to protect themselves. The people of God open themselves up to their neighbors, to bless them and be blessed by them.

When you are not interested in your neighbors, you only pursue your own achievements.

Genesis 36:40-43

40 These were the chiefs descended from Esau, by name, according to their clans and regions: Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 41 Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 42 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 43 Magdiel and Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements in the land they occupied. This was Esau the father of the Edomites.

The names in the text are of the Edomites. The names of their tribes became the names of their nations. They named the cities they built and the land they stayed in after themselves. This was how they thought to celebrate their achievements and make themselves famous.

But this method of naming a place stands in stark contrast with Jacob’s method, who called the name of the place where God spoke to him “Bethel” which means “the house of God.” Jacob chose to celebrate and make famous the name of God rather than his own.

We often see people hustling and pushing hard to reach their goals.

Sometimes we envy and admire their amazing achievements.

They seem to succeed without God and live a life of sustained personal growth.

The world idolizes these people and elevates them to fame and fortune.

This is exactly what was happening with the Edomites in the text. They gained the land of Seir and had many descendants without God’s blessing. And they had already established the kings of Edom before the king of Israel ever appeared. The future of the Edomites seemed to have no obstacles in sight. It was almost as if they had become gods themselves.

But we must remember the destruction of the Edomites. Some time later God declared their destruction through the prophet Obadiah. And according to God’s sovereign will, the Edomites completely disappeared when Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 AD.

This is the ultimate end of those who have not been interested in God and their neighbors.

The prosperity of their land and their offspring that has all been gained by human achievement alone will totally disappear. But the blessings of the land and descendants promised and delivered by God will remain forever.

What is Jesus interested in?

Matthew 22:37-40

37 Jesus replied: “`Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.` 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. 39 And the second is like it: `Love your neighbor as yourself.` 40 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”

Earlier in the sermon, I reminded you that Jesus summed up the entire Old Testament Law and the Prophets by instructing us to love God and love our neighbors. This is the passage where he did so. And I also told you that another term we can use for love in this context is 관심 in Korean, which means interest, attention, or concern for. This means that we should be interested in God and our neighbors as disciples of Jesus. We should pay attention to them, and show concern for them both.

We have already discovered where our interests lie in a busy world. People generally don’t show interest in God, their creator, because they’re just too busy. This causes them to abandon their faith, like Esau and his descendants, and leave the place of worship. People also don’t really show interest in their neighbors because they are too busy. This causes them to live a life that is cut off from others and is only focused on their own achievements.

But this lifestyle is sinful. This is not a true Christian life.

Jesus always has a deep interest in (and love for) God, his father.

He also always has a deep interest in (and love for) his chosen people.

If Jesus had not cared about us, we would not have been able to escape the judgment of sin that leads to death. Jesus’ interest in, and concern for, us has saved us from death to life!

Do you care about your brother and sister, or your neighbor?
Your little interest can save a person’s life. It will be the power of Christ in the community, and bring the peace of God within it.

If you don’t care about God and your neighbors like Esau and his offspring, there won’t even be a whisper of your memory when you disappear from history.

But if you care about God and your neighbors like Jacob, you and your family will be eternally honored before God in heaven.

Jesus instructed us through the Word that the interest and love for God and neighbors is of great benefit to us. I hope that we will experience intimacy with our God and our neighbors this week.


우리의 관심은 어디있는가?

6 에서가 자기 아내들과 자기 자녀들과 자기 집의 모든 사람과 자기의 가축과 자기의 모든 짐승과 자기가 가나안 땅에서 모은 모든 재물을 이끌고 그의 동생 야곱을 떠나 다른 곳으로 갔으니

7 두 사람의 소유가 풍부하여 함께 거주할 수 없음이러라 그들이 거주하는 땅이 그들의 가축으로 말미암아 그들을 용납할 수 없었더라

8 이에 에서 곧 에돔이 세일 산에 거주하니라

창세기 36:6-8

0. 바쁜 세상, 우리의 관심은 어디있는가?

우리는 바쁜 세상 속에서 살아가고 있습니다.

바쁨의 정도는 과거 신학생들에게 실시했던 선한 사마리아인 실험(Good Samaritan Experiment)을 통해서도 나타났습니다.

선한 사마리아인 실험 (Good Samaritan Experiment)

1978년 존 달리(John Darley)와 대니얼 베이트슨(Daniel Bateson)은 이를 실험해보기로 하였습니다. 신학대학 학생들을 피험자로 선정하고 그들 중 절반에게는 선한 사마리아인의 주제를 놓고 설교를 하라는 과업을 주었고, 나머지에게는 이와 관계없는 설교 과제를 주었습니다. 피험자들은 설교를 하러 부리나케 예배당으로 향했는데, 예배당으로 향하는 길 한쪽에는 강도에게 습격을 당한 듯 보이는 사람이 미리 각본에 쓰인 대로 쓰러져 있었습니다.

달리와 베이트슨이 주목한 것은 신학생들에게 과제로 준 설교 주제와 이들이 쓰러진 사람을 돕는 비율 간의 연관성이었습니다. 하지만 쓰러진 사람을 돕는 비율을 결정했던 변수는 오직 예배 시작 시간까지 몇 분 남았느냐 였을 뿐 이들이 받은 설교 주제와는 별 상관이 없었습니다. 즉 사마리아인의 선함을 설교하러 가면서도 자기가 바쁠 때는 정작 눈앞에 쓰러진 사람을 도울 여유가 없었던 것입니다.

누구보다 이웃을 사랑해야 하는 신학생들 조차 시간이 없을 경우에는 이웃에게 관심을 갖지 못했습니다.

더군다나 이 실험은 지금으로부터 사십 사년 전에 이루어졌습니다.

현재는 그때의 사회보다 훨씬 더 바쁜 사회가 되었습니다.

예수님은 우리에게 하나님을 사랑하고 이웃을 사랑하라고 말씀하셨습니다.

사랑의 다른 표현은 관심입니다.

우리는 예수님의 말씀처럼 하나님과 이웃에게 관심을 갖고 있나요?

우리가 하나님과 이웃에게 관심을 가지고 있지 않을 때 나타나는 특징은 무엇인가요?

오늘은 창세기 36장에 나타나는 에서의 후손이야기를 통해 우리 스스로의 신앙을 점검해봅시다.

1-1. 당신이 하나님께 관심 없을 때, 당신은 신앙을 버린다

창세기 36:1-3

1 에서 곧 에돔의 족보는 이러하니라

2 에서가 가나안 여인 중 헷 족속 엘론의 딸 아다와 히위 족속 시브온의 딸인 아나의 딸 오홀리바마를 자기 아내로 맞이하고

3 또 이스마엘의 딸 느바욧의 누이 바스맛을 맞이하였더니

에서는 이삭의 하나님에 대해 관심이 없었습니다.

그는 그의 아버지의 신앙을 받아들이지 않았습니다.

그의 이러한 태도는 그가 하나님에 대한 신앙이 없는 가나안 여인들과 결혼한 사실을 통해 나타났다.

에서는 하나님을 향한 신앙을 버리고 가나안 족속이 추구하는 세상의 가치를 원했습니다.

가나안 여인들에 대한 아버지 이삭의 태도는 어땠을까요?  

창세기 28:1;8-9

1 이삭이 야곱을 불러 그에게 축복하고 또 당부하여 이르되 너는 가나안 사람의 딸들 중에서 아내를 맞이하지 말고

8 에서가 또 본즉 가나안 사람의 딸들이 그의 아버지 이삭을 기쁘게 하지 못하는지라

9 이에 에서가 이스마엘에게 가서 그 본처들 외에 아브라함의 아들 이스마엘의 딸이요 느바욧의 누이인 마할랏을 아내로 맞이하였더라

에서는 이삭이 자신의 결혼에 대해 기뻐하지 않는다는 사실을 깨닫고, 아브라함의 손녀 마할랏을 아내로 맞이하였습니다.

하지만 에서가 이렇게 한 이유는 그의 신앙의 회복을 위해서가 아니었습니다.

그의 목적은 축복을 줄 수 있는 권한을 가진 아버지에게 잘 보이기 위함이었습니다.

그는 세상의 가치와 문화에 관심이 있었습니다.

그래서 그는 하나님의 축복을 세상의 좋은 가치 중 하나로 여겼습니다.

에서는 하나님을 섬기는 것에 관심이 없었습니다.

그래서 그는 아버지에게 신앙을 받는 것을 포기하였습니다.

그는 오직 아버지에게서 하나님의 축복을 얻기를 바랬습니다.

1-2. 당신이 하나님께 관심 없을 때, 당신은 예배의 자리를 떠난다

창세기 36:6-8

6 에서가 자기 아내들과 자기 자녀들과 자기 집의 모든 사람과 자기의 가축과 자기의 모든 짐승과 자기가 가나안 땅에서 모은 모든 재물을 이끌고 그의 동생 야곱을 떠나 다른 곳으로 갔으니

7 두 사람의 소유가 풍부하여 함께 거주할 수 없음이러라 그들이 거주하는 땅이 그들의 가축으로 말미암아 그들을 용납할 수 없었더라

8 이에 에서 곧 에돔이 세일 산에 거주하니라

에서가 야곱을 떠나 세일 산으로 이동한 이유는 무엇일까요?

본문에서는 두 사람의 소유가 풍부하여 함께 거주할 수 없기 때문이라고 설명하였습니다.

우리는 또한 에서가 머물렀던 가나안 땅을 하나님이 야곱에게 주셨다는 사실을 기억해야 합니다.

창세기 33:18-20

18 야곱이 밧단아람에서부터 평안히 가나안 땅 세겜 성읍에 이르러 그 성읍 앞에 장막을 치고

19 그가 장막을 친 밭을 세겜의 아버지 하몰의 아들들의 손에서 백 크시타에 샀으며

20 거기에 제단을 쌓고 그 이름을 엘엘로헤이스라엘이라 불렀더라

하나님이 야곱에게 주신 땅은 삶의 터전이면서 동시에 예배 장소가 되었습니다.

사실 에서는 하나님에 대한 깊은 신앙을 가진 야곱과 함께 어울리기 어려웠을 것입니다.

야곱은 이 사실을 그의 형보다 먼저 깨달았습니다.

그래서 야곱은 전에 그와 동행하고자 하는 에서의 호의를 완곡히 물리쳤던 것입니다.

하나님의 은혜로 야곱과 에서는 서로를 용서하고 대화를 나눌 수 있었습니다.

그러나 하나님을 섬기는 신앙의 영역에서는 이 형제는 서로 너무 달랐습니다.

예배의 자리로 초청받은 야곱과, 예배의 자리를 떠나가는 에서를 통해 우리는 이와 유사한 관계들을 떠올릴 수 있습니다.

그것은 약속의 아들 이삭과 이스마엘의 관계와 아브라함과 롯의 관계입니다.

하나님께서는 하나님께 관심을 갖지 않는 사람들을 약속의 땅, 예배의 자리에서 떠나게 만드셨습니다.

2-1. 당신이 이웃에게 관심 없을 때, 당신은 단절된 삶을 산다

창세기 36:31-32

31 이스라엘 자손을 다스리는 왕이 있기 전에 에돔 땅을 다스리던 왕들은 이러하니라

32 브올의 아들 벨라가 에돔의 왕이 되었으니 그 도성의 이름은 딘하바며

초기에 에서의 자손들은 씨족 사회를 이루었으며, 그들 중 여러 족장들이 등장하였습니다.

시간이 흘러 그들은 초기 국가의 형태를 갖추었습니다.

이후 그들은 에돔 땅을 다스릴 왕을 선출하였고, 왕정 국가를 확립하였습니다.

에돔의 왕들은 도성을 쌓아 이웃 국가와의 관계를 단절 하였습니다.

우리는 이와 관련하여 가인이 세웠던 에녹성을 떠올릴 수 있습니다.

창세기 4:16-17

16 가인이 여호와 앞을 떠나서 에덴 동쪽 놋 땅에 거주하더니

17 아내와 동침하매 그가 임신하여 에녹을 낳은지라 가인이 성을 쌓고 그의 아들의 이름으로 성을 이름하여 에녹이라 하니라

가인은 동생 아벨을 죽이는 죄를 지었습니다.

그는 여호와 앞을 떠났기 때문에, 여호와 대신 그를 지켜줄 성을 쌓았습니다.

마찬가지로 에서의 자손들은 하나님을 떠났기 때문에, 그들은 왕을 선출하고 도성을 쌓았습니다.

문제는 그들이 도성을 쌓음으로 이웃 국가와 단절되었다는 것입니다.

그들은 오직 자신의 국가의 안전과 발전에만 관심을 가졌습니다.

훗날 이스라엘이 애굽에서 탈출하여 가나안으로 들어갈 때, 에돔 족속은 그들의 땅을 통과할 수 있도록 해달라는 이스라엘의 요청을 거부하고 군대를 동원하여 막았습니다.

당신이 이웃에게 관심이 없을 때, 당신은 에돔 족속과 같이 이웃과 단절된 삶을 살아갈 것입니다.

하나님의 사람들은 자신들을 위한 성을 쌓지 않습니다.

하나님의 사람들은 이웃에게 자기 자신을 개방합니다.

2-2. 당신이 이웃에게 관심 없을 때, 당신은 당신의 업적만 추구한다

창세기 36:40-43

40 에서에게서 나온 족장들의 이름은 그 종족과 거처와 이름을 따라 나누면 이러하니 딤나 족장, 알와 족장, 여뎃 족장,

41 오홀리바마 족장, 엘라 족장, 비논 족장,

42 그나스 족장, 데만 족장, 밉살 족장,

43 막디엘 족장, 이람 족장이라 이들은 그 구역과 거처를 따른 에돔 족장들이며 에돔 족속의 조상은 에서더라

본문에 나타나는 이름들은 에돔의 종족들입니다.

종족들의 이름이 각 종족들이 살던 거주지의 이름이 되었습니다.

그들은 그들이 세웠던 도성들과 그들이 머물렀던 땅에 이름을 지었습니다.

그들은 이를 통해 그들의 업적을 기념하기를 원했습니다.

이는 야곱이 하나님이 자기와 말씀하시던 곳의 이름을 벧엘이라고 불렀던 것과 대조됩니다.

야곱은 하나님의 이름을 기념하기 원했습니다.

우리는 자신의 업적을 이루기 위해 열심히 살아가는 사람들을 종종 보게 됩니다.

때때로 우리는 그들의 놀라운 업적을 부러워하며 동경하기도 합니다.

그들은 하나님 없이도 성공하며 스스로 성장하는 인생을 살아갑니다.

세상은 이러한 사람들을 유명 스타로 높이며, 그들에게 주목합니다.

본문에 나타난 에돔 족속의 업적도 이와 같습니다.

그들은 하나님의 축복 없이도 세일 땅과 많은 후손을 얻었습니다.

에돔 족속은 이스라엘의 왕이 등장하기 전에, 이미 에돔의 왕들을 세웠습니다.

스스로 신이 되어버린 것처럼 에돔 족속의 미래에는 장애물이 없었습니다.

그러나 우리는 에돔 족속의 멸망을 기억해야 합니다.

훗날 하나님은 오바댜 선지자를 통해 그들의 멸망을 선언하셨습니다.

하나님의 주권에 따라 실제로 AD 70년 예루살렘이 멸망할 때 에돔 족속도 사라지게 되었습니다.

이것이 하나님과 이웃에게 관심을 갖지 않은 사람들의 최후입니다.

인간의 성취로 얻은 땅과 자손의 번영은 모두 사라지고 말았습니다.

그러나 하나님이 약속하신 땅과 자손의 축복은 영원히 남게 되었습니다.

3. 예수님은 무엇에 관심이 있으신가?

마태복음 22:37-40

37 예수께서 이르시되 네 마음을 다하고 목숨을 다하고 뜻을 다하여 주 너의 하나님을 사랑하라 하셨으니

38 이것이 크고 첫째 되는 계명이요

39 둘째도 그와 같으니 네 이웃을 네 자신 같이 사랑하라 하셨으니

40 이 두 계명이 온 율법과 선지자의 강령이니라

예수님은 하나님을 사랑하고 우리의 이웃을 사랑하라고 말씀하셨습니다.

즉, 이 말은 우리가 예수님의 제자로서 하나님과 이웃에게 관심을 가져야 한다는 뜻입니다.

우리는 앞서, 바쁜 세상 속에서 우리의 관심이 어디 있는지 알아보았습니다.

사람들은 바쁘다는 이유로 주인이신 하나님께 관심을 갖지 않습니다.

그들은 에서와 그의 자손들처럼 그들의 신앙을 버리고, 예배의 자리를 떠납니다.

사람들은 바쁘다는 이유로 그들의 이웃에게 관심을 갖지 않습니다.

그들은 이웃과 단절된 삶을 살며, 오직 자신의 업적을 남기기 위해서 노력합니다.

이러한 삶은 악인의 삶입니다.

이것은 진정한 그리스도인의 삶이 아닙니다.

예수님은 언제나 그의 아버지이신 하나님께 깊은 관심을 가지고 계십니다.

그는 언제나 그가 사랑하는 사람들에게 깊은 관심을 가지고 계십니다.

만약 예수님이 우리에게 관심을 갖지 않으셨다면, 우리는 죽음의 심판에서 벗어날 수 없었을 것입니다. 예수님의 관심이 우리를 죽음에서 생명으로 살린 것입니다.

당신은 당신의 형제 자매, 혹은 이웃에게 관심을 가지고 있습니까?

당신의 작은 관심은 한 생명을 살릴 수 있습니다.

그것은 그리스도의 능력이 되어 하나님의 공동체를 평화롭게 만들 것입니다.

만약 당신이 에서와 그의 자손처럼 하나님과 이웃에게 관심을 갖지 않는다면, 당신과 당신의 가문은 역사 속에서 사라지고, 영원한 수치를 당하게 될 것입니다.

그러나 만약 당신이 야곱처럼 하나님과 이웃에게 관심을 갖는다면, 당신과 당신의 가문은 하나님 앞에서 영원히 영광스럽게 기억 될 것입니다.

예수님은 하나님과 이웃에 대한 관심과 사랑이 우리에게 큰 유익이 된다는 지혜를 말씀을 통해 알려주셨습니다.

  • May 30 / 2021
  • Comments Off on God Gives a New Name to Those who Love Him (Genesis 35:10-12)
Pastor Kang, Sermons, Who is God?

God Gives a New Name to Those who Love Him (Genesis 35:10-12)

Tithes and Offerings

Send to: NongHyup bank 351-0158-2802-13 Song Ki-Joong

God gives a new name to those who love Him

10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Israel.” So he named him Israel. 11 And God said to him, “I am God Almighty; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will come from your body. 12 The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you.”

Genesis 35:10-12
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    • This general’s name is ‘Saad Maan’. Take a look at his expression and notice how perfectly this name suits him.
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There are many other names around the world that could make us laugh. I’m sure you can think of a few right now. You might even have a funny or interesting name yourself. However, even people with funny names can be seriously worried about changing their name to a new one. This is because each name has a specific meaning, and every name usually creates preconceptions or predictions about a person who holds that name.

What about you? Do you need a new name that suits you better?

In fact, God has a new name for you already. What new name will God give you?

And when you get a new name, what changes will happen in your life?

In today’s passage from Genesis 35, God gave Jacob the new name, Israel. The name “Jacob” means “grasping the heel,” which was a Hebrew idiom for “deceiver.” Jacob was originally given his name for how he was born. 

When he came out of his mother’s womb, his twin brother Esau was born first. But Jacob came out holding onto Esau’s heel as if to drag him down. In fact, in Jacob’s earlier life, the name Jacob reflected his personality rather well. He was a deceiver. He deceived both his father and his brother Esau in order to get the eldest son’s blessing. And he also tricked his brother Esau into selling his birthright for a bowl of stew. This essentially dragged Esau down in life status. 

The new name “Israel” on the other hand, which God has now given Jacob, means “he who wrestles with God.” Actually, this name was first given to Jacob in Genesis 32:28 just before he met Esau again for the first time in 20 years. The night before they met, Jacob was restless and couldn’t sleep well, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak. Let’s read the rest of the story to remember it:

Genesis 32:25-28

25 When the man saw that he could not overpower him, he touched the socket of Jacob’s hip so that his hip was wrenched as he wrestled with the man. 26 Then the man said, “Let me go, for it is daybreak.” But Jacob replied, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.”

27 The man asked him, “What is your name?” “Jacob,” he answered.

28 Then the man said, “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.”

Now here in Genesis 35, God once again reaffirms Jacob’s new name. At the same time, he also reaffirms his covenant to Jacob’s grandfather Abraham, to multiply his descendants into a great nation, and to bless them in the land he has given them. Jacob’s new name “Israel” is still now used to refer to his descendants, the Jews, and is a constant reminder of God’s promise and covenant with Abraham, and the religious heritage of his chosen people.

Now, let us consider more carefully what changes will happen to a person when God gives them a new name.

First, we will remove our idols

Genesis 35:1-4

1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up to Bethel and settle there, and build an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you were fleeing from your brother Esau.” 2 So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have with you, and purify yourselves and change your clothes. 3 Then come, let us go up to Bethel, where I will build an altar to God, who answered me in the day of my distress and who has been with me wherever I have gone.” 4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods they had and the rings in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the oak at Shechem.

When God gives you a new name, the first change that happens is that you begin to remove your old idols.

God has decided to give Jacob a new name and he came to Jacob and ordered him to build an altar. In other words, God invited Jacob into the place of worship.

However, Jacob needed some preparation before he could stand before God. He first needed to purify himself and remove his idols. So Jacob gathered all the idols from his wives, his servants, and maidservants and buried them in the ground.

People around us may sometimes say: 

‘Going to church is meaningless. You should study, or make money, or have some free time for yourself instead of wasting your time at church,’

But we know who our master is. So we rely on God, not on the idols that other people pursue – the values of the world. This is the first step for people who get new names from God.

And what happens to people who remove their idols?

Genesis 35:5

5 Then they set out, and the terror of God fell upon the towns all around them so that no one pursued them.

Jacob was afraid that his sons would be retaliated against by the surrounding peoples because they had killed Shechem and his tribe in Genesis 34 after the rape of their sister Dinah. But when Jacob removed the idols from his house, he was removing the values of the world. Then he was able to properly go before God in worship, and the surrounding people became greatly afraid of Jacob’s tribe.

When Jacob gave up the values of the world, the world became afraid of him.

When Jacob abandoned his idols and relied on God, no enemy in the world could beat him.

Second, we will cherish worship

Genesis 35:6-7

6 Jacob and all the people with him came to Luz (that is, Bethel) in the land of Canaan. 7 There he built an altar, and he called the place El Bethel, because it was there that God revealed himself to him when he was fleeing from his brother.

When God gives you a new name, the second change that happens is that we begin to cherish worship to God.

True worship to God includes a determination to rely on God only. It also means that we are determined to remove our idols. The purpose of worship is to remember and honor God, our master. God called Jacob to the place of worship to make him remember that his master was God. And God gave Jacob a new name when he became a true worshiper.

Genesis 35:9-12

9 After Jacob returned from Paddan Aram, God appeared to him again and blessed him. 10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Israel.” So he named him Israel. 11 And God said to him, “I am God Almighty; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will come from your body. 12 The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you.”

Remember Abraham, Jacob’s grandfather? In Genesis 17, Abraham honored God through circumcision. At that time, God also reaffirmed his covenant with Abraham and replaced his original name, Abram, (which means “exalted father”) with his new name, Abraham, (which means “father of many nations”).

Likewise, Jacob honored God through worship. And when God reaffirmed his covenant to Abraham with Jacob, he also gave him the new name, Israel.

God blessed those who honored him, and he blessed their descendants by making them flourish and prosper in the land.

Now we should take note of Jacob’s attitude toward worship

Genesis 35:13-15

13 Then God went up from him at the place where he had talked with him. 14 Jacob set up a stone pillar at the place where God had talked with him, and he poured out a drink offering on it; he also poured oil on it. 15 Jacob called the place where God had talked with him Bethel.

Jacob praised God and gave his offering at Bethel, which means “House of God.” Remember, this was the location where he had first encountered God in a vision of a stairway to heaven. At that time, he was fleeing his home and on his way to his uncle Laban’s house. God appeared to him in a dream and again reaffirmed his covenant to Abraham that would be continued through Jacob.

Now, Jacob has become a man who is in total awe of God.

Jacob honored the place of worship where God had first appeared to him. This attitude of Jacob is a good example of the type of worshiper we should strive to be.

Worship can be an emotional experience for us, and sometimes people are comforted and gain new strength through worship. This isn’t a bad thing.

But if the purpose of worship is not first and foremost to honor and serve God, but rather to gain personal benefits or relieve our stress, then this is not the right attitude of worship. If you become the master of worship, then you become your own idol.

Remember, we can only worship God because God first invited us to the place of worship. We must not forget this fact.

The purpose of worship is to remember that God is our master and honor and serve him. At the same time, we confess that Jesus Christ is our Lord and savior.

Worship should be maintained as a holy and most precious thing in your life. Cherish the worship that God invited you to. This is the right attitude of the worshiper who adores God above all other things.

Third, we will take a perspective of faith

Genesis 35:16-18

16 Then they moved on from Bethel. While they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth and had great difficulty. 17 And as she was having great difficulty in childbirth, the midwife said to her, “Don`t be afraid, for you have another son.” 18 As she breathed her last — for she was dying — she named her son Ben-Oni. But his father named him Benjamin.

When God gives you a new name, the third change that happens is to Take a perspective of faith.

God’s acknowledgement of Jacob’s faith is a joyful event on his faith journey, and God gave him a new name as evidence of his faith.

But in Jacob’s life, there was still darkness.

First, Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died. Then, his son Reuben went in and slept with his concubine, Bilhah. After that, his father, Isaac, died. But worst of all, his beloved wife, Rachel died in childbirth when she was giving birth to his youngest son, Benjamin.

So what exactly has changed in Jacob’s life, after he received a new name from God? Jacob, now Israel, is starting to observe the world from a perspective of faith. This change is revealed in Israel’s attitude before his wife dies.

From a human perspective, it is a tragic event whenever a mother dies in childbirth. So Rachel, knowing she was dying, expressed her sorrow at this tragic event by naming her son “Ben-Oni” which means “the son of my pain.”

However, faced with the same situation, her husband Israel, named his son ‘Benjamin’ instead. ‘Benjamin’ means “son of my right hand” or also “son of happiness”.

In this tragic situation, how was Israel able to look at the world from a perspective of faith? It is because he always remembered that God was his master through worship. Israel also recognized that his whole family also belonged to God.

Jacob, the deceiver, now had faith and inner strength to match his new name. Israel, he who wrestles with God, no longer felt frustrated or resentful about the problems in his life.

He worshiped God every time there was a problem and fully relied on God, his master.

The new name God gives us

In the Bible, God changed various people’s names for important reasons to signify some important change in their lives and relationship with him. 

  • He changed ‘Abram’ (exalted father) to ‘Abraham’ (father of many nations).
  • He changed ‘Sarai’ (princess) to ‘Sarah’ (noblewoman, or she who strives).
  • He changed ‘Jacob’ (deceiver) to ‘Israel’ (wrestles with God).

What was the significance behind God changing their names?

Even today, but especially during Bible times, a name was more than just a title. It reflected the personality and life of the person, and furthermore, was also thought to play a role in predicting or prophesying the future.

God determined Abram would be the father of many nations, not just a respected father. So, he called him Abraham with his covenantal promise.

Likewise, God changed Jacob’s name to Israel because the promise of the Messiah is implied by the new name ‘Israel’.

Then what is the new name God gives us?

2 Corinthians 5:17

17 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come!

When we believe in Jesus Christ as our savior, God changes our names to ‘Christian’, which means “follower or disciple of Christ.”

Christians become true worshipers of God when we repent of our sins and old idols. We cherish the worship of God by honoring God through Jesus Christ. And we look at the world from the perspective of faith, praising God for his salvation and hope even in the most desperate situation.

Christians try to live as disciples of Jesus. As God continues his work of sanctification in us and we grow in maturity in Christ, the fruit of the Spirit, and the life of the gospel will grow within us through the sovereignty of God.

The Christian who has received a new name from God will become a person the world fears. The Christian who fought against the values ​​of the world and won will be honored by God before everyone. This is the powerful good influence of Christians who have received a new name from God.

  • Do you want a new name from God?
  • Do you want to fight the values of the world and win?
  • Do you want to work for the glory of God?
    • Then, remove your idols!
    • Cherish worship!
    • Take a perspective of faith!
    • And Confess Jesus Christ as your savior!!

[ For Sharing time ]

Q.) What is at least one good aspect of you because you are Christian? What is the power of Christian?


하나님은 새로운 이름을 주시길 원하신다

10 하나님이 그에게 이르시되 네 이름이 야곱이지마는 네 이름을 다시는 야곱이라 부르지 않겠고 이스라엘이 네 이름이 되리라 하시고 그가 그의 이름을 이스라엘이라 부르시고

11 하나님이 그에게 이르시되 나는 전능한 하나님이라 생육하며 번성하라 한 백성과 백성들의 총회가 네게서 나오고 왕들이 네 허리에서 나오리라

12 내가 아브라함과 이삭에게 준 땅을 네게 주고 내가 네 후손에게도 그 땅을 주리라 하시고

창세기 35:10-12

0. 예화 : 세상에서 가장 어색하고 웃긴 이름들

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    • 이 장군의 이름은 ‘새드 맨’입니다. 우리는 그의 표정을 보며 그의 이름이 그와 잘 어울린다고 생각할 지도 모르겠습니다.
  • [PPT 4] 
    • 이 화면은 한 영화의 엔딩 크레딧으로 보여집니다. 흥미로운 것은 기술 점수 자문 위원 중 중 한 사람의 이름이 크리스 피 베이컨이라는 것입니다. 이유는 모르겠지만, 갑자기 배가 고파지네요.
  • [PPT 5] 
    • 마지막은 사회 정의 센터에서 일하는 직원의 인터뷰가 실린 BBC 뉴스의 스크린 샷입니다. 크리스찬 가이, 그의 이름은 그의 직업을 더욱 신뢰할 수 있게 만들어 줍니다.

이 밖에도 세계에는 우리를 웃게 만드는 이름들이 많습니다.

하지만, 정작 웃긴 이름들을 가진 사람들은 자신의 이름을 새로운 이름으로 바꾸는 것에 대해 심각하게 고민하기도 합니다.

왜냐하면 이름은 그 이름을 가진 사람에 대한 선입견이나 예상을 만들어 내기 때문입니다.

이러한 이유로 어떤 사람들은 새로운 이름을 간절히 원하기도 합니다.

당신은 어떻습니까? 당신에게 새로운 이름이 필요할까요?

분명한 사실은 하나님은 당신에게 새로운 이름을 주시기를 원하신다는 것입니다.

하나님이 당신에게 주실 새로운 이름은 무엇일까요?

그리고 당신이 새로운 이름을 얻게 될 때, 당신에게는 어떤 변화가 일어날까요?

1. 너의 우상을 제거하라

창세기 35:1-4

1 하나님이 야곱에게 이르시되 일어나 벧엘로 올라가서 거기 거주하며 네가 네 형 에서의 낯을 피하여 도망하던 때에 네게 나타났던 하나님께 거기서 제단을 쌓으라 하신지라

2 야곱이 이에 자기 집안 사람과 자기와 함께 한 모든 자에게 이르되 너희 중에 있는 이방 신상들을 버리고 자신을 정결하게 하고 너희들의 의복을 바꾸어 입으라

3 우리가 일어나 벧엘로 올라가자 내 환난 날에 내게 응답하시며 내가 가는 길에서 나와 함께 하신 하나님께 내가 거기서 제단을 쌓으려 하노라 하매

4 그들이 자기 손에 있는 모든 이방 신상들과 자기 귀에 있는 귀고리들을 야곱에게 주는지라 야곱이 그것들을 세겜 근처 상수리나무 아래에 묻고

당신이 새로운 이름을 얻게 될 때, 일어나는 첫 번째 변화는 우상을 제거하는 것입니다.

하나님은 야곱에게 새 이름을 주시기로 결단하셨습니다.

그는 야곱을 찾아오셔서 제단을 쌓으라고 명령하셨습니다.

즉, 하나님이 야곱을 예배의 장소로 초청하신 것입니다.

야곱은 하나님 앞에 나아가기 위해 몇 가지 준비가 필요했습니다.

그것은 자신을 정결하게 하며 우상을 제거하는 것이었습니다.

그래서 야곱은 그의 아내들과, 남종들, 여종들이 소중하게 여겼던 우상들을 모아 땅에 묻었습니다.

우리의 주변 사람들은 우리에게 이렇게 말합니다.

‘교회를 가는 것은 너에게 의미가 없다, 차라리 그 시간에 너 자신을 위해 공부를 하거나, 돈을 벌거나, 자유 시간을 가져라’

하지만 우리는 우리의 주인이 누구인지 알고 있습니다.

그래서 우리는 사람들이 추구하는 우상들-세상의 가치에 의존하지 않고 하나님을 의지하는 것입니다. 이것이 새로운 이름을 얻는 사람들의 첫번째 단계입니다.

우상을 제거하는 사람들에게 일어나는 현상을 무엇인가요?

창세기 35:5

5 그들이 떠났으나 하나님이 그 사면 고을들로 크게 두려워하게 하셨으므로 야곱의 아들들을 추격하는 자가 없었더라

야곱은 그의 아들들이 세겜과 그의 부족을 죽였기 때문에, 주변 민족으로부터 보복을 당할까 두려웠습니다.

그러나 야곱이 하나님 앞에 나가기 위해 우상들-세상의 가치를 제거하자, 오히려 주변 민족들은 야곱의 무리를 크게 두려워했습니다.

그가 세상의 가치를 포기하자, 오히려 세상의 가치가 그를 두려워하게 된 것입니다.

야곱이 우상들을 버리고 하나님을 의지하자, 세상의 어떤 적도 야곱을 이길 수 없었습니다.

2. 예배를 사랑하라

창세기 35:6-7 ;13-15

6 야곱과 그와 함께 한 모든 사람이 가나안 땅 루스 곧 벧엘에 이르고

7 그가 거기서 제단을 쌓고 그 곳을 엘벧엘이라 불렀으니 이는 그의 형의 낯을 피할 때에 하나님이 거기서 그에게 나타나셨음이더라

당신이 새로운 이름을 얻게 될 때, 일어나는 두 번째 변화는 예배를 사랑하는 것입니다.

하나님을 예배하는 것은 오직 하나님을 의지하며 살겠다는 결심을 의미합니다.

그것은 또한 우리가 우리의 우상들을 제거하기로 결심했다는 것을 의미합니다.

예배의 목적은 나의 주인이신 하나님을 기억하는 것입니다.

하나님은 야곱에게 그의 주인이 하나님이라는 것을 기억하도록 만들기 위해 그를 예배의 자리로 부르셨습니다.

하나님은 진정한 예배자가 된 야곱에게 새로운 이름을 주셨습니다.

창세기 35:9-12

9 야곱이 밧단아람에서 돌아오매 하나님이 다시 야곱에게 나타나사 그에게 복을 주시고

10 하나님이 그에게 이르시되 네 이름이 야곱이지마는 네 이름을 다시는 야곱이라 부르지 않겠고 이스라엘이 네 이름이 되리라 하시고 그가 그의 이름을 이스라엘이라 부르시고

11 하나님이 그에게 이르시되 나는 전능한 하나님이라 생육하며 번성하라 한 백성과 백성들의 총회가 네게서 나오고 왕들이 네 허리에서 나오리라

12 내가 아브라함과 이삭에게 준 땅을 네게 주고 내가 네 후손에게도 그 땅을 주리라 하시고

야곱의 할아버지인 아브라함은 할례를 통해 하나님을 기억하였습니다.

그때 하나님은 아브람에게 새로운 이름인 아브라함을 주셨습니다.

마찬가지로 야곱은 예배를 통해 하나님을 기억하였습니다.

하나님은 야곱에게 새로운 이름인 이스라엘을 주셨습니다.

하나님은 하나님을 기억하는 사람들에게 자손과 땅에 대한 축복을 주셨습니다.

이로 인해 하나님께 순종하는 사람들의 세력은 점점 생육하고 번성하게 되었습니다.

이제 우리는 예배에 대한 야곱의 태도를 주목해 보아야 합니다.

창세기 35:13-15

13 하나님이 그와 말씀하시던 곳에서 그를 떠나 올라가시는지라

14 야곱이 하나님이 자기와 말씀하시던 곳에 기둥 곧 돌 기둥을 세우고 그 위에 전제물을 붓고 또 그 위에 기름을 붓고

15 하나님이 자기와 말씀하시던 곳의 이름을 벧엘이라 불렀더라

야곱은 하나님이 그를 떠나 올라가신 후에, 하나님의 찬양하며 하나님께 예물을 드렸습니다.

이제 야곱은 하나님을 완전히 경외하는 사람이 되었습니다.

그래서 그는 하나님을 배웅하며, 하나님이 나타나신 예배의 자리를 사랑하게 되었습니다.

이러한 야곱의 태도는 우리가 추구해야 할 좋은 예배자의 모범이 됩니다.

때때로 사람들은 예배를 통해 위로를 받고 새로운 힘을 얻습니다.

이것이 나쁘다는 뜻은 아닙니다.

그러나 예배의 목적이 하나님을 섬기는 것이 아니라, 개인의 유익이나 교훈을 얻기 위한 것이 된다면 그것은 올바른 예배자의 태도가 아닙니다.

당신 스스로 예배의 주인이 된다면, 그것은 당신 스스로 우상이 되는 것입니다.

우리가 하나님께 예배를 드릴 수 있는 이유는 하나님이 먼저 우리를 이 자리로 초청하셨기 때문입니다. 우리는 이 사실을 반드시 기억해야 합니다.

예배의 목적은 하나님이 나의 주인임을 기억하는 것입니다.

동시에 예수 그리스도가 나의 구원자임을 고백하는 것입니다.

예배를 당신의 인생에서 가장 소중한 것으로 여기십시요.

하나님이 당신을 초청한 예배를 사랑하십시요.

그것이 하나님을 경외하는 예배자의 바른 태도입니다.

3. 믿음의 관점을 가져라

창세기 35:16-18

16 그들이 벧엘에서 길을 떠나 에브랏에 이르기까지 얼마간 거리를 둔 곳에서 라헬이 해산하게 되어 심히 고생하여

17 그가 난산할 즈음에 산파가 그에게 이르되 두려워하지 말라 지금 네가 또 득남하느니라 하매

18 그가 죽게 되어 그의 혼이 떠나려 할 때에 아들의 이름을 베노니라 불렀으나 그의 아버지는 그를 베냐민이라 불렀더라

당신이 새로운 이름을 얻게 될 때, 일어나는 세 번째 변화는 믿음의 관점을 갖게 되는 것입니다.

야곱은 그의 믿음의 여정에서 기쁜 사건을 경험했습니다.

그것은 하나님께서 야곱의 믿음을 인정하시고, 그 증거로 새로운 이름을 선물로 주신 것입니다.

그러나 야곱의 인생에서는 여전히 크고 작은 고난들과 슬픈 일들이 일어났습니다.

리브가의 유모 드보라가 죽었고, 르우벤이 그의 첩 빌하와 동침하였습니다.

그의 아버지 이삭이 죽었으며, 결정적으로 그의 사랑하는 아내 라헬이 출산으로 인해 죽었습니다.

그렇다면 새로운 이름을 하나님께부터 받은 야곱의 삶은 무엇이 달라졌을까요?

이스라엘이 된 야곱은 믿음의 관점으로 세상을 바라보게 되었습니다.

그 변화는 그의 아내가 죽기 전 이스라엘의 태도를 통해 드러납니다.

사람의 관점에서 출산으로 인해 어머니가 죽게 되는 것은, 비극적인 사건입니다.

그래서 라헬은 이 비극적인 사건을 아들의 이름을 통해 표현하였습니다.

‘베노니’ 내 고통의 아들이란 뜻입니다.

그러나 이스라엘은 그의 아들을 베노니라는 이름 대신 베냐민으로 고쳐 불렀습니다.

‘베냐민’은 행복의 아들이란 뜻입니다.

이스라엘이 믿음의 관점으로 세상을 바라보게 된 이유는 무엇일까요?

그것은 그가 예배를 통해 하나님이 주인이라는 사실을 언제나 기억했기 때문입니다.

이스라엘은 그의 가족 또한 그의 소유가 아니라 하나님의 소유임을 알고 있었습니다.

야곱은 그의 새로운 이름에 걸맞게 그의 신앙과 내면의 힘이 강해졌습니다.

이스라엘은 더 이상 세상의 문제 앞에서 좌절하지 않았습니다.

그는 문제가 생길 때 마다 하나님을 예배하며 주인이신 하나님을 의지했습니다.

4. 하나님이 우리에게 주시는 새로운 이름 : 그리스도인

하나님은 ‘아브람’의 이름을 ‘아브라함’으로, ‘사래’를 ‘사라’로, ‘야곱’을 ‘이스라엘’로 바꾸어 부르셨습니다. 하나님은 왜 그들의 이름을 바꾸셨을까요?

이름은 사람을 부르는 단순한 호칭 이상의 의미를 지니고 있었습니다.

이름은 그 사람의 성격과 생애를 반영하고, 더 나아가 미래를 예견하는 역할도 했습니다.

하나님께서 아브람이 단지 큰 아버지가 아닌 열국의 아비가 되기를 원하셨습니다. 

그래서 하나님은 하나님의 약속을 담아 그를 아브라함으로 부르신 것입니다.

마찬가지로 하나님께서 야곱의 이름을 이스라엘로 바꾸신 것은 ‘이스라엘’ 이라는 새 이름 속에 메시아의 언약이 내포되어 있기 때문입니다.

하나님이 우리에게 주시는 새로운 이름은 무엇일까요?

고린도후서 5:17

17 그런즉 누구든지 그리스도 안에 있으면 새로운 피조물이라 이전 것은 지나갔으니 보라 새 것이 되었도다

우리가 예수 그리스도를 우리의 구원자로 믿을 때, 하나님은 우리의 이름을 ‘그리스도인’으로 바꾸어주십니다.

그리스도인은 예수님을 통해 하나님을 기억하는 참된 예배자가 됩니다.

그리스도인은 믿음의 관점으로 세상을 바라보게 되어 절망적인 상황 가운데서도 하나님의 구원과 희망을 바라봅니다.

그리스도인은 예수님의 제자로서 살아가기 위해 노력합니다.

그들의 선한 영향력과 복음을 전하는 삶은 하나님의 주권 안에서 점점 더 퍼져갈 것입니다.

즉 하나님께 새로운 이름을 받은 그리스도인은 세상이 두려워하는 사람이 되는 것입니다.

세상의 가치와 싸워 승리한 그리스도인은 모든 사람들이 보는 앞에서 하나님께 영광을 돌리게 될 것입니다.

이것이 하나님께 새로운 이름을 받은 그리스도인의 강력한 선한 영향력입니다.

당신의 이름이 그리스도인이 되길 원하십니까? 

세상에서 승리하고 싶으십니까?

하나님께 영광 돌리고 싶으십니까?

당신의 우상을 제거하십시요!

예배를 사랑하십시요!

믿음의 관점으로 세상을 바라보십시요!

예수님을 당신의 구원자로 고백하십시요!

  • May 09 / 2021
  • Comments Off on How Will You Respond to Your Own Red Sea Incident? (Exodus 14:13-14)
Pastor Kang, Sermons

How Will You Respond to Your Own Red Sea Incident? (Exodus 14:13-14)

Tithes and Offerings

Send to: NongHyup bank 351-0158-2802-13 Song Ki-Joong

How will you respond to your own Red Sea Incident?

13 Moses answered the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand firm and you will see the deliverance the LORD will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never see again.

14 The LORD will fight for you; you need only to be still.”

Exodus 14:13-14

People often say that life is a continuation of problems and crises. If I ask, ‘Do any of you have a problem at the moment? Please raise your hand,’ then everyone will lift their hands.

The only difference is whether the problems are big or small, but everyone is living with their own problems. We can define this situation as:

“The Universal Nature of Problems”

This reality helps us to realize a very important truth. The truth is that in our lifetimes, problems will never completely disappear for us. In other words, we are destined to live with various problems throughout our lives.

In this troubled reality, a person who does not realize the origin of all problems, that is sin, will lose his or her life, body, and spirit, as well as his or her soul.

Then, how should we observe problems from the perspective of our identity as God’s child and Christ’s disciple? Why do some people grow and mature through their problems and others become frustrated and spiral downward through their problems?

The Israelites, precursors to modern day Christians, endured many problems living as slaves in Egypt. But when the time of God’s salvation came, Israel faced a crisis of desperation at the Red Sea that was at the crossroads between life and death.

In fact, the difference in perspective we may have when looking at our problems depends on our relationship with God. In today’s sermon, let me introduce three different perspectives that three different types of people have when considering their problems. 

  1. First, “A person who is God’s enemy responds to His will with contempt or indifference.”
  2. Second, “A person who is distant from God responds to His will with uncertainty or fear.” 
  3. Third, “A person who is intimate with God responds to His will in faith and trust.”

We can find these three types of people in our passage from Exodus today. Each type of person’s response to the Red Sea Incident depends on their relationship with God.

First, let us consider the response of God’s enemy.


“A person who is God’s enemy responds to His will with contempt or indifference.”

A perfect example of this type of person is the King of Egypt.

When Moses and Aaron stood before the king of Egypt before He freed them from slavery, the king of Egypt looked upon them with contempt and asked, “Who is this Lord? I will not let Israel go because I do not know Him.”

For the Egyptian king and his people who did not recognize God’s existence and did not heed His word, nor regard His will, everything that followed ended in utter destruction and catastrophe for them. God sent ten plagues upon them that devastated their land, their food supply, their livestock, their economy, their health, their wealth, their gods, and their families. The Red Sea Incident was the culmination of their destruction when the Sea that had been open and dry for the Israelites to cross over swallowed the entire legion of Egyptian warriors who pursued them. This included the king, whose hard heart had brought about their calamity.

God’s judgment was delivered swiftly upon the army of Egypt in the form of walls of water that crushed the mighty soldiers and their horses. Even their swift chariots and drivers could do nothing to escape the judgement of the Lord. He had hardened their hearts in arrogance and confused them, and the King of Egypt and his people completely lost control over their own lives and destinies.

For those who have antagonized God, their problems will extend beyond mere damage to their circumstances or bank account to a massive calamity that will ultimately take their lives. When they ignore the sovereignty of God, the master of the world, and sit upon the throne as kings or queens of their own lives, they may feel like they are able to solve all their own problems by themselves and feel fulfillment and satisfaction. However, in the time of God’s judgment, they will lose any illusion of control they still grasp at and come to a miserable end.

What is the result responding to God’s will as an enemy, with contempt or indifference? Such a response ultimately results in destruction.

Let us turn now to the second type of person.

“A person who is far from God responds to His will with uncertainty or fear.”

The best example of this type of person are the Israelites, as they fled Egypt in fear.

Exodus 14:11-12

11 They said to Moses, “Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die? What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt?

12 Didn`t we say to you in Egypt, `Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians`? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!”

Take a look at these reactions of these people who were suddenly in crisis. Most of the people became resentful and impatient. As time went on, they poured out their resentment as a protest to Moses in order to rationalize their fear and uncertainty in the face of their problem.

They forgot that Moses was their leader appointed by God, so they rebuked Moses when his leadership was perceived to be a failure. By doing so, they were able to rationalize the crisis they were experiencing, and were able to justify any negative actions or attitudes they had.

But there is no true peace in the hearts of those who are not fully convinced of God’s will. This is because their hearts are divided; they are a broken people, holding within themselves two conflicting and opposing identities. On the one hand, they carry the identity of God’s chosen people within themselves, but at the same time, they also carry the idea that they want to live in a moderate compromise with the world.

They think, ‘One day in the future, I will worship God properly’, ‘One day in the future, I will evangelize my family’, ‘One day in the future, I will stand before God and devote myself fully to the church and community.’

But they also have the opposite idea at the same time, adding a ‘But not yet…’ to the end of every good thought they’ve had. 

‘One day, I will worship God properly, but not yet because it is difficult to go before God due to my situation right now.’ ‘One day, I will evangelize my family, but not yet because first I must extinguish an urgent fire that has occurred in my life. I will pray later when I have the time’, ‘One day, I will devote myself to God, but not yet because I want to have fun in the world right now. I will go to God later when it is time.’

In fact, this type of thing happened to me when I was a full-time evangelist in Australia. One day, when I had a break from church work, I was introduced to a part-time cleaning job by an acquaintance. After cleaning the offices and bathrooms for five hours, I got paid reasonably well for work that was relatively easy. It also was economically helpful for me.

After that, I regularly worked at that part-time cleaning job when I was not in church in order to help earn more living expenses. As I worked more and more, my life became a little tough, but my economic situation improved significantly. However, despite the noticeable improvement in my financial situation, deep down in my heart, I was uncomfortable.

At first, I thought, ‘Let me work hard in the church and also work hard to clean the offices.’ At first, it seemed to work as I did my best. But as time went on, I suffered burnout, and nothing in my life could be done passionately. After this realization, I came back to Korea to concentrate full-time on the pastoral vocation given to me by God.

Life in Australia had been relaxing and satisfying for me personally because there was a lot of time to think alone. However, with these two identities at conflict within me, in which I both desired to be filled with passion for church work and also to become economically wealthy, I struggled. The struggle between these two identities was never completely resolved, and the fire of conflict between them could not be extinguished from my mind.

The Israelites would have found themselves in a similar situation. They coexisted with both the ideas of ​​serving God well, and at the same time desiring to live prosperously in Egypt. Therefore, they were unable to make a big impact for God because they did not have complete faith in Him, but they were also unable to make a big impact in the world because they weren’t fully devoted to it either. 

However, the biggest problem is that if this ambiguous relationship with God persists, the flame of inner conflict will grow within us and we will eventually destroy ourselves. Problems that come upon a person who is unsure of God’s will are going to frustrate their inner conflict and make it self-destructive. It becomes like a sting that slowly spreads poison throughout the body.

What is the result responding to God’s will with a divided heart, in uncertainty or fear? Such a response ultimately results in self-destruction.

Finally, let us consider the third type of person.

“A person who is intimate with God responds to his will in faith and trust.”

A good example of this type of person is Moses.

Exodus 14:30-31

30 That day the LORD saved Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore.

31 And when the Israelites saw the great power the LORD displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared the LORD and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant.

Moses trusted God fully. Therefore, he was able to encourage the Israelites to also put their complete trust in God, even as their greatest problem pursued them. But it was only after witnessing his miraculous salvation through the destruction of the Egyptian army in the depths of the Red Sea that the people fully trusted God. The Israelites who experienced God’s salvation remained in the camp and became witnesses to God’s fighting for them.

1 CORINTHIANS 10:1-2

1 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea.

2 They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea.

According to 1 Corinthians, Israel’s passing through the Red Sea is described as a symbol of baptism. In baptism, a person passes into and out of the water as a way to express their salvation from the power of sin which leads to death. When they enter the water, they enter as a sinful person, condemned to death for their sins, which is their old identity. When they exit the water, they exit as clean and righteous, redeemed to life by God’s great mercy, and they take on their new identity as children of God. 

This is what had happened to Israel at that moment. They entered the opening in the Red Sea as former slaves of Egypt, and slaves to sin, and they exited on the other side as a free people, chosen and set apart by God for good works. This reality fully sank in when they witnessed the destruction of their former slave masters, the owners of their old lives.

Before the parting of the Red Sea, Moses had ordered the people to stand firm and not be afraid even in the face of their greatest problem. He commanded them to look and wait upon the salvation that the Lord would bring about for them that day… “The LORD will fight for you; you need only to be still.”

This is the characteristic of a person who fully trusts God. He stands in awe of the Lord and has no shaking of his faith, even in the face of his greatest problem. In fact, in the face of your greatest problems, those who fully trust God may actually find their faith strengthened in response to the trial as they wait upon the Lord.

In other words, when your identity is not in conflict, and your heart fully trusts God, your spirit will remain peaceful no matter what happens outside your body.

What is the result responding to God’s will as his child, in faith and trust? Such a response ultimately results in our salvation, and his glorification, as we become witnesses of his grace to us.

Today we have seen three different responses to the same Red Sea Incident from three different perspectives. But what if some of us do not fit easily into any of these three types of responses? Perhaps we find ourselves being able to relate to multiple responses. That is, in fact, our reality as Christians.

The ups and downs of faith

Think about it. What type of relationship with God do you have?

  • Are you like the king of Egypt who is hostile to God?
  • Are you like the Israelites who are struggling with a commitment between God and the world?
  • Or are you like Moses who trusted God completely?

In fact, we have all three types of characters inside each of us.

We are all fragile sinners, though we want to be perfect. So, even if we trust God completely, sometimes we will not be sure of our commitment to Him, and sometimes we will antagonize God’s will. We will come and go from the boundary of faith, at times in perfect harmony with God’s will, at times confused about it, and at times at odds with Him.

Then how did Moses, a fragile and sinful man like the rest of us, lead the Israelites through the Red Sea and take up the ministry of God?

Moses was one who listened to God. He was always in the place where a believer should be, at God’s side. God was the best commander and strategist for Moses and gave him detailed information about what would happen and how to deal with it.

Yet, we also know Moses was not an excellent speaker. As a leader who had to lead the people, to be bad at public speaking would have been a fatal weakness for him. But Moses did not get frustrated with his weaknesses. Rather, he went to the place where God was present and listened to God every day. In this way, God’s words became his own words and he was able to overcome his greatest weakness through God’s strength.

We must not be frustrated by our shortcomings and weaknesses. Rather, we need to approach the throne of God in the position of a believer, and God will give us wisdom and strength to solve the problem. This is why the place of worship is precious.

The End Result of the Red Sea Incident is the Glorification of God

Whenever a crisis arises due to a big or small problem in life, the person who accompanies God and trusts him fully will turn the problem into a gift. This event will be an honor to God, and we will be delighted with God’s salvation. In the end, these people can confess their own Red Sea Incident as a Red Sea Miracle.

In contrast, this crisis will become a curse for those who do not believe in God. They will learn that their own lives depend entirely on God’s sovereignty. They will also suffer from unhappiness and conflicts because they can not harmonize with God, but will be judged by Him for their sin. This type of person will confess the Red Sea Incident as a Red Sea Calamity.

Do you want to solve your problems and crises? Do you hope to see God’s salvation in your life as the Israelites did? Then do as Moses commanded them: “13 Do not be afraid. Stand firm and you will see the deliverance the LORD will bring you today…. 14 The LORD will fight for you; you need only to be still.”

In your problems and crises, turn first to God in prayer and rely on His sovereignty. Moses, in faith, did that. When he lifted his cane and raised it up toward the sea, he was powerless, but filled with faith. It was God who actually divided the sea and dried the land in the middle to make the Israelites pass over it.

And just as the Israelites stood still and looked upon God’s salvation for them, we also must look to Jesus, our savior, without being disturbed by the many problems that may confront us. Moses was powerless when he held his cane out over the sea. God did everything. Likewise, we are powerless in our sin, but when we fold our hands together and pray, Jesus will do everything. He is our savior who bled and died on the cross for us, paying the price for our slavery to sin, and he was resurrected for our new life of freedom in His kingdom.

The Red Sea, which confronted the Israelites in today’s Scripture, became a powerful tool to display the glory of God. For the people of Israel, the bottom of the sea appeared as God’s miracle. It was the path to their salvation. But for the people of Egypt, the bottom of the sea became a grave of death and destruction.

When you have trouble, focus on God, who is bigger than your trouble. Don’t focus on your trouble. In intimacy with God, in faith and trust in His will, and through the power of Jesus Christ, your problem will become God glorifying according to His perfect plan.

I hope we will accompany our Lord, Jesus this week.


<홍해 사건의 의미>

13 모세가 백성에게 이르되 너희는 두려워하지 말고 가만히 서서 여호와께서 오늘 너희를 위하여 행하시는 구원을 보라 너희가 오늘 본 애굽 사람을 영원히 다시 보지 아니하리라

14 여호와께서 너희를 위하여 싸우시리니 너희는 가만히 있을지니라

출애굽기 14:13-14

0. 예화 “문제의 보편성”

 오늘은 <홍해 사건의 의미>라는 제목으로 출애굽기 14장 하반절의 내용을 나누도록 하겠습니다.

인생은 문제와 위기의 연속이라고 말합니다. 만약 제가 ‘현재 문제가 있는 분 한번 손 들어 보십시오’라고 묻는다면, 아마 모든 분들이 손을 들것입니다. 

 크고 작음의 차이가 있을 뿐, 모든 사람들은 저마다의 문제를 가지고 살아가고 있는 것입니다. 

이로써 우리는 한 가지를 깨달을 수 있는데, 그것은 우리가 사는 평생 동안, 우리에게 문제가 사라지는 일은 결코 없을 것이라는 사실입니다. 

즉, 우리는 평생 여러 가지 문제들을 안고 살아가야 할 운명을 지닌 존재들이라는 것입니다.

문제투성이인 현실에서 문제의 본래 의미를 깨닫지 못하는 사람은 그의 육신과 정신은 물론, 그의 영혼까지 생명을 잃어가게 될 것입니다.

 그렇다면 하나님의 자녀이며, 그리스도의 제자 된 우리는 어떠한 시각으로 문제를 바라보아야 할까요?

 왜 어떤 사람은 문제를 통해 성장하고, 또 어떤 사람은 문제로 인해 넘어지게 되는 것일까요?

 우리 그리스도인의 표본이 되는 이스라엘 백성들은 애굽에서 노예로 살면서 많은 문제를 겪었습니다. 그러나 하나님의 구원의 때가 되자 이스라엘은 생사의 갈림길에 서게 되는 절체절명의 위기를 맞이하게 되었습니다.

 사실 문제를 바라보는 시각의 차이는 하나님과의 관계에 따라 달라집니다.

  1. “하나님과 친밀하여 온전히 하나님의 뜻을 신뢰하는 사람”, 
  2. “하나님과 사이가 멀어 하나님의 뜻에 대해 확신을 갖지 못하는 사람”, 
  3. “하나님을 대적하여 하나님의 뜻을 가볍게 여기는 사람”.

 오늘 우리가 나눌 출애굽기 14장 하반절에는 이러한 세 가지 유형의 사람들이 나타납니다. 그리고 그들이 하나님과 맺고 있는 관계에 따라, 홍해 사건에 대한 의미도 제각각으로 나타나게 됩니다.

 이스라엘 백성은 어떤 유형의 사람들이었을까요?

1. 하나님의 뜻에 대해 확신을 갖지 못하는 사람

출애굽기 14:11-12

11 그들이 또 모세에게 이르되 애굽에 매장지가 없어서 당신이 우리를 이끌어 내어 이 광야에서 죽게 하느냐 어찌하여 당신이 우리를 애굽에서 이끌어 내어 우리에게 이같이 하느냐

12 우리가 애굽에서 당신에게 이른 말이 이것이 아니냐 이르기를 우리를 내버려 두라 우리가 애굽 사람을 섬길 것이라 하지 아니하더냐 애굽 사람을 섬기는 것이 광야에서 죽는 것보다 낫겠노라

 이스라엘 백성은 “하나님과 사이가 멀어 하나님의 뜻에 대해 확신을 갖지 못하는 사람”의 유형에 속하였습니다.

 갑작스럽게 위기를 맞은 사람들의 반응은 어떻습니까? 

대부분은 당황해하며, 조급해 합니다. 그리고 시간이 좀 더 지나게 되면, 위기가 일어난 이유를 합리화시킬 대상을 찾아 원망과 항의를 쏟아냅니다. 

 이스라엘 백성들 또한 이와 다르지 않았습니다. 

그들은 모세가 하나님이 세우신 지도자라는 사실을 망각하고, 그저 하나의 미련한 인간 지도자로 여기며 모세의 정책에 대한 실패를 마구 나무라고 있는 것입니다.

 그렇게 해야 자신들이 겪게 된 위기를 합리화 할 수 있으며, 자신들의 행위와 마음이 정당화될 수 있기 때문입니다.

 하나님의 뜻에 대해 확신을 갖지 못하는 사람들의 마음속에는 진정한 평화가 없습니다. 그 이유는 그들이 두 가지 생각을 가지고 있기 때문입니다.

 즉, 하나님의 사람이라는 정체성을 가지고 있지만, 세상에서도 적당히 타협하며 살아가고 싶은 생각이 있는 것입니다.

 그래서 ‘언젠가는 내가 예배를 제대로 드려야지’, ‘언젠가는 우리 가족 모두를 전도해야지’, ‘언젠가는 내가 하나님 앞에 제대로 서서 교회와 지역사회를 위해 헌신해야지’ 하고 생각합니다.

 하지만 동시에 이와 반대되는 생각도 가지고 있습니다.

‘지금은 나의 상황 때문에 하나님 앞에 나아가기 어려워’ ‘지금은 내 삶에 일어난 급한 불부터 꺼야해, 여유가 생기면 그때 기도할거야’, ‘지금은 세상에서 좀 즐기고 싶어 때가 되면 하나님 앞에 나아갈 거야’

 제가 호주에서 전임 전도사로 사역했을 때의 일입니다. 

쉬는 날 지인의 소개로 청소 아르바이트를 하게 되었습니다. 혼자서 다섯 시간 동안 사무실과 화장실을 청소하는 일이었는데, 비교적 일이 쉽고 경제적으로도 도움이 되는 정도의 시급을 받을 수 있었습니다.

 저는 생활비를 좀 더 벌기 위해, 교회에서 사역을 하지 않는 시간에 청소 아르바이트를 고정적으로 하였습니다. 

 몸은 피곤했지만 생활 형편은 전보다 넉넉해 졌습니다. 그런데 형편이 넉넉해 졌음에도 불구하고 제 마음은 어딘가 모르게 불편하였습니다.

 처음에는 ‘목회도 열심히, 청소도 열심히 하여서 나의 주체성을 키워나가자’ 라는 생각을 하였습니다. 하지만 시간이 갈수록 목회에도 청소에도 매진할 수 없게 되었습니다. 이러한 깨달음 뒤에는 하나님께서 주신 소명인, 목회에 집중하기 위해 전임 사역자 과정을 마친 후 한국으로 귀국하게 되었습니다.

 호주에서의 삶은 혼자서 사색할 수 있는 시간이 많아 개인적으로는 여유롭고 만족스러웠습니다. 하지만 목회도 열정적으로 하고 싶고, 경제적으로도 풍요롭고 싶다는 이 두 가지 마음이 사라지지 않아 항상 제 마음 속에는 갈등의 불씨가 꺼지지 않았습니다.

 이스라엘도 하나님을 잘 섬기고 싶은 생각과 동시에 애굽에서 풍요롭게 잘 살고 싶다는 생각이 공존하였을 것입니다. 그래서 하나님께도 순수한 신앙이 아니고 세상에서도 큰 결단을 하지 못하는 갈팡질팡하는 모습을 보이고 있는 것입니다.

 문제는 이러한 하나님과의 애매한 관계가 지속된다면, 내면의 갈등의 불꽃이 커져 결국 스스로를 파괴하게 된다는 사실입니다.

 이렇게 하나님의 뜻에 확신이 없는 사람에게 다가오는 문제의 의미는 내면의 갈등을 부추겨서 자멸하게 만드는, 서서히 독이 퍼지는 독침과도 같은 것입니다.

 그렇다면 하나님을 온전히 신뢰하는 사람은 누구일까요?

2. 하나님을 온전히 신뢰하는 사람

출애굽기 14:30-31

30 그 날에 여호와께서 이같이 이스라엘을 애굽 사람의 손에서 구원하시매 이스라엘이 바닷가에서 애굽 사람들이 죽어 있는 것을 보았더라

31 이스라엘이 여호와께서 애굽 사람들에게 행하신 그 큰 능력을 보았으므로 백성이 여호와를 경외하며 여호와와 그의 종 모세를 믿었더라

 하나님을 온전히 신뢰한 사람은 하나님의 종 모세였습니다. 그리고 하나님의 구원 사건을 경험한 뒤의 이스라엘 백성이었습니다. 

 이스라엘 사람들은 진에 머물러 있으면서 하나님이 그들을 위해 어떻게 싸우시는지 보고 들은 증인이 되었습니다. 

고린도전서 10:1-2

1 형제들아 나는 너희가 알지 못하기를 원하지 아니하노니 우리 조상들이 다 구름 아래에 있고 바다 가운데로 지나며

2 모세에게 속하여 다 구름과 바다에서 세례를 받고

신약성경 고린도전서에 따르면 이스라엘이 홍해 가운데로 지나 구원받은 사건이 세례의 상징으로 묘사됩니다. 그 이유는 이스라엘 백성들이 물을 통과함으로써 죽음으로 이끄는 죄의 권세에서 구원 받았음을 표현하는 예식이 세례이기 때문입니다. 

홍해 사건이 일어나기 전, 모세는 하나님께 이 일에 개입하라는 명령을 받았습니다. 이에 대한 모세의 반응은 출애굽기 14장 13절과 14절에 나타나 있습니다.

이에 따르면 모세는 백성들에게 ‘두려워하지 말고 가만히 서서 여호와께서 오늘 너희를 위하여 행하시는 구원을 보라… 여호와께서 너희를 위하여 싸우시리니 너희는 가만히 있을지니라’ 라고 명령하였습니다.

하나님을 온전히 신뢰하는 사람의 특징은 여호와를 경외하며 그 믿음의 흔들림이 없다라는 것입니다. 즉, 하나님을 온전히 신뢰하는 한 가지 마음만 있기 때문에, 외부에 어떤 풍파가 몰아치더라도 그 내면이 평안한 것입니다.

하나님을 온전히 신뢰하는 사람에게 다가오는 문제의 의미는 하나님의 영광을 나타내며. 우리를 위한 하나님의 일하심과 싸우심을 목격하게 되는 것입니다.

다음은 “하나님을 대적하여 하나님의 뜻을 가벼이 여기는 사람”에 대해서 나누어 보고자 합니다.

3. 하나님을 대적하여 하나님의 뜻을 가벼이 여기는 사람

 모세와 아론이 하나님의 구원 사역을 시작하기에 앞서 바로 앞에 섰을 때의 일입니다.

바로는 그들에게 ‘여호와가 누구이기에 내가 그의 목소리를 듣고 이스라엘을 보내겠느냐 나는 여호와를 알지 못하니 이스라엘을 보내지 아니하리라’ 하고 말하였습니다.

 하나님의 존재를 인정하지 않고, 하나님의 뜻을 가벼이 여기는 바로와 애굽백성들에게 홍해 사건은 그들의 생명을 통째로 집어 삼키는 대재앙으로 다가왔습니다.

 하나님의 심판 아래 애굽의 군사들과 말, 병거와 마병들은 아무것도 할 수 없었습니다. 하나님은 그들의 마음을 완악하게 또 어지럽게 하셨기 때문에 바로와 애굽 사람들은 자기 통제력을 상실했습니다. 

 하나님을 대적하는 사람들에게 문제는 단순한 피해를 넘어 생명을 앗아가는 거대한 재앙으로 확대됩니다. 이들은 세상의 주인이신 하나님의 주권을 무시한 채 스스로 인생의 주인이 되어 자신의 문제를 해결하면서 성취감과 만족감을 느끼며 삽니다. 그러나 정작 하나님의 심판의 때에는 자기 통제력을 상실한 채, 허망한 최후를 맞게 되는 것입니다.

4. 신앙의 기복

이제 한번 생각해 봅시다. 나의 하나님의 관계는 어떤 사람과 닮았습니까?

하나님을 온전히 신뢰하는 모세입니까? 하나님과 세상 사이에서 번민하는 이스라엘 백성입니까? 아니면 하나님을 대적하는 바로입니까?

사실 우리 안에는 이 세 가지 유형이 모두 들어있습니다.

우리는 온전하고자 하나 연약한 죄인이기 때문입니다.

그래서 하나님을 온전히 신뢰하다가도 확신이 없어지기도 하고, 때로는 하나님의 뜻에 대적하며 신앙의 경계를 왔다 갔다 하곤 합니다.

우리와 같은 연약한 사람인 모세는 어떻게 이스라엘 백성을 이끌고 하나님의 사역을 감당하였을까요?

모세는 하나님의 말씀을 듣는 사람이었습니다. 그는 신앙인이 있어야할 자리에 언제나 있었던 사람입니다. 

하나님은 말씀을 들을 준비가 되어있는 모세에게 최고의 지휘관으로서 또 책략가로서 앞으로 일어난 일과 또 대처하는 방법을 상세하게 알려주셨습니다.

우리는 지도자 모세가 언변에 능통하지 못했다는 사실을 알고 있습니다. 

사람들을 이끌어나가야 하는 지도자가 말을 잘 하지 못한다는 것은 모세에게 치명적인 약점이 되었을 것입니다.

하지만 모세는 자신의 약점에 좌절하지 않고, 오늘 하나님께 나아가야 할 자리에 나가 하나님의 말씀을 경청하였습니다. 우리 또한 우리의 부족함과 약점에 좌절하지 않아야 합니다. 

오히려 우리가 신앙인으로서 있어야할 자리에 있을 때, 하나님께서는 우리에게 지혜를 주시고 문제를 해결해 주실 것입니다.

우리에게 허락하신 이 예배의 자리가 소중한 이유가 바로 이것 입니다.

5. 홍해 사건의 의미

오늘 말씀은 홍해사건의 의미가 무엇인지 우리에게 알려주고 있습니다.

인생의 크고 작은 문제로 인해 위기가 생겼을 때 하나님과 동행하는 사람은 그것이 오히려 선물이 되어 하나님께 영광이 되고, 하나님의 구원하심으로 기쁨을 누리게 됩니다. 

이러한 사람은 홍해사건을 홍해기적으로 고백하게 되는 것입니다.

이와는 대조적으로 하나님을 믿지 않는 사람은 이 위기가 저주로 나타나게 되어, 세상을 이끌어 가는 힘이 하나님의 주권에 있음을 보게 될 것입니다. 

또한 불순종으로 인해 하나님의 심판을 받아 하나님과 화합하지 못해 불안과 갈등이 끊이질 않는 고통을 겪게 될 것입니다. 이러한 사람은 홍해사건을 홍해재앙으로 고백하게 되는 것입니다.

문제와 위기를 해결하는 가장 쉬운 방법은 하나님께 기도로 여쭈어보고 하나님의 주권에 의지하는 것입니다. 모세가 할 수 있었던 것은 고작 지팡이를 들고 손을 바다 위로 내밀었던 것이 전부였습니다. 

실제로 바다를 가르고, 바다 한가운데 땅을 말려 이스라엘 백성을 그곳으로 지나가게 하신 것은 하나님께서 하신 것입니다.

이스라엘 백성들이 가만히 서서 하나님의 구원을 지켜보았던 것처럼, 우리도 문제 앞에서 동요하지 않고 구원자이신 예수님을 바라보아야 합니다.

모세가 지팡이를 들고 바다 위를 내밀었을 때, 하나님이 모든 일을 행하셨습니다. 마찬가지로 우리가 손을 모으고 기도할 때에, 예수님이 모든 일을 행하실 것입니다.

예수님이 이미 우리의 죄의 문제를 해결하신 우리의 구원자이기 때문입니다.

오늘 이스라엘 백성들 앞에 나타난 홍해는 하나님의 영광을 나타내는 도구가 되었습니다.

하나님의 일하심으로 드러난 바다의 바닥은 이스라엘에게는 구원의 길이 되었지만 애굽사람들에게는 멸망의 길이 되었습니다. 문제에 집중하기보다 문제보다 크신 하나님을 바라보십시오. 예수님을 통해 문제가 하나님께 영광이요 구원으로 나타나는 기적을 경험하시길 주님의 이름으로 소망합니다.

  • Jan 31 / 2021
  • Comments Off on What does God want from us? (Genesis 22:1-2)
Pastor Kang, Sermons, Who is God?

What does God want from us? (Genesis 22:1-2)

Tithes and Offerings

Send to: NongHyup bank 351-0158-2802-13 Song Ki-Joong

What does God want from us?

1 Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!”  “Here I am,” he replied. 2 Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, Isaac, whom you love, and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains I will tell you about.”

Genesis 22:1-2

0. Introduction (A rich friend)

I want to share a story about the title of the sermon today.

I have a friend who has been very close since childhood.

One day, his business really took off.

With his success, he said he wanted to give me a big gift. You see, I had helped him out with his business until the day it began to become successful.

My friend asked me what I wanted to have, and as a joke, I told him I needed a new car.

But my friend took my joke seriously and really gave me a new car!

I was extremely grateful to my friend and sold my old car.

The shiny new car became my most treasured possession, and I was in high spirits.

Then one day, my friend suddenly called me out of the blue.

Embarrassed, he said,

“Say, listen. I’m so sorry, but you have to give me back the car I gave you. I need funds for my business right away.”

“What?” I was shocked. 

But eventually, I gave my friend the new car back.

So, how was my mood then?

Did I still thank my friend who had tried to give me a new car? or

Did I blame my friend for giving me a new car and then taking it back?

Today’s message is titled “What does God want from us?”, and it is taken out of Genesis chapter 22.

1. The command of God

Genesis 22:1-2

1 Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!”  “Here I am,” he replied. 2 Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, Isaac, whom you love, and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains I will tell you about.”

In the beginning of this chapter, God asks Abraham to return his most precious treasure, the child of Promise.

This child was the most precious thing in the world to Abraham.

Isaac was the son promised by God, given to him at age 100, the heir to all his possessions, and supposed to be the beginning of the great nation that God had also promised.

Isaac was his everything.

But God wondered if Abraham would dedicate his most precious possession to God.

So God guided him to a test that was difficult for him to bear, in order to confirm Abraham’s faith.

God’s demand to start off for an unknown mountain to sacrifice Isaac as a burnt offering to God may remind us of the command God had previously given Abraham to leave his homeland and go settle in unknown lands.

God once again asked Abraham to give up what was most precious in his life.

So, what do you suppose were Abraham’s feelings about God’s command to return that son to God?

2. Abraham’s obedience

Genesis 22:3

3 Early the next morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. He took with him two of his servants and his son Isaac. When he had cut enough wood for the burnt offering, he set out for the place God had told him about.

Surprisingly, Abraham did not resent God.

Instead, he began to solve this difficult test by obeying God.

But how was Abraham able to obey God’s difficult demands immediately?

In the past, Abraham had tried to solve his problems on his own.

But all the problems were not resolved according to his own will.

Over time, Abraham began to realize that the notion that he was his own master was wrong.

Abraham confessed that God was the only master and problem solver who could solve his problems. He finally recognized God’s sovereignty over his life.

Through his experiences with God, Abraham eventually grew in awe of him, the master of his life.

We need to take note of this word “awe”.

It means “holy fear and respect for” God, and is true of the man who acknowledges God’s sovereignty and glory.

In the past, Abraham had originally regarded God merely as a tool who could help solve his problems. But as his faith grew, he realized that he belonged under the sovereignty of God.

So at this point in Abraham’s life, after all his previous experiences with God, he could not help but obey the demands of his master. His amazing obedience was possible because he had been with God for a long time.

Let’s just think about our own faith for a moment.

Please don’t worry if you feel your faith is small. Remember, even Abraham was also a beginner in faith at first. The important thing we should focus on is constant fellowship with God.

Read the Bible every single day!

Pray to God every day!

Make a short meeting with God of even 5 or 10 minutes your daily habit!

And with each small exercise of faith you do like this, God will grow your faith.

From faith to faith we grow. From smaller faith, through the exercise and practice of our faith, we grow on to greater faith in God when he remains the center of our lives.

3. Obedience result

Genesis 22:11-18

11 But the angel of the LORD called out to him from heaven, “Abraham! Abraham!” “Here I am,” he replied.

12 “Do not lay a hand on the boy,” he said. “Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son.”

13 Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son. 14 So Abraham called that place The LORD Will Provide. And to this day it is said, “On the mountain of the LORD it will be provided.”

15 The angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven a second time 16 and said, “I swear by myself, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17 I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, 18 and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.”

Look here. God gave two gifts to Abraham after seeing his obedience.

The first gift was a ram, to be used in place of his son as a burnt offering sacrifice to God.

The second gift was a further blessing on Abraham’s descendants.

Actually, in this test, what God really wanted was not what he asked for, the son Isaac, but rather it was the heart of the owner, Abraham.

God wanted Abraham’s full obedience.

God demanded Isaac as evidence of complete obedience.

So, what does God really want from me?

God wants my full obedience.

God receives our offerings as evidence of complete obedience.

He may not ever ask us to give him the life of our first born child as he did to Abraham, but

what’s amazing is that even when we give God a part of our treasured possessions,

God acknowledges that we have dedicated them all to him. (This is also why the tithe in the Old Testament was a tenth of what was brought in.)

Why is this so?

It’s because God knows that people are fragile

And God knows better than we do about what people need to live.

This is God’s amazing calculation and grace.

Abraham regained his son through full obedience, and received a greater blessing from God than before.

What we should remember is that Abraham’s blessing was not granted based on his actions alone, but rather that through God’s sovereignty and mercy, and Abraham’s heart and obedience, he chose to bless him.

4. God is the hardest worker

Genesis 22:20-23

20 Some time later Abraham was told, “Milcah is also a mother; she has borne sons to your brother Nahor:

21 Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel (the father of Aram), 22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph and Bethuel.” 23 Bethuel became the father of Rebekah. Milcah bore these eight sons to Abraham`s brother Nahor.

After God confirmed Abraham’s obedience, he worked quickly on the blessing of his descendants.

The Bible specifically mentions the birth of Rebekah here, who would be Isaac’s wife in the future.

And we can also see that the blessing of numerous descendants, which was Abraham’s long-awaited desire, proceeded rapidly through the work of God.

If you obey God as Abraham did, he will eventually lead you to the fastest, smoothest, safest, easiest, or best path. Getting there may not be easy, but God is faithful, and he will eventually fulfill his promises to those whose hearts are his and who obey him fully.

The solution to our problems depends on obeying God fully because he is always the hardest worker in the world for us.

5. The foundation of obedience (Jesus Christ)

Mark 10:45

45 For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

Let’s assume that God gave you this command. 

“Take your son or daughter, whom you love dearly, and go to sacrifice him or her as a burnt offering on that far away mountain that I will tell you about.”

Could you obey this command of God?

We may answer ‘‘Please, no, Lord. Rather kill me in the place of my son or daughter and spare their life’ or ‘No, father God, That command is too terrible for me. Why would you give me such an evil commandment when you are supposed to be good and just? I’m sorry but I can’t understand you at all!’

So how could Abraham obey such a difficult command?

After Abraham had accompanied God for a long time, and eventually recognized God as his master. It was through this realization that Abraham was able to confess that his life, as well as everything he had, came only from God. His son Isaac was no exception.

Abraham felt more fear of God’s command, his master, than fear of losing his only son, whom God had also already promised, and delivered to him in his old age.

He knew that his life depended entirely on God’s sovereignty and grace, and that if God gave, he could also take away. But additionally, that if God promised, he would always deliver. So, even if God were to take Isaac away, it was fully within God’s power, and promise, to return Isaac to him again.

Therefore, he had to obey God’s orders.

He could no longer live by his human thinking alone before God, his master, the Creator of the universe and giver of all things. (Human thinking is so small and limited compared to the unmatched awesomeness of God. So, then why do we so often assume we know better, or have better answers than him who created all things?)

Moving on, what is the true meaning of God’s command to sacrifice his son?

In fact, God’s command to Abraham to sacrifice his son, Isaac, is a foreshadowing of God’s own sacrifice of his son, Jesus Christ, for us on the cross. And just as Abraham led Isaac up the mountain to be sacrificed, and Isaac followed his father willingly to the end, so also God led Jesus through his ministry on earth and along the path of death to the cross, with Jesus following willingly in order to obey God’s command. 

This is how God has granted us eternal life.

Because all have sinned, we’ve inherited a sin nature from birth, and from our first parents, Adam and Eve. And all sin, whether big or small, requires a penalty to be paid – that penalty is death. But Jesus, by following God’s command, sacrificed his own life in place of ours. He took our death penalty for sin upon himself so that whoever believes in him is no longer under the curse of the death penalty for sin, but has gained eternal life through him.

As Abraham was about to sacrifice his son, Isaac, God stopped him quickly because he was testing his obedience. But he did not do so with Jesus’ sacrifice because Jesus was sent on a mission, to save the whole world through his sacrifice, and fully obedient to the end, he succeeded. This is God’s true heart for us. He loves his people, his creation enough, to give up his own most precious treasure for us.

Sometimes God may demand the most precious thing we have. He is checking our willingness to obey our master, God. But never forget that God has already sacrificed the most precious thing he had, for you.

So, don’t blame God for asking for your possessions. Rather, thank God for all that you have already, and that he is asking so little of you. He has already given you the greatest gift.

In fact, nothing you have now is actually yours.

Your life, your time, your family, your property, your health, your power …

All these came from God.

Express your gratitude to God for giving us all these great gifts!

Express your gratitude to God for sending Jesus to you, and giving up his greatest possession, for your eternal life!

Give God back just a portion of what he has already given you!

Obedience to our God is the best way to practice our faith, worship him, show that we love him, and be rewarded by his hand!


< 하나님이 우리에게 원하시는 것은? >

1 그 일 후에 하나님이 아브라함을 시험하시려고 그를 부르시되 아브라함아 하시니 그가 이르되 내가 여기 있나이다 2 여호와께서 이르시되 네 아들 네 사랑하는 독자 이삭을 데리고 모리아 땅으로 가서 내가 네게 일러 준 한 산 거기서 그를 번제로 드리라

창세기 22:1-2

0. 예화(부자 친구 이야기)

오늘 주제와 관련하여 하나의 이야기를 나누겠습니다.

나에게는 어린 시절부터 아주 친하게 지내던 한 친구가 있습니다.

그러던 어느 날 친구의 사업이 엄청난 대박이 났습니다.

친구는 그 동안 힘들 때 자신을 도와주었던 나에게 갖고 싶은 것을 선물해 주겠다고 말했습니다.

나는 친구의 말에 농담으로 나는 새 자동차가 필요하다고 말했습니다.

그런데 친구는 나의 제안을 받아들여 정말로 나에게 새 자동차를 선물해 주었습니다.

나는 친구에게 큰 고마움을 느꼈고, 내 오래된 차를 팔았습니다.

형편이 넉넉하지 못했던 나에게 친구가 선물해 준 새 자동차는 나에게 가장 소중한 보물이 되었습니다.

그러던 어느 날, 친구에게 전화가 왔습니다.

그는 당황스러워 하면서 나에게 이렇게 말했습니다.

‘너무 미안하지만, 내가 준 자동차를 돌려 주어야겠어. 지금 내 사업을 위한 자금이 필요하거든.’

결국 나는 친구에게 새 자동차를 돌려주었습니다.

이때 내 기분은 어땠을까요?

나에게 새 자동차를 선물해 준 친구에게 여전히 고마움을 느낄까요? 아니면

새 자동차를 선물해주었다가 다시 빼앗은 친구를 원망하는 마음이 들까요?

오늘은 <하나님이 우리에게 원하시는 것은?>이라는 제목으로 창세기 22장의 말씀을 나누겠습니다.

1. 하나님의 명령

창세기 22:1-2

1 그 일 후에 하나님이 아브라함을 시험하시려고 그를 부르시되 아브라함아 하시니 그가 이르되 내가 여기 있나이다 2 여호와께서 이르시되 네 아들 네 사랑하는 독자 이삭을 데리고 모리아 땅으로 가서 내가 네게 일러 준 한 산 거기서 그를 번제로 드리라

하나님은 아브라함에게 그의 가장 소중한 보물을 다시 돌려달라고 하셨습니다.

아브라함에게 세상에서 가장 소중한 것은 약속의 아들, 이삭이었습니다.

아브라함에게 이삭은 그의 인생에 중요한 의미였습니다. 이삭은 그의 모든 것이었습니다.

하나님은 아브라함이 그의 가장 소중한 것을 하나님께 바치는지 궁금하셨습니다.

그래서 하나님은 아브라함의 믿음을 시험하기 위해, 그를 사람이 감당하기 어려운 시험으로 인도하셨습니다.

이삭을 바치기 위해 확정되지 않은 산으로 출발하라는 하나님의 요구는 

하나님께서 아브라함에게 그의 고향을 떠나 확정되지 않은 땅으로 가라고 하신 명령을 생각나게 합니다.

하나님은 아브라함에게 다시 한번 그가 가진 가장 소중한 것을 포기하라고 요구하시는 것입니다.

가장 소중한 아들을 다시 돌려달라는 하나님께 아브라함은 어떤 마음을 가졌을까요?

2. 아브라함의 순종

창세기 22:3

3 아브라함이 아침에 일찍이 일어나 나귀에 안장을 지우고 두 종과 그의 아들 이삭을 데리고 번제에 쓸 나무를 쪼개어 가지고 떠나 하나님이 자기에게 일러 주신 곳으로 가더니

아브라함은 하나님을 원망하지 않았습니다.

아브라함은 하나님께 순종함으로써 이 어려운 시험을 풀기 시작하였습니다.

아브라함이 하나님의 어려운 요구에도 즉시 순종할 수 있었던 이유는 무엇이었을까요?

아브라함은 지금까지 자신의 문제를 스스로 해결하려고 노력하였습니다.

그러나 그는 모든 문제들이 그의 뜻대로 해결되지 않았습니다.

아브라함은 그가 그의 인생의 주인이라는 생각이 잘못 되었음을 깨달았습니다.

아브라함은 하나님이 그의 문제를 해결할 수 있는 유일한 해결사 라는 사실을 알게 되었습니다.

그가 비로소 그의 인생에 대한 하나님의 주권을 인정하게 된 것입니다.

아브라함은 그와 그의 인생의 주인이신 하나님을 경외하게 된 것입니다.

우리는 이 ‘경외’라는 단어를 주목해야 할 필요가 있습니다.

경외란 하나님의 주권과 영광을 인정하는 사람이 가지는 거룩한 두려움과 공경심을 의미합니다.

과거의 아브라함은 하나님을 그저 그의 문제를 해결해주는 해결사로만 여겼습니다.

그러나 신앙이 성장한 아브라함은 그가 하나님의 주권 아래 속해있는 존재라는 것을 깨달았습니다.

그래서 아브라함은 그의 주인이신 하나님의 요구에 순종하지 않을 수가 없었습니다.

그의 놀라운 순종은 그가 오랜 시간 동안 하나님과의 동행하였기 때문에 가능한 것이었습니다.

잠시 나의 믿음이 어떤지 살펴봅시다.

나의 믿음의 수준이 높은 수준이 아닐지라도 걱정할 필요가 없습니다.

아브라함도 처음에는 믿음의 초보자였기 때문입니다.

중요한 것은 하나님과의 지속적인 교제 입니다.

매일 단 한 줄이라도 성경을 읽으십시요!

매일 단 10초라도 하나님께 기도하십시요!

하나님과의 짧은 만남을 매일의 습관으로 만드십시요!

내가 할 수 있는 작은 실천 뒤에, 하나님께서 당신의 믿음을 성장시키실 것입니다.

3. 순종의 결과

창세기 22:11-18

11 여호와의 사자가 하늘에서부터 그를 불러 이르시되 아브라함아 아브라함아 하시는지라 아브라함이 이르되 내가 여기 있나이다 하매

12 사자가 이르시되 그 아이에게 네 손을 대지 말라 그에게 아무 일도 하지 말라 네가 네 아들 네 독자까지도 내게 아끼지 아니하였으니 내가 이제야 네가 하나님을 경외하는 줄을 아노라

13 아브라함이 눈을 들어 살펴본즉 한 숫양이 뒤에 있는데 뿔이 수풀에 걸려 있는지라 아브라함이 가서 그 숫양을 가져다가 아들을 대신하여 번제로 드렸더라

14 아브라함이 그 땅 이름을 여호와 이레라 하였으므로 오늘날까지 사람들이 이르기를 여호와의 산에서 준비되리라 하더라

15 여호와의 사자가 하늘에서부터 두 번째 아브라함을 불러

16 이르시되 여호와께서 이르시기를 내가 나를 가리켜 맹세하노니 네가 이같이 행하여 네 아들 네 독자도 아끼지 아니하였은즉

17 내가 네게 큰 복을 주고 네 씨가 크게 번성하여 하늘의 별과 같고 바닷가의 모래와 같게 하리니 네 씨가 그 대적의 성문을 차지하리라

18 또 네 씨로 말미암아 천하 만민이 복을 받으리니 이는 네가 나의 말을 준행하였음이니라 하셨다 하니라

하나님은 아브라함의 순종 이후에 그에게 두 가지 선물을 주셨습니다.

첫번째 선물은 이삭을 대신하여 번제로 드릴 숫양이었습니다.

두번째 선물은 아브라함의 자손에 대한 축복이었습니다.

하나님이 진정으로 원하셨던 것은 예물로 드린 ‘이삭’이 아니라 ‘아브라함’이었습니다.

하나님은 아브라함의 완전한 순종을 원하셨던 것입니다.

하나님은 완전한 순종의 근거로써 예물을 요구하신 것입니다.

하나님이 나에게 진정으로 원하는 것은 무엇일까요?

하나님은 나의 완전한 순종을 원하십니다.

하나님은 완전한 순종의 근거로써 우리의 예물을 받으십니다.

놀라운 사실은 우리가 가진 것의 일부를 하나님께 드렸을 때,

하나님은 우리가 모든 것을 하나님께 드린 것으로 여기신다는 것입니다.

이러한 원리가 적용되는 이유는 무엇일까요?

하나님은 사람이 연약한 존재라는 것을 아시기 때문입니다

또 하나님은 사람이 살아가기 위해 필요한 것들을 우리보다 더 잘 알고 계시기 때문입니다.

이것이 하나님의 놀라운 계산법이요 은혜인 것입니다.

아브라함은 완전한 순종을 통해 그의 아들을 되찾았고, 전보다 더 큰 축복을 하나님께 받았습니다. 

우리가 기억해야 할 것은 아브라함의 축복은 그의 행동이 그 원인이 아니라는 것입니다.

하나님의 주권과 자비가 아브라함의 축복의 근거가 되었습니다.

4. 하나님은 가장 열심히 일하시는 분

창세기 22:20-23

20 이 일 후에 어떤 사람이 아브라함에게 알리어 이르기를 밀가가 당신의 형제 나홀에게 자녀를 낳았다 하였더라

21 그의 맏아들은 우스요 우스의 형제는 부스와 아람의 아버지 그므엘과 22 게셋과 하소와 빌다스와 이들랍과 브두엘이라 23 이 여덟 사람은 아브라함의 형제 나홀의 아내 밀가의 소생이며 브두엘은 리브가를 낳았고

하나님은 아브라함의 순종을 확인하시고 그의 자손의 축복을 위해 신속하게 일하셨습니다.

본문은 장차 이삭의 아내가 될 리브가의 탄생을 언급하고 있습니다.

아브라함의 오랜 소망이었던 자손의 축복이 급속도로 진행되는 것입니다.

하나님께 순종하면 하나님께서 가장 빠른 길로 인도하십니다.

우리의 문제의 해결은 하나님께 순종하는 것에 달려 있습니다.

하나님은 나를 위해 가장 열심히 일하시는 분이기 때문입니다.

5. 순종의 근거(예수 그리스도)

마가복음 10:45

45 인자가 온 것은 섬김을 받으려 함이 아니라 도리어 섬기려 하고 자기 목숨을 많은 사람의 대속물로 주려 함이니라

하나님께서 나에게 명령하십니다.

‘너의 아들 또는 딸을 나에게 제물로 바쳐라’

당신은 이 하나님의 명령에 순종할 수 있습니까?

우리는 이에 대해 이렇게 대답할 것입니다.

‘하나님 차라리 나를 죽이시고 내 아들과 딸을 살려주세요’ 또는

‘하나님 그 명령은 나에게 너무 끔찍합니다. 하나님은 선하시고 정의로우신 분인데 왜 이런 악한 명령을 하십니까?’

아브라함은 어떻게 이렇게 어려운 하나님의 명령에 순종할 수 있었을까요?

아브라함은 하나님과 오랜 시간 동행하였고, 결국 하나님을 자신의 주인으로 인정하였습니다.

아브라함은 자신의 생명은 물론, 자신이 가진 모든 것이 하나님께로부터 왔음을 깨달았습니다.

그의 아들 이삭도 예외는 아니었습니다.

아브라함은 아들을 잃는 두려움보다 그의 주인이신 하나님의 말씀에 대해서 더 큰 두려움을 느꼈습니다. 

그는 그의 삶이 주권이 하나님께 달려있음을 알고 있었습니다.

그래서 그는 하나님의 명령 앞에서 순종할 수 밖에 없었습니다.

그는 더 이상 주인이신 하나님 앞에서 자신을 주장할 수 없었습니다.

아들을 제물로 바치라는 하나님의 명령의 진정한 의미는 무엇일까요?

하나님은 아들을 제물로 바치라는 이 끔찍한 명령을 스스로에게 하셨습니다.

그 아들이 바로 예수 그리스도입니다.

예수님은 하나님의 말씀에 순종하기 위해 스스로 죽음의 길로 걸어가셨습니다.

그것이 우리에게 영원한 생명을 줄 수 있는 하나님의 유일한 방법이었기 때문입니다.

하나님은 아브라함이 그의 아들, 이삭을 희생시키려 할 때, 다급하게 그의 행동을 막으셨습니다.

그러나 하나님은 그의 아들, 예수님의 희생을 막지 않으셨습니다.

하나님은 그의 아들의 생명보다 우리의 생명이 더 소중했기 때문입니다.

이것이 우리를 위한 하나님의 진정한 마음이었습니다.

때때로 하나님은 우리에게 우리가 가진 가장 소중한 것을 요구하십니다.

그 요구의 의미는 나의 주인이신 하나님께 순종하라는 것입니다.

그의 아들 보다 우리를 더 사랑하신 하나님께 순종하라는 것입니다.

내가 가진 소중한 것을 원하시는 하나님을 원망하지 마십시요.

오히려 하나님께 드릴 수 있음에 감사하십시요.

사실 나의 것은 아무것도 없습니다.

나의 생명, 나의 시간, 나의 가족, 나의 재산, 나의 건강, 나의 능력… 이 모든 것은 하나님께로부터 온 것입니다.

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하나님께 받은 것의 일부를 하나님께 믿음으로 드리십시요.

하나님께 순종하는 길이 우리의 소망이 이루어지는 가장 빠른 길입니다.

  • Jun 21 / 2020
  • Comments Off on Christ is the Center of our Unity (1 Corinthians 1:10-17)
1 Corinthians: The Application of Christian Principles, Pastor Heo, Sermons

Christ is the Center of our Unity (1 Corinthians 1:10-17)

Download Notes in a .MD file

Christ is the Center of our Unity

1 Cor 1:10-17 (Pastor Heo)

Divisions in the Church

10 I appeal to you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree with one another so that there may be no divisions among you and that you may be perfectly united in mind and thought. 11 My brothers, some from Chloe’s household have informed me that there are quarrels among you. 12 What I mean is this: One of you says, “I follow Paul”; another, “I follow Apollos”; another, “I follow Cephas”; still another, “I follow Christ.”

13 Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Were you baptized into the name of Paul? 14 I am thankful that I did not baptize any of you except Crispus and Gaius, 15 so no one can say that you were baptized into my name. 16 (Yes, I also baptized the household of Stephanas; beyond that, I don’t remember if I baptized anyone else.) 17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel–not with words of human wisdom, lest the cross of Christ be emptied of its power.


1 Cor was written by Paul. He planted a local church at Corinth during his 2nd missionary journey. At this time, he is at Ephesus during his 3rd missionary journey. He heard a bad report about Corinth. From whom did he hear the report? From the servant of Chloe.

v. 11

“My brothers, some from Chloe’s household have informed me that there are quarrels among you. “

Maybe Chloe was a rich business woman living in Ephesus or Corinth with her servants handling business between Ephesus and Corinth. Anyway, what is clear is that these first-hand observers told Paul what was happening at Corinth.

Paul wrote this letter to help them with their problems.

Problem #1: Disunity, division

In church history, division has always been a problem among the people of God. In this case, it was quarreling over who they “follow”. Paul, Apollos, Cephas, Christ? (v. 12)

v. 12

“What I mean is this: One of you says, “I follow Paul”; another, “I follow Apollos”; another, “I follow Cephas”; still another, “I follow Christ.””

This caused a big division and disunity among them. Why? Actually, Paul, Apollos, and Peter (Cephas) had nothing to do with these divisions. They didn’t try to make their own fan clubs, but they focused on Christ in their messages. So, why was there division? It was a human, personal thing.

  • Paul founded the church there, and was the missionary to the Gentiles. Perhaps he attracted the Gentile believers.
  • Apollos was an eloquent and famous speaker who had once had a famous ministry at Corinth. At that time, oratory eloquence was highly valued. He likely attracted highly educated and philosophical believers.
  • Peter (Cephas) was a Jew of Jews, the main minister for the Jewish people. He was the leader of the first 12 apostles. He likely attracted the Jewish people, especially those who doubted Paul’s apostleship.
  • Christ – maybe we also decide to follow “Christ only” and not human leaders.

This disunity makes the church powerless and weak. Disunity, fighting with each other, these things make our enemy Satan happy. Satan is a spirit of disunity. In Genesis, Satan brought disunity between God and man, man and man, man and Creation. Even today he is bringing disunity into our churches, homes, workplaces, countries. So we must be in prayer all the time for these things.

The Holy Spirit, however, is a spirit of unity.

Eph “Make every effort to keep the unity in the bond of peace. There is one Lord, one baptism, one Spirit, one Father of all – who is above all and in all and through all.”

Eph 2:14 “Jesus has made the two one and broken the barrier of disunity.”

Gal 3:28 “There is no Greek nor Jew, no slave nor free, no male nor female, but all are equal in Christ.”

Even today Jesus is praying for our unity. “Make them one as we are one.”

v. 10

“I appeal to you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree with one another so that there may be no divisions among you and that you may be perfectly united in mind and thought.”

Paul does not command them by his authority, but approaches them in a kind, appealing manner. This means Jesus is the answer, the solution. Only Jesus brings unity.

Gal 3:28 “There is no slave nor free… We are all one in Jesus Christ.”

What does this mean? Unity does not mean uniformity. We are not all the same in our culture, background, interests, color, favorite foods, etc. We can enjoy variety – like the colors of a rainbow. It is beautiful because it has many different colors, but the colors are all united. If these colors are separated, there is no longer a rainbow.

We should be united. How? In what way should we be made one? At least there are Three areas in which we must be united.

God bless us with holy, spiritual unity.

#1 Identity

Our sense of belonging to one family.

Yes, this is our second time in 1 Cor. In the first time, we recognized that we are a church, we are saints, we are one in Christ. This is our identity – we are ONE family, united in Christ. We belong to one family.

In v. 10, 11, Paul addresses us as “brothers [and sisters].” It means, we all Christians are part of God’s family. We share unity that runs even deeper than blood brothers and sisters. The Kingdom of God is organized as a family system.

God, the Son, the Spirit are three separate entities, but organized as ONE family system.

  • God = Father
  • Jesus = Son
  • Holy Spirit = Helper

Romans “Those God foreknew he also predestined to become conformed to the likeness of Christ so that he might become the first brother…”

We are one in one family. This is our real, eternal identity.

#2 Faith doctrine

What do you believe in your heart?

If you are Christian, you have a faith doctrine. This is called “christology”. The doctrine of salvation is called “soltariology.”

v. 13

“Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Were you baptized into the name of Paul?”

Everyone knows the answers to these questions. Paul uses rhetorical questions to make what is known crystal clear. It is very simple. Even baby Christians know this. Who died for you? Paul? No. Apollos? No. Peter? No. Only Christ. Who can save us, who can give us real freedom, who can give us deliverance from hell, who can give us real peace and joy, who can give us eternal life? Absolutely, finally, Jesus.

We are one in this faith doctrine of Jesus Christ.

Yes, even I agree that Paul, Apollos, and Peter are greater men than me. I honor them, but they are the same in that they were humans, sinners, and need forgiveness, and salvation. For them, Jesus Christ died.

Acts 4:12 “Salvation is found in no one else. There is no other name given to men under heaven by which we must be saved.”

We are one in the doctrine of Christ.

#3 Priority Mission

This is practically important.

If we are Christians, we all have a mission. Check what you mission is.

A “mission” is a task given to you by God. It is not something you choose for yourself, but something given to you by God because we are servants of God. Check all the time what is your priority #1 mission.

Sometimes you feel tired, bored? Ask and check, what is your mission?

We are different in many areas – our tastes, favorite colors, height, weight, etc. We are individual people, but we must be ONE in our priority #1 mission. We can be different in our talents and gifts, but we are ONE in our priority #1 mission. What is it?

v. 10

“…perfectly united in mind and thought.” (in purpose – #1 mission)

What is it?

v. 14-17

“14 I am thankful that I did not baptize any of you except Crispus and Gaius, 15 so no one can say that you were baptized into my name. 16 (Yes, I also baptized the household of Stephanas; beyond that, I don’t remember if I baptized anyone else.) 17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel–not with words of human wisdom, lest the cross of Christ be emptied of its power.”

Do not misunderstand this story, but we should understand the background of this story.

Paul is not minimizing the importance of baptism. Yes, we are baptized in the name of Christ.

But what IS important in baptism is that we are baptized INTO one family.

But the Corinthian church misunderstood. Some said, “Paul baptized me.” Others, “No, Peter did me – he’s better.” Others, “Apollos did me – he’s the best.”

It does not matter by which pastor you were baptized. Billy Graham? Pastor Park? It does not matter. We were baptized by one faith into one family.

This also involves the Great Commission of Christ. Baptism is an outward expression of an inward reality – trusting in Christ as your personal Savior. So, by baptism, we publicly declare our faith in Christ to this world. So, baptism is a unifying factor in the church.

v. 17 (final answer – priority #1 mission)

“For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel–not with words of human wisdom, lest the cross of Christ be emptied of its power.”

“Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel…”

Paul is not minimizing the importance of baptism. Yes, it is important, but our primary mission is to preach the gospel.

No matter how important baptism is, preaching the gospel must be first. Baptism cannot substitute for preaching the gospel.

In our daily lives, remember, no matter how important a thing you do, not preaching the gospel cannot be justified by doing that very important thing.

In 1 Cor later, Paul says, “When preaching the gospel I cannot boast because I am compelled to do so. Woe to me if I do not preach…” He doesn’t say, “Woe to me if I don’t baptize.” Rather, “Woe to me if I don’t preach.”

We are one in:

  1. Identity
  2. Doctrine
  3. Mission

God bless us to be united in Christ.

God bless you.

Let’s pray.

  • Mar 29 / 2020
  • Comments Off on The conclusion of the Faith chapter (Hebrews 12:1-4)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

The conclusion of the Faith chapter (Hebrews 12:1-4)

2020.03.29 Full Online service

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The conclusion of Chapter 11: Faith

Hebrews 12:1-4 (Pastor Heo)

God Disciplines His Sons

12:1 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles, and let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us. 2 Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. 3 Consider him who endured such opposition from sinful men, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.

4 In your struggle against sin, you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding your blood.


We finished chp 11’s study last time: the chapter of Faith. Through this study, we have seen heroes of faith in the OT. These are just a few, so the author says, “What more shall I say? I don’t have enough time to tell more.”

This first part of chp 12 is the conclusion of chp 11.

“Because..” we have seen faith, the demonstration and power of faith, … these 4 verses are actually the conclusion of chp 11.

In this conclusion, we can see a strong word: “Let us”

  1. Let us throw off
  2. Let us run
  3. Let us fix our eyes

This is not a suggestion, but a strong, absolute encouragement.

1. Altogether, we must do it together.

We must edify, minister, serve together because we are linked together as one body of Christ, we are affected and affecting each other. So, in verse 1, we can see the summary of the Christian life. What is it in this world?

v. 1

“Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles, and let us run with perseverance [endurance, determination] the race marked out for us.”

We are like runners, athletes, marathon runners.

First, we have a purpose, a goal, a finishing line. We have a finishing line in our lives – a purpose, a goal, a final destination.

Yes, as Christians, we are travelers, foreigners, pilgrims, but we are not tourists. Our lives are leading somewhere. We must lead goal-driven, purpose-driven lives. What is the purpose of your lives? What is driving your life? What is the driving force?

We have purpose, a finishing line, but like runners, every athlete has his own running course and finishing line. But the running course / finishing line is just offered to them – they have no right to decide their own course or finishing line. This running course and finishing line was offered to them by the host of the race.

Like this we have a course and a finish line, but we have no right to choose our own course nor finish line – because we are not the hosts. Our maker, God, Creator, Father, is the host.

Romans 8:28 “God works for the good of those who love him who have been called according to his purpose.”

2. We have witnesses / inspiration

v. 1

“Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses,…”

This cloud of witnesses was introduced in the previous chapter, 11. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Joshua, Joseph. Also, my father and mother are acting as witnesses for me / to me.

They are witnesses in a double sense – they witnesses about their confession to Christ, and are now witnessing to us, but not as spectators.

Martyr comes from the Greek word translated for “witness.” They are not merely observing us, but they are witnessing to us, and God is witnessing to us. From this truth, we can know that this is a hard time, but whatever sufferings we are going through, there are many witnesses and people of faith before us who suffered much more than us, but endured to the end and won the race. They are cheering us on: “I did it! So can you! Endure to the end!”

We do not struggle alone – we are not the first people who are experiencing suffering and difficulties, and we have witnesses.

3. We have handicaps / weaknesses

We are surrounded by the greatness of the past, but are also surrounded by our handicaps / weaknesses / hindrances.

v. 1

“…let us throw off [remove] everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles,…”

We must know that yes, we are human, so we are surrounded by sin and temptation to sin as long as we stay in this world. But we must know that with sin, it is impossible to run and finish this race well.

What is sin that so easily entangles you or me? Disbelief, selfishness, dishonesty, greed, lust, envy, jealousy, self-indulgence? What is the sin holding us back from running this race? Whatever it is, it must be stripped off and left behind.

Jesus “If you eye / hand / foot causes you to sin, gouge it out because it is better for you to enter heaven with only one, than go to hell with both.”

This shows that we cannot finish this race without radical determination and fighting. We must fight continually – not only sin, but also hindrances – they must be removed.

What are hindrances? Maybe not sin, but if it hinders your running, it must be removed.

“…let us throw off every [weight]…”

For example: my necktie, nice? Yes, wearing a necktie and these clothes are not a sin, but if I participate in a running race, I must remove these things – I must change my clothes because these make me heavy, weighty, and slow, preventing me from running well in this race.

This about this sincerely. What is holding you back from this faith race? We must be very sincere and honest in this question.

4. We have means / method to endure

“…and let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us.”

– endurance, perseverance

We know in a marathon, endurance, perseverance, stamina, energy are essential. Like this, in the Christian race, endurance is very essential. But we must know that biblical endurance is not merely sitting down and receiving things, rather it means refusing to give up without the loss of hope. Biblical perseverance = nothing can stop us from going our course until we reach our final destination and touch the final finishing line.

How is this possible? How can we do it in this world?

Today’s sermon is : the conclusion of chp 11. So, what is the conclusion of this message?

The conclusion: Jesus Christ

The answer to all the questions: Jesus Christ

v. 2-4

“2 Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who *for the joy* set before him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. 3 Consider him who endured such opposition from sinful men, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.

4 In your struggle against sin, you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding your blood.” [the point of death]

Remember in chp 11, there is one sentence I repeated almost every time? “by faith…” we are saved, justified, being sanctified, will be glorified, can please God, can overcome this world.

This was purposeful – to make something clear. We can see what is clear in this sentence: “Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith.”

Yes, faith helps us to be positive in our thinking, and optimistic in our perspective, strong in our self / mind control. But we must be clear that positive thinking itself is not faith, an optimisitic attitude is not faith.

Faith = believing in Christ as Savior and Lord – accepting and confessing him, committing my whole life to him as Savior and Lord.

Jesus is the source, the ground, the foundation, the reason, object, goal, of our faith, the author and perfecter of our faith.

This means, he is the founder, originator, pioneer, finisher of our faith. So, I said in the first sentence, in the Christian life we have 4 things – and the answer is found only in Christ.

  1. Goal / Purpose (Christ is our goal – if he is your Savior and Lord) – our worship, service, ministry, everything we are doing must be Christ-centric because he is the measure of all things
  2. Witness / inspiration (Jesus is the inspiration of all inspirations) – we are surrounded by a great cloud of witnesses, but Jesus must be the whole sky – the center of our sight.
  3. Handicaps / temptations (the only way to find freedom, cleansing, sanctification from all these things is Jesus – 1 John “the blood of Christ purifies us from all sins”)
  4. Means / endurance / patience (through the study of chp 11, we have seen how much they endured in their lives, but Jesus endured far more than any hero of faith in chp 11)

Jesus endured the cross. It means = shame, suffering, opposition, contradiction, the most terrible / horrible / painful / shameful death.

v. 4

“In your struggle against sin, you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding your blood.”

None of us endured to the point of death – but he did. On the cross, he suffered for all the sins of all the people all over the world. Only Jesus is a perfect example for us to follow – a perfect example of patience and endurance.

1 Peter 2 “To this you were called, because Jesus suffered for you, leaving you an example for you to follow.”

He is an example and an enabler.

v. 3

“Consider him..” This is the greatest power – as long as we consider what he did and how he did it, there is nothing in this world we cannot endure. He is the greatest power in this world to overcome all things, temptations, challenges, hardships.

Why / how could he do that and for what?

v. 2

“Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who *for the joy* set before him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.”

This event happened 2000 years ago, but due to that joy, he is now rejoicing. We can know pain is short, but joy is long, eternal.

What joy was he expecting? He endured the cross expecting the joy set before him in advance. What was that joy? It enabled him to endure even the cross, even to the point of death.

We can see at least 3 kinds of joys he was expecting

  1. Joy of the reunion with his Father in heaven (his homecoming day)
  2. Joy of being crowned with honor and glory and making everything put under his feet (after resurrection “All authority in heaven and on earth have been given to me”)
  3. Joy of salvation of his believers (your salvation is Jesus’ joy – he endured for our salvation)

If Jesus did not endure the cross, then your and my salvation would be impossible. Due to his sacrifice on the cross, our salvation has become possible.

So, today, what is our joy?

Today Jesus invites us to share in his joy together. If we can see that joy set before us by faith in advance, then we can endure any situation and difficulty even joyfully.

God bless us that Jesus’ joy make be ours. Still his joy is available to us if we live by faith in Jesus Christ.

God bless you.

Let’s pray.

  • Mar 22 / 2020
  • Comments Off on By Faith let us stand firm to the end (Hebrews 11:35-40)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

By Faith let us stand firm to the end (Hebrews 11:35-40)

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By faith let us stand firm to the end

Hebrews 11:35-40 (Pastor Heo)

35 Women received back their dead, raised to life again. Others were tortured and refused to be released, so that they might gain a better resurrection. 36 Some faced jeers and flogging, while still others were chained and put in prison. 37 They were stoned; they were sawed in two; they were put to death by the sword. They went about in sheepskins and goatskins, destitute, persecuted and mistreated– 38 the world was not worthy of them. They wandered in deserts and mountains, and in caves and holes in the ground.

39 These were all commended for their faith, yet none of them received what had been promised. 40 God had planned something better for us so that only together with us would they be made perfect.


Let us trust God fully and wholly in this time. God bless his church in this time.

This is the last part of this great chapter on faith, but we will see the conclusion of this chapter next time in the first part of chp 12. Let’s open our Bibles and read together.


Faith, what is faith? Being sure of what we hope for – assurance, conviction, confidence in the unseen. By faith we are saved, justified, being sanctified, and one day we will be glorified. By faith we please God, give glory to God, overcome the world. Today, according to the text, let me share some characteristics of real faith.

Faith has the power of balance.

Faith is unconditional.

Relative faith is not faith. Conditional faith is not faith. What does it mean, “Faith has the power of balance”?

Last time: By faith, they experienced wonderful victory in war, marvelous deliverance and escape from lions and fury of fire, experienced the rising of the dead. This is the power of great faith.

Today, the story looks the opposite.

By the same faith, some experienced empowerment to persevere, endure in suffering to the end even to the point of death – without losing their hope of the better and eternal resurrection.

Faith provides empowerment.

To persevere and endure in suffering.

Something true can be proved as true. This can be proven as true only by enduring to the end.

If we have “true” faith in Christ, how can we prove it? We can reveal it as true only by remaining faithful to Christ to the end.

Jesus “he who stands firm to the end will be saved.”

Something that is revealed, exposed as not true in the end was not true from the beginning.

So, steadfast faith in Christ does not guarantee a problemless life in this world. Actually true faith almost always guarantees some form of abuse in this world.

v. 36-37

“36 Some faced jeers and flogging, while still others were chained and put in prison. 37 They were stoned; they were sawed in two; they were put to death by the sword. They went about in sheepskins and goatskins, destitute, persecuted and mistreated–“

From the world’s view, they are miserable losers – terrible losers. From the temporary and material, they lost everything. But in God’s view, they are great winners and great victors. From the eternal values, they gained everything.

What is faith? The power to see something from God’s view, not from the world’s view – from an eternal value, not a temporary value.

Sometimes to endure and persevere takes more faith than to escape. If God is glorified by delivering his people, yes, he will do that – deliver them from suffering, from difficulties, from any hardships. God is almighty God.

But if it is better to suffer and persevere for some time even to the end (from his eternal perspective) then God will allow us to suffer. But he will provide us with power to endure and persevere.

So, do not conclude that the absence of immediate deliverance is a lack of love for his children.

Faith looks to the future – to eternity

For that is where the greatest rewards are found. Faith empowers us to turn from the approval of this world and seek the approval of God.

Some baby Christians may think that pain and suffering are an exception in the Christian life. So when this happens, they may ask, “Why me?” and they may feel that God deserted them – and is not as dependable as they thought.

But mature Christians ask, “Why NOT me?” If we expect pain or suffering, we will not be surprised when suffering comes.

John 16:33 “In this world, you will have troubles, but take heart: I have overcome the world.”

We can overcome the world, any kinds of suffering, pain, difficulty, hardship, by faith in Christ.

v. 38

“38 the world was not worthy of them. They wandered in deserts and mountains, and in caves and holes in the ground.”

The world was not worthy of them…

This sentence is very short, but VERY powerful.

It means this world was not worthy of those who live by faith. The evaluation of this world and that of God are totally different.

Paul: a good illustration of this.

  • The world evaluated Paul: “You are out of your mind! You are insane! Not fit to live!”
  • God said, “You are my chosen vessel, my chosen instrument – for my purpose.”

This is very different. If you live by faith in Christ, God will be very proud to be called your father. If you live by faith in Christ, this world does not deserve to contain you as its own possession.

Example:

A container + a thing

If the container is so dirty, but the thing is so pure and clean and precious, then this container is not worthy of this thing.

Like this, the world is sinful and selfish and only material, temporary.

If we are really people of faith, it means we are fighting the good fight against sin and selfishness.

Yes, we are a body, but also spirit and made to live eternally with God in heaven. Thus, this world does not deserve to contain us as its own possession.

1 John 2:17 “This world and its desires and passions pass away, but the man who does the will of God [lives by faith] lives forever.”

Even though we live in this world, remember, the world is not worthy of us because we are living by faith in Christ.

v. 39-40

“39 These were all commended for their faith, yet none of them received what had been promised. 40 God had planned something better for us so that only together with us would they be made perfect.”

For several times we have studied this great chapter of faith. Do you remember the opening verse?

v 39 and v 2 are similar:

  • v 39 “These were all commended for their faith, “
  • v 2 “This is what the ancients were commended for.”

Those who persevered in suffering were commended for their faith. It means that God never forgets those who love him and serve him.

v 39 “yet none of them received what had been promised.”

This means: God had planned something better for you and me.

Hebrews is the book of better:

  • Better hope,
  • better sacrifice,
  • and so on.

God has planned “something better” – what is it? A new and better covenant, fulfilled in Jesus Christ.

The faithful of OT times died before the Messiah appeared, so they entered heaven by faith – with the Promise unfulfilled. Only IN Jesus Christ (the new covenant), their salvation, our salvation, and the salvation of future believers – will be made perfect and complete.

One day, all the OT believers, NT believers, and future believers will share the promised blessing in Jesus Christ.

Faith is personal, individual, and private.

We know that faith is personal, individual, and private. I’m saved by MY faith – not my parents’. This means it is personal, individual and private. At the same time, faith involves the entire community of all believers. So how can we get connected? To the local church, through a small group, sharing with each other. To the Christian overseas, through the support of missions.

Also, all believers in Christ are connected vertically and horizontally – with one Savior, one Father, one hope.

Faith is also social.

Our salvation / faith is personal, but also social. It concerns the whole children and family of God.

As I mentioned, all believers are called a “family of God” with one hope, one Savior, one Father.

God is in control of everything. He is so faithful in keeping his word and fulfilling his promise. The Bible encourages us: “Do not be afraid, do not fear, do not let your hearts be troubled.” Jesus’ saying looks likes opposites.

  • He says, “In this world you will have trouble.”
  • and also, “Do not let your hearts be troubled.”

If we have faith, we can live without fear.

Q: Is Jesus really your Lord and Savior? If that is true, that is enough. Jesus encourages us and promises “I am the Resurrection and the Life, he who believes in me shall never die.” Do you believe this?

Jesus challenges us in this.

Promise: “No temptation has seized you except what is common to man, and God is faithful. He will not let you be tempted [to suffer] beyond what you can bear. But when you are tempted, God will provide a way out so that you can stand up under it.” 1 Cor 10:13 – Jesus himself suffered for us, and is now sitting in heaven and interceding for us.

Hebrews “Because he suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.”

Romans 8:38 “In all things, [including what is happening all around us today], God works for the good of those who love him and are called according to his purpose.” Amen

Let us stand firm to the end by faith. Let us love God and Christ more and more with our hearts, minds, souls, and strength because he is working for our good, for our benefit from an eternal perspective.

Let’s pray.

  • Mar 15 / 2020
  • Comments Off on By faith we can experience Victory! (Hebrews 11:32-34)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

By faith we can experience Victory! (Hebrews 11:32-34)

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Hallelujah!

God is looking for true worshipers to worship in spirit and truth. If you are worshiping God in truth and spirit, God is with you there. But I miss you. I long to see you again in this room together. So let us continue to worship and pray believing his wonderful promise. In all things, God is working together to bless those who love him and are called according to his purpose.

Hebrews 11:32-34

32 And what more shall I say? I do not have time to tell about Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel and the prophets, 33 who through faith conquered kingdoms, administered justice, and gained what was promised; who shut the mouths of lions, 34 quenched the fury of the flames, and escaped the edge of the sword; whose weakness was turned to strength; and who became powerful in battle and routed foreign armies.

And what more shall I say? ….

Gideon, Barack, Samson, David, Samuel, the prophets…


We are still in the great chapter of faith. We know and agree totally by faith we are saved, we are justified, sanctified, we can overcome any problem in this world, please God, we can see the glory of God, the presence of God, the unseen. By faith we can experience victory.

“By faith, we can experience victory!”

I bless you to experience wonderful victory in life by faith through Jesus Christ.

The OT records the lives of many people who experienced wonderful victory by faith. As we know, faith is a dynamic certainty. A visual certainty, and future certainty. The role call of the heroes of faith continues here.

v. 32

And what more shall I say? I do not have time to tell about Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel and the prophets,

Only a few are mentioned here, but none of them are perfect in their character. Many of their sins are recorded in the OT but these people were among those who believed in God. These people lived by faith in their whole lives. It means faith can operate in the lives of any person who surrenders to the will of God.

David, Samuel, the prophets and so on. Faith can operate in the lives of anyone who surrenders their whole lives to God. Let us see each of them one by one.

Gideon

One of the judges in the OT in Judges. Gideon was a timid farmer at first, but God had a great vision for him to become a great and mighty warrior. One day the Lord appeared to him and said, “The Lord is with you, mighty warrior!” Though he was a timid farmer, the Lord called him a “mighty warrior.”

As we know, he conquered the Midianite army with a group of only 300 men armed with trumpets and torches, no swords. This is the victory by faith.

Barak

At first he refused to go forward, but at the prompting of Deborah, he assembled 10,000 men and faced the army before them and won a tremendous victory by faith in God.

Samson

We know this story well. In his story, he was always fighting alone. He was also a judge in the book of Judges. He was a Nazarite – devoted to God from birth. He never cut his hair, never drank alcohol, etc. But usually we don’t think of Samson as a man of faith – a godly man – because of his love life with an ungodly woman. But finally, Samson trusted God wholly and was willing to give his life to serve God and destroy his enemies.

David

We know his story – he had once been just a shepherd boy. But to his own and everyone else’s astonishment, he was anointed king over all his brothers. He defeated all his enemies and brought peace to Israel.

One day, in his battle against Goliath, he showed great faith by shouting against his enemy. He was just a teenager at that time. “You came against me with sword, javelin, and spear, but I come against you in the name of the Lord, whom you have defied today. Today, the Lord will hand you over to my hand so that all Israel will know that you are the Lord God.”

Samuel

Samuel was the last judge and a prophet. He was the founder of the kings of Israel – he anointed both Saul and David.

Samuel had lived a life of faith since he was a boy. By faith, he delivered the word of God to anyone at any time by faith, boldly – even to the sinning King Saul. “Does the Lord delight in the sacrifices and burnt offerings as much as to obey the voice of the Lord. To obey is better than sacrifice. To heed the voice of God is better than the fat of lambs.” This faithful proclamation became a mark of true prophets.

The Prophets

They were faithful and isolated witnesses to God. They demonstrated that faith will accomplish much and has the power to overcome enemies and gain victory.

Who is our enemy today? Satan, sin, unspiritual world.

There is a demonstration of what happened by faith in their practical lives.

v. 32-34 – this is the example of demonstration by faith

32 And what more shall I say? I do not have time to tell about Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel and the prophets, 33 who through faith conquered kingdoms, administered justice, and gained what was promised; who shut the mouths of lions, 34 quenched the fury of the flames, and escaped the edge of the sword; whose weakness was turned to strength; and who became powerful in battle and routed foreign armies.

In this passage, we see 8 examples:

  1. conquered kingdoms (OT history) – Joshua, Judges, King David conquered kingdoms and enemies
  2. administered justice – Judges, Nehemiah, other national leaders administered justice and righteousness to the people
  3. gained what was promised – some people in the OT did see the fulfillment of God’s promise (Possession of the Promised Land)
  4. shut the mouth of lions (Daniel) – saved from the mouths of lions but not only him – it could also refer to David and Samson
  5. quenched the fury of the flames (Daniel) – Shadrach, Mishach, Abednego – saved and delivered from the fire, from the burning furnace “Even though we are thrown into the fire, we believe our God is able to save us; yet even if he doesn’t we will continue to serve our God” (this is absolute faith in God)
  6. escaped the edge of the sword – David, Elijah, Elisha
  7. whose weakness was turned to strength – King Hezekiah – experienced tremendous recovery and wonderful healing and strength after his sickness
  8. became powerful in battle and routed foreign armies

Joshua experienced this wonderful victory and power against their enemies.

We believe God is alive. Do you believe this? God is still the same in his power.

Heb 13:8 “Our Lord Jesus is the same yesterday (OT), today, and forever.”

From this story, we get three lessons to apply and enjoy:

1. Victories against enemies

We also can experience this by faith in Christ

We may have a similar experience to those of OT saints, but more likely those victories will be more related to the role God wants us to play. These may not include such dramatic events as these, but surely includes the moment our faith is tested. At that moment, we must be able to give our testimony publicly, honestly, and encourage the faith of others.

We agree that even though our bodies deteriorate, and will die some day, but we will live forever in eternity in Jesus Christ, simply because we believe in him.

Our physical death will be defeated and conquered. His victory will be made perfect and complete.

Romans 8:33-39 “In all these things… (including what is happening today)… we are more than conquerors through him who loved us…neither death nor life… will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in us in Jesus Christ our Lord.”

There is no longer any condemnation through Christ.

1. Victory through faith

2. God can deliver the faithful man

Who is the faithful One? If you are the faithful One today, then God can deliver you and me ANYTIME he wants.

  1. Noah, for example, were saved from a flood that drowned all the rest of the human race at that time.
  2. Moses and the people walked through the Red Sea as on dry land.
  3. Joshua crossed the flooded Jordan river.
  4. Rahab survived the fallen walls of Jericho.
  5. Gideon prevailed 1000:1 against an army.

Like this, God also can deliver us TODAY, victoriously, triumphantly – and he can save us at any time from difficulties, persecutions, coronavirus, oppression of the culture today – God is doing this job again and again.

Salvation is God’s job. But we must remember: All the time, it is only by faith in Jesus Christ.

3. If you have faith in Christ, God has a wonderful plan for your life

God has a mission / task for your life. It is impossible to live by faith without mission. It is impossible to live by faith without a God-given task. We can do nothing apart from Christ, but at the same time, IN Jesus Christ, by faith in him, we CAN do. We can do great things that are only possible by faith.

So if we are to do great things, we must accept these things by faith willingly, confidently, because he was delivered over to death for our sins, and raised again to life for our sanctification and glorification.

By faith, we can experience victory!

1 John 5:4 “Everyone born of God overcomes the world. This is the victory that has overcome the world – even our faith in Jesus Christ.”

God bless all of us for his glory, for his kingdom, for our victory in this world, by faith in Jesus Christ.

Let’s pray.

  • Mar 08 / 2020
  • Comments Off on God Wants to Save Someone through You (Hebrews 11:31, Joshua 2:1, 6:25)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

God Wants to Save Someone through You (Hebrews 11:31, Joshua 2:1, 6:25)

Full 2020.03.08 Worship Service online

Download Notes in a .MD file

God wants to save someone through you

Hebrews 11:31; Joshua 2:1, 6:25 (Pastor Heo)

Hebrews 11:31 By faith the prostitute Rahab, because she welcomed the spies, was not killed with those who were disobedient.

Joshua 2:1 Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. “Go, look over the land,” he said, “especially Jericho.” So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there.

Joshua 6:25 But Joshua spared Rahab the prostitute, with her family and all who belonged to her, because she hid the men Joshua had sent as spies to Jericho-and she lives among the Israelites to this day.


We have faith in Jesus – the power to see the unseen. God is spirit – this means he is a person, alive, eternal, but not material. God is anywhere, everywhere at the same time.

If you can see God by faith, where you are, then God is there because he is the most holy God. God bless us all with his peace and joy.


Last Sunday we saw the demonstration of faith by Joshua and his people. They entered Jericho and circled it 13 times. The last time, they shouted the shout of faith – crying the cry of faith to God. With the shouting and trumpet blast, the wall of Jericho collapsed totally by the power of God.

In this complete destruction, there was one person, saved from this destruction – Rahab (and her family).

Her background is in Joshua 2.

We know Exodus – in the early stages:

  1. Moses sent 12 spies into the Promised Land.
  2. Then 40 years passed and they entered the entrance of the Promised Land, Canaan.
  3. They needed to spy it out again because the whole older generation was gone and Moses was no longer with them.
  4. So the new leader, Joshua – one of the original 12 spies, sent out 2 new spies to investigate the fortifications of Jericho.
  5. Only 2 men went Jericho and entered a hotel – the house of Rahab. The king there heard this and sent soldiers to arrest the spies.

Rahab hid the spies on her roof and later said to them, “I know God has given this land to you – the whole land is in fear because of you. Your God is the real God of heaven and earth.” This means Rahab saw the unseen.

Rahab asked them, “Swear to me to show me and my family kindness because I have shown you kindness.” They said, “OK, put a scarlet cord on the window of your house. When we destroy the city, we will spare you and your family when we see the scarlet cord. But remember, if anyone goes outside your house, we will not be responsible for their destruction. But anyone inside your house, we will be responsible for their deliverance.”

Joshua 2:1 Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. “Go, look over the land,” he said, “especially Jericho.” So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there.

Joshua 6:25 But Joshua spared Rahab the prostitute, with her family and all who belonged to her, because she hid the men Joshua had sent as spies to Jericho-and she lives among the Israelites to this day.

This means, Rahab saw the unseen – she demonstrated her faith in God by welcoming the spies. She trusted herself and her family to God when Jericho was destroyed completely. We don’t know how many nor who exactly were inside the house of Rahab, but what is sure is that everybody who was inside the house of Rahab was spared from total destruction – due to the scarlet cord hanging over her window.

Scarlet = blood color

This scarlet cord reminds us of the blood of the Passover Lamb which had happened 40 years earlier when they left Egypt. Also, that night, anyone inside the house with the blood of the Passover Lamb was saved from the destruction of the first born.

This means, what happened with Rahab compares with the Passover Lamb. This is a symbol of the blood of Jesus Christ – shed on the cross for us – who takes away the sin of the world.

1 Cor 5:7 “Jesus Christ is our Passover Lamb who has been sacrificed for our sin, justification, salvation.”

This means, through the story and action of Rahab, we can know that true faith must always show itself in good works.

Remember the book of James – this book makes it clear that true faith produces works. It uses 2 people as examples of true faith: Abraham and Rahab. This is amazing.

This means that Abraham and Rahab are presented as parallels in the same level of faith.

“Abraham was justified by works when he offered up his son on the altar. Like this, Rahab was justified by faith when she received the spies and sent them away safely.”

The point: Abraham’s faith was costly – Rahab’s faith was costly. True faith shows up in action – even when it costs.

Simple question: Is our faith real? Can it be seen in our action? Are we willing to let it cost us something? We can, we will if our faith is real.

Also true faith helps us to turn around and do what is right regardless of our past or what others may think.

Yes, we are now studying the great chapter of faith. Until now, we have seen individual persons “by faith…” Abel, Enoch, Noah, Abram, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Joshua, Rahab…

Among all of them, Rahab is the ONLY woman: a Gentile, pagan, prostitute. She is the LAST listed “by faith.”

This means that God’s works are not limited by people’s limitations. He can do GREAT things through people who are not great. He is doing extraordinary things through ordinary people. He uses all kinds of people to accomplish his job, his purpose, his design. He wants to use you and me because God is great.

Through this story of Rahab, remember: nobody can give an excuse for not believing in Jesus Christ.

Yes, in this story we can know who was Rahab, so we must know the sentence, “I don’t know very much about the Bible can NOT be an excuse for not knowing Christ. She knew very little spiritual truth, but she acted on what she knew.”

Romans “From the beginning of the world, God’s divine powers and eternal attributes can be seen, so that no one can boast.”

In my experience, I’ve met so many people who said, “I’m too bad to be saved.” But no one is too bad. This woman was a prostitute, but delivered by her faith through God.

1 Tim “Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance. Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinner, of whom I’m the worst.”

“The son of God did not come into the world for the healthy, but for the sick.”

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world that he saved his one and only Son that whoever believes in him shall not perish.”

There is no one in this world who cannot be saved. God wants everyone to come to him and be saved.

Also, we can get a great lesson from this story to enjoy and apply in our lives.

Rahab received not only salvation from this destruction, but also glorification.

You know, Joshua 6:25 “…She lives [present tense] among the Israelites to this day.” What does this mean? In the church history, Rahab became an ancestor of Jesus Christ. She married an Israelite named Salmon – the father of Boaz, father of Obed, father of Jesse, father of David. This means, she is the great great grandmother of King David.

In Matthew 1, we can also see her name in the genealogy of Jesus.

Imagine, a prostitute becoming an ancestor of Jesus Christ, the savior of the world. That’s what faith can do.

In our story, sin, just like Rahab’s story – if we have faith, it will be rewarded in glory.

Romans 8:18 “Our present sufferings are not worth comparing to the glory that awaits.”

Romans 8:30 “And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.”

Cols 3 “When Jesus Christ appears, you also will appear will him in Jesus Christ….”

God is working his purposes through his people, but he does not expect perfection from us because he knows how weak we are. He gives grace, mercy, wisdom, compassion, even faith. But he does expect us to take action because of our faith. He expects us to hang a scarlet cord over our windows in faith. Still today, he wants to save our families.

Acts “Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ and you and your household will be saved.” Still today, God wants to save our family, our household, our neighbors, our friends, through us.

God bless us as a heavenly channel of salvation, justification, and glorification.

Let’s pray.

  • Mar 01 / 2020
  • Comments Off on By Faith, Today’s Jerichos will fall down (Hebrews 11:30, Joshua 6:1, 20)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

By Faith, Today’s Jerichos will fall down (Hebrews 11:30, Joshua 6:1, 20)

March 1, 2020 Full online service

Download Notes in a .MD file

Let us shout: “Hallelujah!”

Hebrews 11

30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell, after the people had marched around them for seven days.

Joshua 6

1 Now Jericho was tightly shut up because of the Israelites. No one went out and no one came in.

20 When the trumpets sounded, the people shouted, and at the sound of the trumpet, when the people gave a loud shout, the wall collapsed; so every man charged straight in, and they took the city. 


“Faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see.”

Christianity = hope for a better future. The best is yet to come because we are made to live eternally. By faith we see God who is in control of everything – working for the good of those who love him and have been called according to his purpose.

Last Sunday, Moses’ faith.
Today, Joshua’s faith (Moses successor).

The people of Israel came out of Egypt for the Promised Land, and Moses led them in the wilderness for 40 years up to the entrance of the Promised Land. At that moment, Moses was succeeded by Joshua. And at last, the people entered the Promised Land under the leadership of Joshua. But the Promised Land was not a furnished apartment, nor an empty land. Even though they received it, they had to fight to take and occupy it.

How about in our story? We are saved: salvation guarantees eternal, exciting, heavenly life, but salvation does not mean “easy life” nor a jobless life. Rather, we are entrusted with a task, a great mission to fight for and fulfill in this world.

In this world, the first enemy they fought against was Jericho city – a fortified stronghold. At that time, most of the Israelites had never even seen a fortified city. So, to take that fortified city, it seemed impossible. It was impossible to conquer. But Joshua 6:1 says, “Now Jericho was tightly shut up because of the Israelites. No one went out and no one came in.”

At this moment, God said to Joshua, “I have given this city into your hands” – and he gave clear, explicit instructions to follow. Just, they had to MARCH. Today is the first day of March.

They had to circle the walls of the city once per day for 6 days, and on the 7th day, to circle it 7 times.

The order:

  • Line 1: Soldiers
  • Line 2: 7 priests with trumpets
  • Line 3: Priests carrying the ark of the Covenant
  • Line 4: Representatives of each tribe
  • Last line: Rear guard of soldiers
  • Middle: Ark of the Covenant
  • The 7 priests blew trumpets occasionally.

Very important: They had to keep silent. They had to remain absolutely silent during the march and circling. But on the 7th day, they had to march 7 circles – 6 of which were to be silent. During the final, 7th circle, all priests blared the trumpets and Joshua commanded the people to SHOUT!! “God has given this city into our hands!” They all shouted together.

At that moment, the walls of Jericho collapsed completely and the people charged straight in and took that city.

This is today’s story.

Also still, God is alive and working for the good of those that love him.

From this story, what messages can we get to get REAL victory for his glory and kingdom? Let me share 3 lessons in our daily lives for victory like this story.

1. SILENCE

During their circling, they had to keep absolute silence. They took 13 circles in all (you can calculate it). Once a day for 6 days and after that on the 7th day, 7 circles. 6 + 7 = 13 circles. Then, during 12 circles, they had to keep perfect silence.

Imagine this situation. To keep silent in this situation was VERY difficult. During their circling, there was no change. No reaction, no stone falling, no cracks in the wall. Nothing happened in their visual situation. Imagine, why were they not allowed to speak to each other. If they spoke during the march, probably they would speak only negative words. “Nothing is happening. What are we doing? I don’t know, Joshua said to… This is absurd, ridiculous. Maybe we need a new leader…”

Negative words have a VERY strong power to make other people negative. Negative words are very contagious – like corona virus today.

This time not to speak to people was the time to meditate on the promise of God and the word of God. It was the time to speak to God deeply, earnestly, silently. It was the time to think MORE of what God can do with his power than what I can do with my power.

The secret to a victorious Christian life?
To face God more than facing man.

2. Consider the influence of ONE person’s faith

Do you have faith? Yes, we have faith. The taking of Jericho is the result of an act of faith – of Joshua and also the people.

Heb 11:30 “By faith the walls of Jericho fell, after the people had marched around them for seven days.”

Joshua’s dynamic sureness enabled him to lead the people to victory. One person’s faith can make all the difference for God’s people.

Joshua’s faith communicated and elevated the whole nation’s faith. Likewise today, if you live by faith, you can energize others. You can mobilize others by faith in Christ. Because God is in control of everything. God used Abram, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Joshua.

  • God promised “I am with you” to Moses
  • to Joshua, “Like I was with Moses, I will never leave you nor forsake you.”
  • and Jesus today says, “Surely I am with you always to the very end of the age.”

We can mobilize and energize through our faith for the whole church to be energized in their faith.

3. SHOUT!

“Hallelujah~!”

Yes, in this story, they were silent when they needed to be silent, but they shouted when they had to shout. This was the shouting of faith – the outward expression of people’s inward assurance and confidence in God. Conquering faith declares itself. Do you have faith?

But understand that the faith that does not shout when it must shout is not faith. Romans 10:10 “If you confess [shout] with your mouth that Jesus Christ is Lord, you will be saved.”

“If you acknowledge me before men, I will also acknowledge you before my Father in heaven. If you deny me before men, I will deny you before my Father in heaven.”

  • True faith obeys even when it seems strange or unusual.
  • True faith focuses on Jesus.
  • True faith sees the unseen. It sees that “he is with me – and working all things together for the good of those who love him and are called according to his purpose.”
  • True faith allows us to achieve victory in the Lord.

Even today, God will make impossible looking Jerichos fall down by faith.

What are your Jerichos today? If we live by faith, God will make all Jerichos fall down.

Last sentence: I want to encourage all of us strongly:

“Let us take much silent time faithfully before God, and let us shout boldly before this world.”

If God is for us, who can be against us?

God bless us for his glory, for our good.

God is good all the time. All the time, God is good.

Let’s pray.

  • Feb 23 / 2020
  • Comments Off on The Demonstration of Faith through Moses (Hebrews 11:23-29, Exodus 2:1-2)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

The Demonstration of Faith through Moses (Hebrews 11:23-29, Exodus 2:1-2)

Download Notes in a .MD file

The Demo of Faith thru Moses

Hebrews 11:23-29, Exodus 2:1-2 (Pastor Heo)

Hebrews 11:23 By faith Moses’ parents hid him for three months after he was born, because they saw he was no ordinary child, and they were not afraid of the king’s edict.

24 By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be known as the son of Pharaoh’s daughter. 25 He chose to be mistreated along with the people of God rather than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a short time. 26 He regarded disgrace for the sake of Christ as of greater value than the treasures of Egypt, because he was looking ahead to his reward. 27 By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the king’s anger; he persevered because he saw him who is invisible. 28 By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn would not touch the firstborn of Israel.

29 By faith the people passed through the Red Sea as on dry land; but when the Egyptians tried to do so, they were drowned.

Exodus 2:1 Now a man of the house of Levi married a Levite woman, 2 and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him for three months.


Faith is conviction, assurance of what is unseen. By faith in Christ, we can have hope in this kind of situation. We can have hope in glory, heaven, eternal life. Also, by faith, we can live a heavenly life on this earth.

Last Sunday, we saw the demonstration of faith by Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph.

We know Genesis finishes with the story of Joseph. And the story of Moses begins in Exodus. In the time of Joseph, there was still great famine in Canaan, and he invited his whole family from Canaan to Egypt – where he was Prime Minister. So, all Jacob’s children and grandchildren (70 in all) settled in Egypt. But Joseph knew that a day would come when they would leave Egypt. They knew their settlement was not permanent, but temporary. “One day, God will come and take you out of this land to the Promised Land. At that time, take my bones with you.” From the death of Joseph to the beginning of Exodus was 400 years.

They ended Genesis with 70 people, and became 1-2 million by the start of Exodus (400 years later).

A new king, who did not know Joseph became king and became afraid of the people becoming bigger and bigger. So he ordered that the boy babies be killed. In this terrible, dangerous time, Moses was born.

Now in Hebrews, we saw “by faith” x5.

1. Moses’ parents’ faith (and his preservation)

v. 23 “By faith Moses’ parents hid him for three months after he was born, because they saw he was no ordinary child, and they were not afraid of the king’s edict.”

  • Moses’ father: Amram
  • Moses’ mother: Jocebeth?

They disobeyed the king by faith. They knew that God had a special plan and purpose for Moses. So “by faith” they hid him for 3 months. But after 3 months, they could no longer hide him because of his crying. They had nothing to do for their child. But we must remember that it was at the very moment that they had something great to do for their loving child – to entrust him to the hand of God – by faith, with prayer. In this terrible, dangerous situation, they made a box of papyrus and tar and pitch, and they put it outside among the reeds along the Nile river.

It is not difficult to imagine what they did after they put that box outside. They knew that God had a special plan upon that child. Is it possible, after putting that box outside to say, “Goodbye, good luck”? No. We can be easily sure what they did after putting that baby box outside. They cried out continually to God, “LORD! Help us!”

If you were in the place of Moses’ mother and father, you would continually cry out also for God’s providence upon that box.

We know that Christian parents can suddenly create an atmosphere of faith at home. This should be the first school of faith – at home.

“They knew he was no ordinary child.” (In a sense, every child is like this to their parents – maybe even geniuses to their parents.) If you are Christian parents, remember, the BEST thing you can do for your son or daughter is to entrust them into the hand of God with constant prayer support. God bless Christian parents.

2. Moses’ identity

v. 24-26 “By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be known as the son of Pharaoh’s daughter. 25 He chose to be mistreated along with the people of God rather than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a short time. 26 He regarded disgrace for the sake of Christ as of greater value than the treasures of Egypt, because he was looking ahead to his reward.”

Yes, after putting that basket outside, his parents prayed continuously. His sister Miriam stood at a distance to see what would happen to that box.

At that moment, Pharaoh’s daughter came to the Nile river to swim? She saw it and her slave girl opened it. She saw a beautiful baby crying. (We also should cry out before God to receive his mercy – Jer 30:33 “Cry out to me and I will show you unmeasurable things”). Seeing that crying baby the princess had compassion. Immediately, Miriam approached her and said, “May I get a Hebrew woman to nurse this baby for you?” “Yes, OK.” Immediately, she brought the baby’s real mother. Pharaoh’s daughter said, “Please nurse this baby for me and I’ll pay you.”

Imagine this situation. God did something so amazing and so exciting! Sometimes we need to understand that God is doing SO MUCH MORE than we understand and imagine and expect.

This baby was saved from death, adopted by the princess, given the best education and food, raised by his real mother’s milk and love.

In this situation, our lesson is: If Moses wanted, he could identify himself with the Egyptians – as the royal family, an heir of Pharaoh. He could have chosen the easiest, most comfortable life. He could have chosen the pleasures of sin. But in this situation, Moses rejected – refused all of them. Why? How? “By faith…” This is the real power of faith. He chose to be mistreated by the people of God – he chose to suffer “for the sake of Christ.” But wait – Moses lived 1500 years before Jesus was even born. Yet v 26 “He regarded disgrace for the sake of Christ…”

Even Christ himself says, “Moses wrote about me, Moses testified about me.” (John’s gospel)

This means that God’s history of salvation and redemption continued through until the birth of Christ. And Christ gave up all his glory for our sake, our salvation, our redemption.

We must know: Are you Christian? If you believe in Christ as Savior and Lord, then you have no choice but to live for Christ.

“Believing in Christ as real Savior and Lord and NOT living for him is impossible.”

  • “Believe” = “Be” and “live”
    • “Be” for Christ
    • “Live” for Christ

So, we must choose careers and life paths that please God.

Therefore, our identity as Christians is so important.

3. Moses’ separation

v 27 “By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the king’s anger; he persevered because he saw him who is invisible.”

The background – found in Exodus 2. One day, when he was grown, he went out to see how the fellow Hebrews were. He saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, so he killed him. The king heard of that and tried to kill Moses – so Moses fled to Midian. In this same situation, there is a little difference in the Exodus and the Hebrews explanation.

  • Exodus: “Moses feared, so he fled.”
  • Hebrews: “Moses left ‘by faith’.”

This is a different perspective – they seem contradictory – but there is no real contradiction.

  • Exodus = viewing the outward situation
  • Hebrews = seeing more deeply into this story

Yes, Moses did not choose this situation by himself at first. But, when he was confronted by this situation to leave, he didn’t accepted it willingly, with courage. Moses knew that then was not the time for him to take action for his people. He knew he had to wait for God to say, “NOW is the time to go to Pharaoh and take action for my people.”

Sometimes, when our fighting instincts say, “Go on and fight!” But it takes a big and brave man to WAIT. It is human to fear to miss the chance. But it is great to wait for the timing of God. So, by faith, we can see God in all situations.

Today, our situation is good or bad? Bad, they say. But even in this situation, we must see God who is unseen, and we must understand that he is in control of everything. This is the real power of faith.

4. Moses’ salvation

v 28 “By faith by kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn would not touch the firstborn of Israel.”

Background: Exodus 12

We know the Passover, the biggest feast in Hebrew history. Spiritually and symbolically, this is also the most significant. It was the 10th and final judgment on Egypt.

Unleavened bread had to be made, and a Passover lamb killed, and every door post smeared with the blood of the lamb. Then, the angel of death would see this blood and “pass over” those houses.

Not only this Passover lamb, but also on that night, as they were leaving Egypt, Moses wrote down that they must keep the Passover forever. In other words, he never doubted that they would leave Egypt and reach and conquer the Promised Land – at some point.

Imagine: Here is a population of 1-2 million slaves – untrained, unorganized, about to start on a dangerous journey through a wilderness, into an unknown land. At the same time, here is a massive, trained, armed force pursuing them.

Yet, Moses never doubted that God would bring them safely through to the Promised Land. This is the power of faith. Are you living by faith.

1 Cor 5:7 “Jesus Christ is our Passover Lamb who has been crucified for our sins.” Thus, John the Baptist, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world.”

Even though we are very weak and do not know what will happen to us tomorrow, our situation, corona virus, whatever, nevertheless, our situation is VERY certain in the hands of our Savior, Jesus Christ. This is the real power of faith.

5. Moses’ Deliverance

v. 29 “By faith the people passed through the Red Sea as on dry land; but when the Egyptians tried to do so, they were drowned.”

Exodus: They were confronted with their first barrier. Yes, we know that our salvation is very safe, but nevertheless, there are many barriers we may face. This is the first: The Red Sea – they needed a way to continue but there was no way – because the soldiers of Egypt were pursuing them very rapidly behind.

In this situation (Exodus 14) Moses proclaimed, “Do not be afraid!” (Front: sea, Back: soldiers) “Stand firm! You will see the deliverance and salvation God will bring you today. The soldiers you see today, you will NEVER see again because God is fighting for us.”

Romans 8 “God is working all things together for the good of those who love him and are called according to his purpose.”

The real source, the source of real faith – what is the greatest barrier? It is NO barrier if God is there to help us pass over it because God is Almighty. Do you agree? Then, accept it and enjoy it. This is a fact.

The source of real faith is close intimacy in our relationship with God. For Moses, the source of real faith = close intimacy in his relationship with God. Bible says, “Moses spoke to God face to face.”

Also for us:

Source of Faith = Real intimacy with God

Hebrews conclusion? “Let us fix our eyes on Jesus Christ, who is the author and perfecter of our faith.”

Remember, the source of real faith is closeness, intimacy in our relationship with Jesus Christ.

Chp 12:2

“Let us fix our eyes on Jesus Christ, who is the author and perfecter of our [my] faith.”

Let’s pray.

  • Feb 16 / 2020
  • Comments Off on You Are to Live for Eternity (Hebrews 11:20-22; Genesis 50:22-26)
Hebrews: The Superiority of Christ, Pastor Heo, Sermons

You Are to Live for Eternity (Hebrews 11:20-22; Genesis 50:22-26)

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You are to live for Eternity

Hebrews 11:20-22; Genesis 50:22-26 (Pastor Heo)

Hebrews 11

20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau in regard to their future.

21 By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of Joseph’s sons, and worshiped as he leaned on the top of his staff.

22 By faith Joseph, when his end was near, spoke about the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt and gave instructions about his bones.

Genesis 50

The Death of Joseph

22 Joseph stayed in Egypt, along with all his father’s family. He lived a hundred and ten years 23 and saw the third generation of Ephraim’s children. Also the children of Makir son of Manasseh were placed at birth on Joseph’s knees.

24 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die. But God will surely come to your aid and take you up out of this land to the land he promised on oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.” 25 And Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath and said, “God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up from this place.”

26 So Joseph died at the age of a hundred and ten. And after they embalmed him, he was placed in a coffin in Egypt.

Hebrews 11

20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau in regard to their future.

21 By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of Joseph’s sons, and worshiped as he leaned on the top of his staff.

22 By faith Joseph, when his end was near, spoke about the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt and gave instructions about his bones.

When Isaac went to give the blessing to Esau, he was tricked by his wife and son Jacob. When he blessed Jacob the first time, in the trick, he knew that his future blessing would go through Jacob, so later, he blessed Jacob again with full knowledge of this. (This is v. 20)

Jacob had 12 sons and these sons became the Father of the 12 tribes of Israel. So, when his death was near, he blessed them with prophecies and blessings. He also blessed Joseph’s two sons. These were his grandsons.

Manasseh was the first – so he was put on the right hand of Jacob. Ephraim was on the left side because he was the second son.

At that time, Jacob could not see because he was dying, yet he crossed his arms to bless them. His right hand on Ephraim’s head, his left hand on Manasseh’s head. Joseph said, “No father! This is the first son!”

Jacob: “I know. He will be a great nation, but the second will be greater.” By knew (by faith) and blessed them (by faith) according to the will of God.

v. 22

“22 By faith Joseph, when his end was near, spoke about the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt and gave instructions about his bones.”

Joseph was the last patriarch and lived a great life of faith. He remembered God’s purpose and plan for him and his descendants. His story:

  1. Sold by his brothers into slavery in Egypt (at age 17)
  2. Sold again to an official in Egypt (and thrown in jail)
  3. Because of his fear of God, he was eventually promoted to Prime Minister.
  4. He lived until 110.

This means he lived in Egypt 90 years – and he became Prime Minister at age 30 (so he was in the highest position – with power – for about 80 years in Egypt). If he had wanted to, he could have set up his own empire in Egypt as his home. But, amazingly, during his stay, he never considered Egypt as his home. He always considered himself a stranger / foreigner / not a citizen in Egypt – because he remembered God’s promise to his great grandfather Abraham.

He made his children swear to carry his bones out of Egypt when God delivered them. So, these descendants passed his will down generation to generation for 400 years until they were delivered. And finally, Joseph’s mummy (embalmed) was carried out to Canaan where Joshua conquered the land.

What we can learn:

1. To bless others is very important.

  • Jacob blessed his children and grandchildren by faith.
  • Joseph blessed his children and brothers by faith.
  • Parents are given the responsibility / blessing to bless their own children.

In this passage, each person’s life is summarized not by how they lived, but by how they died. Someday, our lives also will be characterized by how we finish this life.

Are you living by faith?

Living by faith is very important. But dieing by faith is MORE important. To die by faith requires us to live by faith.

Say to yourself: “I’m not an accident.”

Your birth is no mistake, no mishap. Perhaps your parents did not plan your birth, but GOD DID. That is why we are here, now, today.

God was not surprised by your birth nor my birth. Long before you were conceived, you were chosen and thought of by God.

Eph “You were chosen before the foundation of the world by Jesus Christ to be holy and blameless in his sight.”

God thought of you before anyone else (he thought of you first). God deliberately designed and decided our days, our times, our birthplaces, the times of our birth and death. He planned where we would be born and where we would live.

This life is very SHORT. At most – less than 100 years. But remember, we will spend eternity in heaven. More than anything else, we were created to live for eternity. We have an inborn instinct to live for eternity. This is because God designed us to live for eternity.

Ecc 3:11 “God has made everything beautiful in its time. And he has set eternity in the minds / hearts of Man.”

But we don’t fully understand what he is doing from beginning to end.

You know, someday, your heart, my heart, will stop beating. This is the end of this body on earth, but it is not the end of you and me. It is just a transition into eternity.

Are you not happy about physical death? But today’s passage mentions Isaac’s death, Jacob’s death, and Jacob’s death. You know the last verse in Genesis is “Joseph died…”

We must be serious about the matter of life and death. The Bible calls our physical body a “tent.”

2 Cor “Now we know that if our tents (physical bodies) are destroyed, we have a house in heaven not built by human hands.”

So, in all this we must live in the light of eternity. We were created to live for eternity.

The main point of this story:

Isaac, Jacob, Joseph received the promise from God, but they never entered the Promised Land in their lifetimes. They never received the promise – Israel never became a great nation, they all lived as strangers in this world. But they didn’t die in despair, but in hope.

Their thoughts and beliefs / faith were like this: God’s promise and plan is VERY SURE and he never breaks his promise. I, personally, may never see that promise fulfilled, but I’m a link in the chain to its fulfillment. So, whether or not that promise comes, depends on me.

We must take the same lesson:

Do you have hope?

Maybe they will NEVER be fulfilled in our lifetimes, but we must live in such a way as to hasten their coming for future generations. And our FINAL HOPE is the fulfillment of the Great Commission. Matt 24? “This gospel will be preached in the whole world, and THEN the end will come.” Great Commission: Matt 28 “Therefore, go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. And surely I’m with you to the very end of the age.”

This Great Commission may not be fulfilled in our lifetimes, but it WILL be fulfilled. Do you believe this? Therefore, we must be a LINK – we must be connected for the fulfillment of the Great Commission. We must live from the perspective of eternity.

Faith makes us able to see beyond the temporary, into eternity. It allows us to see beyond what is seen and into unseen.

If we fully comprehend that there is more to life than the here and now, and that our physical life is only preparation for eternity, then we will begin to live differently.

If we really understand that, then many goals, problems, and plans will seem so small and not worthy of our attention. We must use our Time, Talent, and Treasure more wisely, for eternity. WHO I AM is more important than what I have.

Our attitudes and character is much more important than fame, money, possessions, power. Paul: “What was for my gain, I consider loss compared to the greatness of Christ. I consider all things rubbish so that I might be found in Christ.”

We experienced pregnancy in our mother’s womb. This 9-10 months was not an end in itself, but a preparation for life in this world. Likewise, our 90-100 years on earth is preparation for the next life.

“God has a plan. God has a purpose for my life on earth.”

If you believe God has a purpose and plan for your life on earth, you must know that his plan for you doesn’t end in this world. This is very important.

My physical life will end someday, but God’s plan for me doesn’t end even though I pass away at some point. This is a very important lesson for us.

Ps 33:1 “God’s plans / purposes last forever.”

Heb 13:14 “Here we do not have an enduring city, so we are looking forward to the city that is to come.” This world is not our home, so we are looking forward to our everlasting city in heaven.

So, to make the most of our lives in this world, we must keep the value of eternity in our hearts. Measured against eternity, this life is too short – shorter than the blink of an eye. We must know that even though our lives here are very short, the consequences of our actions on earth are eternal – they decide our relationship to God in eternity.

There are many countries, jobs, hobbies, but eternity offers only two options: heaven vs. hell.

If you accept Jesus Christ, if you believe and trust in Christ as your Savior and Lord on this earth, then you will be invited to spend eternity with God in heaven. But if you reject God’s grace through Jesus Christ, you will spend eternity separated from God. That’s why our lives on earth are so important though they are so short.

We are not living yesterday’s life, nor tomorrow’s. “I’m living TODAY’S life.”

Why is “today” so important?

Because “today” is the first day of the rest of our lives (including eternity). And someday – in the future (which will be called “today” on that day) will be our last day, and it is so important.

v. 20-22

20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau in regard to their future.

21 By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of Joseph’s sons, and worshiped as he leaned on the top of his staff.

22 By faith Joseph, when his end was near, spoke about the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt and gave instructions about his bones.”

We are living for the fulfillment of the Great Commission. This gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all creation and THEN the end will come.

We may see the fulfillment of this Great Commission in our lives, or we may not. But what is important is that it WILL be fulfilled in God’s time, in God’s way, by those who live BY FAITH. And we must be connected to this.

God bless you.

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So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Listen